Murray, Maxwell.

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Murray, Maxwell, born 19-06-1885 at West Point, New York as a son of Major General Arthur Murray, first Chief of Coast Artillery Corps and his wife Sarah Wetmore De Russy, daughter of Union Brigadier General René Edward De Russy     De Russy died age 76, on 23-11-1865 in San Fransico. Murray attended the United States Military Academy

during the years 1903 – 1907 and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of the Cavalry on 14-06-1907. Sadie Murray, the daughter of Arthur and Sara Murray, was the wife of Major General Henry Conger Pratt.

He is the only person in American military history to command both an air force wing and an army division. He died 06-04-1966 (aged 83) in Washington, D.C.

During World War I, Murray was transferred to the Field Artillery branch on 13-01-1917 and sent with 5th Field Artillery within 1st Infantry Division to the France.

The 1st Infantry Division, under command of Major General William Luther Sibert

is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving division in the Regular Army. It has seen continuous service since its organization in 1917 during World War I. It was officially nicknamed “The Big Red One” after its shoulder patch and is also nicknamed “The Fighting First.” The division has also received troop monikers of “The Big Dead One” and “The Bloody First” as puns on the respective officially sanctioned nicknames. It is currently based at Fort Riley, Kansas.

Promoted to First Lieutenant, Cavalry, Regular Army, 27-07-1907; and to Captain, Cavalry, Regular Army, 01-07-1916, and transferred to Field Artillery 13-01-1917. He was appointed Major (temporary), Field Artillery on 05-08-1917, he accepted on 05-12-1917, which terminated on 07-01-1918. He was appointed to Lieutenant Colonel, Field Artillery, National Army, 05-01-1918, he accepted on 08-01-1918. He was appointed Colonel, Field Artillery, U.S. Army, 28-08-1918, he accepted on 30-08-1918, and was honorably discharged from commission as Colonel, Field Artillery, U.S. Army, only, on 23-01-1920. He was promoted to Major, Field Artillery, Regular Army, on 01-07-1920; Lieutenant Colonel, Field Artillery, Regular Army, 01-10-1930; Colonel, Field Artillery, Regular Army, on 28-10-1935; appointed Brigadier General, Field Artillery, Regular Army, on 01-12-1938, accepted the same date, and he was promoted to Major General, on 10-07-1941. Murray was promoted to the temporary rank of Colonel and was in command of the 5th Field Artillery Regiment during the Battle of Cantigny, Battle of Soissons and Second Battle of the Marne. Murray commanded the 25th Infantry Division, nickname “Tropic Lightning” or “Electric Strawberry” during the attack on Pearl Harbor. The casualties of the division during there 260 days of the European combat are 5.432.

With the Japanese Attack on attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, Murray served as a commanding General of the 25th Infantry Division (former Hawaiian Division). During his command, 25th Division performed intensive training due to its deployment in Pacific. He served in this capacity until the end of April 1942, when he was replaced by Major General Joseph Lawton Collins. In addition, Murray was awarded with his first Legion of Merit for his service as CG of 25th Infantry Division.

Major General Murray subsequently served as a commanding General of the 35th Infantry Division stationed at Camp San Luis Obispo, California. He was succeeded by Major General Paul William Baade

Baade, Paul William in January 1943 and transferred to Pasadena, Southern California, where he commanded the local sector within Western Defense Command under the command of General John Lesesne DeWitt. Murray also received an Oak Leaf Cluster to the Legion of Merit for his service in Western Defense Command.

In 1943, Major General Murray was transferred to the combat area in New Caledonia in Central Pacific area, where he commanded the Guadalcanal Island Forward Area. This command included the Fiji Islands. For his service in this capacity, Murray was awarded with the Second Oak Leaf Cluster to the Legion of Merit.

Aurand arrives at Chihchiang in June 1945 for an inspection tour, and is met by officials of the Chinese Services of Supply. From the left, General Pai Yun-shung, General Chang, General Aurand, and General Cheng.

In November 1945, Murray returned to the United States and was assigned to headquarters of the Army Ground Forces in Washington, D.C. Murray finally retired from the Army on 30-09-1946.

Death and burial ground of Murray, Maxwell.


He married Phyllis Howard Murray (1890-1976) and together they had a son, Arthur Maxwell Murray the later colonel in the US army and a daughter, Ann Howard. Maxwell Murray died age 63, on 04-08-1948 and is buried with his wife Phyllis Howard, born De Russy, who died old age 86, in 1976, on the Arlington National Cemetery, in Section 3. Major General, Commander, G1 (Personnel) Section, Headquarters SHAEF, Charles Bonesteel, the 101st Airborne General, Anthony McAuliffe

the Bastogne defender, Major General. Commander, 7th Armoured DivisionTruman Boudinot, Commanded the 25st Infantry Division  during the attack on Pearl Harbor , Major General, adviser MacArthur. Corps Engineers, Hugh Casey, Major General, “Father of the Armoured Forces”, Adna Chaffee, Lieutenant General, Chief of Staff,Hugh Drum, Lieutenant General, 3rd Service Command and Deputy,Manton Eddy,   Rear Admiral, U Boot 505, Daniel Gallery, Lieutenant General, Quartermaster U.S. Army, Thomas Larkin and Marine Corps General, Iwo Jima-Guadalcanal-OkinawaRandolph Pate.

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