Himmler, Gebhard Ludwig.

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Himmler, Gebhard, was born on 29-07-1898 in Munich, the first son of a headmaster, Joseph Gebhard Himmler, born 17-05-1865 in Lindau, he died 29-10-1936 in Munich, and Anna Maria Heyder, born 16-01-1866 in Bregenz, she died 10-09-1941 in Munich too . Gebhard was the oldest son of three IMG_20160701_0001-001. His other siblings were Heinrich Himmler  the later SS Reichsführer and a German Nazi functionary, engineer Ernst Hermann Himmler, born 23-12-1905 in Munich,  Ernst Himmler died with the Volkssturm during fierce fighting in Berlin  on 02-05-1945, young age 39.

   From 1904 to 1906 Gebhard attended the cathedral school on the Frauenplatz in Munich. From 1906 to 1908 he went to the Amalienschule and from 1909 to 1916 to the Wilhelms Gymnasium München. In 1916, because he was doing his A-Levels, he was absolved from being called up to the Bavarian Army.

IMG_20160701_0002-001 IMG_20160701_0002 IMG_0002_NEW In March 1917 he took his Abitur early and passed. He was a member of the Studentenverbindung, Akademische Gesangverein  AGV München, where he got to know Richard Wendler , later as a SS Gruppenführer, to become his brother-in-law. Wendler was involved in the demolition of the Jewish Synagogue in Hof , during the Kristallnacht in November 1938 and died age 74 on 24-08-1972 in Prien.

On the night of November 9 to 10, 1938, massive attacks take place on Jewish shops, schools and synagogues throughout Germany. People are dragged out of their homes, buildings are set on fire, men and women are abused and murdered. It is a temporary low point in the years of systematic discrimination and exclusion of the small German Jewish minority.It is mainly Hitler’s state fighters from the SA who carry out the attacks while the German civilian population watches. Doors of houses are kicked in, after which hordes of drunken Nazis burst in with clubs and axes.

People are beaten to pieces, women and children are abused, sometimes the men are beaten to death before their eyes. 400 people die and thousands are injured. 30,000 Jews are rounded up that night and taken to concentration camps. On the morning of November 10, the streets of Berlin and Vienna are littered with household goods and glass. Because of all that broken glass, the night becomes known as Kristallnacht. It is a harbinger of what awaits European Jews.

On 18-09-1926 Gebhard, age 28, married the one year younger Mathilde “Hilde” Wendler,IMG_20160701_0001IMG_0004_NEW-001-300x158 whom he had met at a ball held by the Apollo students association. Their children are Irmgard, born 21-10-1927), Anneliese, born 16-10-1930 and Heide, born 13-03-1940 in Gmund am Tegernsee.  In 1917, Gerhard Himmler passed an officer training course and, in May 1917, was made Fahnenjunker of the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment in Passau. In summer that year he participated in an exercise at Grafenwöhr, and passed a Fahnenjunker course and, subsequently, a machine gunner’s course in Lagerlechfeld. On 09-04-1918, Gebhard arrived in Lorraine on the Western Front and was then deployed during the Battle of Château-Thierry, 65 km from Paris, as a runner between battalion and regimental headquarters. In 1919, after the end of the war, Gebhard and his brother, Heinrich IMG_20160701_0003  left the Munich citizens’ militia, the Einwohnerwehr to join the 21st Rifle Brigade, Schützenbrigade 21 of the paramilitary Black Reichswehr under Franz Ritter von Epp.

 In early 1923, Gebhard joined the Bund Reichskriegsflagge under Ernst Röhm, who took part in the Munich Putsch in November 1923. From 15-01-1919 to July 1923, he took a course in mechanical engineering at the Munich University of Technology. From July 1923 to the introduction of the Rentenmark currency, Gebhard worked for the Bavarian Mortgage and Exchange Bank for paper currency. In 1924 he worked in the construction office of the engineering firm, Fritz Neumeyer  AG, in the Munich quarter of Freimann. From January 1925 he was an assistant teacher at the municipal vocational and technical school for precision engineering in Deroystrasse; from April 1925 he was appointed as a teacher (Studienrat) there and taught technical drawing, physics and instrumentation. On 30-01-1933, Gebhard Himmler was appointed headmaster of the vocational school in Deroystraße and, on 01-11-1935 he became headmaster of the Oskar von Miller  Polytechnic, a higher education establishment specializing in technology. In May 1933 Gebhard Himmler joined the Nazi Party, member no. 1.117.822 and the Verein für das Deutschtum im Ausland. In order to avoid the appearance of being an opportunist, at his request the lower Nazi membership number of his wife was transferred to him. Before 30-01-1933, Gebhard Himmler became the head of the Bavarian vocational schools association. This was transferred in 1933 into the National Socialist Teachers League (NSLB).  Gebhard Himmler became deputy and, subsequently, head of the Gau Students Association (Gaufachschaftsleiter) for the Gau of Upper Bavaria. IMG_0003_NEW From his appointment as director of the vocational school in Deroystraße, Gebhard Ludwig Himmler devoted himself to numerous honorary offices in the Nazi regime and was largely exempted from teaching. He trained as an officer and continued to work with the NSLB/National Socialist Teachers League

From early 1936, Gebhard worked in the head office for technology in the Nazi Party, the Hauptamt für Technik in der NSDAP, and in the Nazi Federation for German Technology (NS-Bund Deutscher Technik), led by Fritz Todt  and to which, until 1938, almost all technical-scientific associations, such as the Association of German Engineers (VDI), were connected. The VDI defined the guidelines for the award of the title “engineer”. Gebhard Ludwig Himmler helped to shape this corporate representative body and exercised the state’s political power in a discriminatory and party-political manner. On 01-08-1939, Gebhard Himmler was called up and assigned to the 19th Bavarian Infantry. He was deployed with his company to Czechoslovakia on the Polish border. After the start of World War II on 01-09-1939, he participated in the Invasion of Poland. The 19th Infantry were part of the 14th Army, then under command of Generaloberst Wilhelm List.

  At the end of the fighting, on 16 and 17 September, the regiment was located west of Lemberg, but was transferred to the Lower Rhine in October 1939.

On 18-10-1937, Fritz Todt and Abdul Majid Zabuli , the founder of Afghanistan’s banking system, who died very old age 102 on 23-11-1998, signed an Afghan-German agreement over civil engineering and land communications. Gebhard Himmler enjoyed the protection of Fritz Todt, who ensured that, in December 1939, he was posted to Department E IV of the Reichserziehungsministerium in Berlin. On 12-07-1940, he was promoted from principal, Oberstudiendirektor  to director, Ministerialrat.tumblr_lz303isuoz1r4dlvio1_500 From June 1940, Gebhard and Hilde Himmler lived with their family in Hähnelstraße in the Berlin district of Friedenau. In 1944, Wilhelm Heering (born 1877), director, Ministerialdirigent, at the Reichserziehungsministerium, retired, and Gebhard Himmler became his successor. From August 1943, Gebhard Himmler lived with his brother, Ernst, in Ruhleben in Berlin. Until 1946, his family lived at Haus Lindenfycht in Gmund am Tegernsee with Margarete Himmler;  during renovation work at the private villa she looked after prisoners at the subcamp of KZ Dachau.   Margarete Himmler (left) poses with a colleague in the German Red Cross. During World War II Margarete Himmler held a post in the German Red Cross inspecting field stations.

On 30-01-1944, Gebhard Himmler became an SS-Standartenführer, SS-Nr. 214.049 and, on 30-03-1944, was promoted to SS-Standartenführer der Reserve in the Waffen-SS and was employed as inspector of Waffen-SS schools. Gebhard Ludwig Himmler was taken prisoner by the British Army near Kappeln on the Schlei. In early March 1946, he was interned at the Emil Köster Leather Factory in Gadeland; later, he was transferred to Bad Fallingbostel on the Lüneburg Heath, a former Allied prisoner of war camp. In 1948 he was moved to an internment camp on Ungererstraße.

Death and burial ground, of Himmler, Gebhard Ludwig.

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Following his release in 1948, he worked on the manufacture of capacitors in Hoffmannstraße. Karl Hudezeck  (1934–1945, headmaster of the Wittelsbacher-Gymnasium München) gave him a denazification certificate for the Nazi era. At a denazification panel he was assessed as Category II – Follower, belastet. In the European-Afghan Cultural Office in Munich, Gebhard Ludwig Himmler, as director, Ministerial Dirigent a. D. and engineer, worked as a study adviser and arranged internships for Afghan students. He was barred from working for the government and he was disqualified from his pension, but he successfully appealed this in 1959. He died, age 83, on 22-06-1982 in Munich and is buried with his wife Hilde, who died old age 87 in 1986 on the Waldfriedhof in Munich, Section 162. Kylle Dudley found the gravestone and was so kind to sent me the photo.

Message(s), tips or interesting graves for the webmaster:    robhopmans@outlook.com


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