Stemmermann, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm.

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Stemmermann, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm, born 23-10-1888 in Rastatt. His father was Eduard Friedrich Stemmermann, a former Hauptmann and company chief in the 3. Inf. Rg. No. 111 (retired as Oberstleutnant). Stemmermann’s mother was Amalie Stemmermann, born Arenz,  (kath.). Karl married Elisabeth Reichsgräfin Basselett de La Rosee (born 18-10-1900 Munich) in Munich on 28-01-1922. The couple married in front of the church on 30-01-1922 in Ulm. From this marriage came a son, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm (03-12-1922).
On 26-06-1908 Stemmermann joined the Württemberg army as Fahnenjunker. He was immediately placed in the Fußartillerie-Regiment Nr. 14. As such, he became a battery officer in the Baadse Fußartillerie-Regiment Nr. 14. Stemmermann took part in the First World War as an artillery officer.
After the first war he was taken over as Hauptmann in the new Reichswehr. In the spring of 1920, Stemmermann was part of the 200,000-strong transition army, and was deployed as a teacher at the infantry school in Munich. He remained in this position until the final transition to the 100,000-strong Reichswehr. In the spring of 1924 he belonged to the Kommandantur Ingolstadt. At the latest in the spring of 1925, it belonged for the following years to the 6th (Bad.) Battery of the 5th Artillery Regiment in Ulm. In 1928/1929 Stemmermann was transferred to the staff of the 5th Division in the Reichswehr in Stuttgart for the next few years. On 01-04-1930 he was promoted to Major. And on 01-03-1936, he was promoted to Oberst. And on 01-10-1937 he was appointed Chief of Staff of the 13th Army Corps. In September 1939 at the beginning of World War II, he left his old post as Generalstabsoffizier and took part in the Polish Campaign. From May 1940, Stemmermann took part in the Battle of France as Generalstabsoffizier of the 13th Army Corps, under command of General der Kavallerie Maximilian von Weichs. In January 1941, he took charge of the newly established 296th Infantry Division. In June 1941 his troops took part in Operation Barbarossa as part of the 4th Army Corps. They were deployed in the area of ​​Rava-Rus’ka, together with the 17th Army, under General der Infanterie Carl-Heinrich von Stülpnagel and took part in the attack towards Lemberg/Lviv
The Lviv pogroms were the consecutive pogroms and massacres of Jews in June and July 1941 in the city of Lwów in German-occupied Eastern Poland/Western Ukraine (now Lviv, Ukraine). The massacres were perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists (specifically, the OUN), German death squads (Einsatzgruppen), and urban population from 30 June to 2 July, and from 25 to 29 July, during the German invasion of the Soviet Union. Thousands of Jews were killed both in the pogroms and in the Einsatzgruppen killings. Ukrainian militia as well as Ukrainian residents and to a lower degree Poles targeted Jews in the first pogrom, which was triggered by the discovery of thousands of bodies in three Lviv prisons of victims of the Soviet NKVD prisoner massacre, which were widely blamed on “Jewish Bolsheviks”. The subsequent massacres were directed by the Germans in the context of the Holocaust in Eastern Europe. The pogroms have been widely debated in the historiography, including the extent to which Ukrainian nationalists played a central or complicit role.
On 01-08-1941, Stemmermann was promoted to Generalleutnant. In January 1942 he was seriously injured and had to relinquish command of the 296th Infantry Division. After his discharge from hospital on 01-03-1942, he was placed in the Führer reserve. On 01-12-1942 he was promoted to General der Artillerie. He was appointed Kommandierender General of the 11th Army Corps in the Kiev area on 05-12-1943. In January 1944, large parts of the 8th Army, under command of General der Infanterie Otto Wöhler, were forced to the Dnieper by the Red Army in the Korsun area.

Death and burial ground of Stemmermann, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm.

Stemmermann took command of the trapped troops in Cherkasy’s pocket as the highest-ranking officer. Stemmermann was killed on 18-02-1944, age 55, when his (staff) car was hit by a Russian anti-tank grenade during a breakout attempt. Another source mentions that he was killed by an artillery crit on his (staff) car. Stemmerman was posthumously awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.
The owner  of the grave photo of the grave of General Wilhelm Stemmermann, is Martin Bogaert, Located in the village of Brane Polye, the gravesite is still cared for by the same Ukrainian family who helped bury him 71 years ago.

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