Roosevelt, Theodore Jr “”One Shot Teddy” “.

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Roosevelt, Theodore Jr “One Shot Teddy” the oldest son of President Theodore Roosevelt born 13-09-1887, at the family estate in Oyster Bay Cove, New York, when his father was just starting his political career.  As a son of President Theodore Roosevelt, he has been referred to as “Jr”, but he was actually Theodore III and one of his own sons was Theodore IV. His siblings were brothers Kermit , Archibald “Archie” , and Quentin; sister Ethel; and half-sister Alice. As an Oyster Bay Roosevelt, and through his ancestor Cornelius Van Schaack Jr., Ted was a descendant of the Schuyler family. By 1650, Philip Pieterse Schuyler  emigrated to New Netherland, settling in Beverwyck. His brother, David Pieterse Schuyler, also emigrated from our Dutch Republic. Cornelius Van Schaack “C.V.S.” Roosevelt (January 30, 1794 – July 17, 1871) was an American businessman from New York City. He was also a member of the prominent Roosevelt family and the paternal grandfather of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. Like all the Roosevelt children, Ted was tremendously influenced by his father. Kermit died in Alaska on 04-06-1943, age 53, in his room at Fort Richardson, from a self-inflicted gunshot wound to the head. On 13-10-1979, age 85, Archie Roosevelt died of a stroke at the Stuart Convalescent Home in Stuart, Florida. He was 85 years old, the last child of Theodore and Edith to die (although his half-sister Alice would outlive him by four months).  By 1975, Ethel Roosevelt was in visibly weak condition. In 1977 she made her final visit to the White House to see Jimmy Carter and his wife Rosalynn. Finally, in 10-12-1977, age 86, she died at the Adam-Derby House in Oyster Bay, New York.

After many years of ill health, Alice Roosevelt died in her Embassy Row house on 20-02-1980, eight days after her 96th birthday, of emphysema and pneumonia, with contributory effects of a number of other chronic illnesses. She is buried in Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C. She was the last surviving child of Theodore Roosevelt.

Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. after breaking his ankle during a Harvard football game   in later life, Ted would record some of these childhood recollections in a series of newspaper articles written around the time of World War I. One day when he was about nine, his father gave young Ted a rifle. Ted was so excited and wanted to see if it worked, so after promising not to tell mother, he fired a small shot into the roof. They never got caught for that. When Ted was a child, his father initially expected more of him than of his siblings – an added burden that almost caused him to suffer a nervous breakdown. Unlike his little brother Quentin Roosevelt, who, like his father, was naturally gifted intellectually and sailed through Harvard, studies did not come easy for Ted. He persisted however and graduated from Harvard University in 1908. Before he went to college, he thought about going to military school. All the Roosevelt sons except Kermit had had some military training prior to World War I. Ted, having a reserve commission in the army,  as did two of his brothers, Quentin and Archibald was called up shortly after World War I broke out. When the United States declared war on Germany, Ted volunteered to be one of the first soldiers to go to France. There, Ted distinguished himself as the best battalion commander in his division, according to the division commander himself. He braved hostile fire and gas and led his battalion in combat. Ted resumed his reserve service between the wars. He attended the annual summer camps at Pine Camp and completed both the Infantry Officer’s Basic and Advanced Courses and the Command and General Staff College, and so was eligible for senior commissioned service in World War II. President Herbert Hoover   appointed Roosevelt as Governor-General of the Philippines in 1932. During his time in office, Roosevelt acquired the nickname “One Shot Teddy” among the Filipino population, in reference to his marksmanship during a hunt for tamaraw (wild pygmy water buffalo).  President Herbert Clark Hoover died following massive internal bleeding at the age of 90 in his New York City suite at 11:35 a.m. on  20-10-1964, 31 years, seven months, and sixteen days after leaving office. At the time of his death, he had the longest retirement of any president.

In 1940, Roosevelt attended a military refresher course offered to many businessmen as an advanced student, and was promoted to colonel in the Army of the United States. He returned to active duty in April 1941 and was given command of the 26th Infantry Regiment, nickname “Blue spaders”  , 1st Infantry Division, nickname “The Big Red One”   the same group he fought with in World War I. Late in 1941, he was promoted to Brigadier General. Roosevelt saw action in Sicily, commanded Allied Forces in Sardinia, and fought on the Italian mainland. He was the chief liaison officer to the French Army in Italy for General Dwight Eisenhouwer and repeatedly made requests of Eisenhower for combat command. In February 1944, Roosevelt was assigned to England to help lead the Normandy invasion. He was assigned to the staff of the U.S. 4th Infantry Division. After several verbal requests to the division’s commanding officer, Major General Raymond Oscar Tubby” Barton he died age 73, on 27-02-1963, 47292938_128768631264  were denied, Roosevelt sent a written petition. Barton approved this letter with much misgiving, stating that he did not expect Roosevelt to return alive. Roosevelt would be the only General on D-Day to land by sea with the first wave of troops. The Generals Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., Terry “Terrible Terry” Allen en George Patton S. Patton He was one of the first soldiers, along with Captain. Leonard T.“Max” Schroeder Jr, he died very old age of 90, on 26-05-2009,  off his landing craft as he led the U.S. 4th Infantry Division’s, nickname “Iron Horse” , 8th Infantry Regiment and 70th Tank Battalion landing at Utah Beach.

Death and burial ground of Roosevelt, Theodore Jr “One Shot Teddy”.

  Throughout World War II, Roosevelt suffered from health problems. He had arthritis, mostly from old World War I injuries, and walked with a cane. He also had heart trouble. On 12-07-1944, age 56, one month after the landing at Utah Beach, he died of a heart attack in France. He was fifty six years of age. He is buried at the American cemetery in Normandy next to his brother, Lieutenant Quentin Roosevelt  Quentin had been killed, age 20, in France during World War I and buried at Chamery, but was exhumed and moved to the Normandy Cemetery. When Ted Roosevelt died, he had already been selected by General Dwight D. Eisenhower for promotion to Major General and orders had been cut placing him in command of the 90th Infantry Division, nickname “Toügh ‘Ombres” . The 90th Infantry Division liberated the concentration camp Flössenburg where only days before Wehrmacht Admiral Wilhelm Canaris  and Stafchef OKW und Group von Stauffenberg, Hans Paul Oster  were killed and  the remaining 1.500 emaciated prisoners left behind. Teddy Roosevelt is buried  on the American War Cemetery in Vierville, France, now next to his brother.



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