Hodge, John Reed.

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Hodge, John Reed, born 12-06-1893, in Golconda, Illinois, the son of John Jay Hardin Hodge and Melissa S Hodge, attended Southern Illinois Teachers College and the University of Illinois. After completing U.S. Army Officer Candidate School at Fort Sheridan, he entered military service as a Second Lieutenant of Infantry in 1917. He served in World War I in France and Luxembourg.

Remaining in the Army following the end of the war, he taught military science at Mississippi State University from 1921–1925 and graduated from the Infantry School in 1926. After a posting to Hawaii, he graduated from the Command and General Staff School, the Army War College, and the Air Corps Tactical School.

At the beginning of World War II, Hodge was part of the staff of VII Corps. Being appointed Brigadier General, he started his combat career as part of the Staff of General Joseph “Lightning Joe” Lawton Collins of the 25th Infantry Division in the Guadalcanal campaign. The 25th , nickname “Tropic Lightning”  had 5.432 casualties in 260 days of combat.  .He then participated in the Bougainville campaign in 1943–1944. He was promoted to Major General during the Philippines Campaign in 1944. In 1945 he served on Okinawa, and he was promoted to Lieutenant General in August, becoming the commander of the XXIV Corps  of the U.S. Tenth Army .

From 1945 to 1948, Hodge was the military governor of South Korea under the United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK). He took his corps to Korea under orders of General Douglas MacArthur landing at Incheon on 09-09-1945. He was the commanding officer receiving the surrender of all Japanese forces in Korea south of the 38th parallel. John Reed Hodge (left) speaks at the founding ceremony of the Republic of Korea. Hodge then returned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina to command V US Corps from 1948 to 1950. After the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950, he was named the Commanding General of the US Third Army, based in the United States of America, and not in Korea. Hodge received a promotion to General on 05-07-1952 and his final assignment before retiring was as Chief of Army Field Services, 1952-1953.

Death and burial ground of Hodge, John Reed.

   General Hodge retired from military service in 30-06-1953 and died in Washington, DC on 12-11-1963, age 70. John Reed Hodge is buried  on Arlington County Virginia, USA, Section:34, grave 157-A.


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