Skrzynecki, Marian.

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Skrzynecki, Marian, born 27-09-1891 in Piotrków Trybunalski to Józef  Skrzynecki (1849–1925) and Paulina born Grott (1860–1922). His brothers were Tadeusz and Walerian Skrzynecki. In 1900 Mariane and his parents moved from Piotrków to Częstochowa, where he enrolled in a government grammar school in 1902. In 1905 he took part in a school strike as a member of the youth organization “Promieniści”, after which he was expelled from the gymnasium. From 1906 he attended the Polish gymnasium in Częstochowa. In 1908 he became a member of the Progressive Youth Union (since 1910 the Progressive-Independence Youth Association). He was a member of the PPS Combat Organization . In 1909 he completed a PPS combat instructor course in Kraków. In 1910 he joined the Union of Active Struggle in Lviv. From 01-08-1914 Marian served as a soldier of the Polish Legions in the 1st Legion Brigade under command of Marshal of Poland Józef Klemens Piłsudski  and then in the 1st Legion Lancers Regiment. By 1935, unbeknown to the public, Józef Piłsudski had for several years been in declining health. On 12-05-1935, age 67, he died of liver cancer at Warsaw’s Belweder Palace. The celebration of his life began spontaneously within half an hour of the announcement of his death.

From February 5 to March 31, 1917, he took a cavalry officer course with the 1st Uhlan Regiment in Ostrołęka under command of squadron commander – lieutenant Jerzy Stefan Pytlewski. who died 20-05-1939 (age 52)  Marian successfully completed the course. He held the rank of sergeant  at the time. In the summer of that year, after the Oath Crisis, he was interned in Szczypiorno and later in Łomża.

In the Polish Army since 1918. He took part in the war against the Bolsheviks, where he was deputy commander of Prince Józef Poniatowski’s 8th Uhlan regiment  . After the war, he served in the military chancery of the President of the Republic of Poland. On 03-05-1922, he was appointed captain with seniority on 01-06-1919 and ranked 305th in the corps of cavalry officers (since 1924 – cavalry).  In 1927 he completed a course for squadron commanders at the Cavalry Training Center in Grudziądz. He then served as squadron commander and quartermaster of the 7th Regiment of Lublin Lancers, . On 18-02-1928, he was promoted to Major with seniority from 01–01-1928, and 35th in the cavalry officer corps. On 31-03-1930 he was transferred to the Border Protection Corps and appointed commander of the KOP “Dederkały” squadron in Dederkały . On 03-08-1931 he was transferred to the 8th Regiment of Horse Riflemen in Chełmno in the position of deputy commander of the regiment. On 27-06-1935, he was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel with seniority on January 01-01-1935 and 4th in the cavalry officer corps.. On 08-04-1937, he became the first deputy commander of the 7th Uhlan Regiment in Minsk Mazowiecki. On 26-8-1939, he took over command of this cavalry unit.

Death and burial ground of Skrzynecki, Marian.


At the head of the 7th Uhlan Regiment he fought in the September Campaign. In late September, he was captured by the Soviets under unclear circumstances. There are several versions of this event: according to one he was captured after being wounded in combat, according to the other he was arrested in civilian clothes by Ukrainian militants. On 30-09-1939, he was detained by Red Army soldiers in the town of Krukienice. Shot while trying to escape, he died in hospital in Mościska, where he was buried in the local cemetery.

Marian Skrzynecki was married to Magdalena Adela Edelman, with whom he had two sons: Józef and Piotr  .

According to Andrzej Kunert, he was a descendant of the commander-in-chief of the November Uprising, Jan Skrzynecki, although the authors of the latter’s biography in the Polish Biographical Dictionary claim that he had no sons, only two unmarried daughters.

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