Hugenberg, Alfred, born 19-06-1865 in Hanover, Germany, the son of the Prussian politician, Karl Hugenberg. His father is a treasurer and a member of the Prussian state parliament, his mother Erneste (born Adickens) comes from a family of landowners. He studied law in Heidelberg and Berlin. Doing his military service as a one-year volunteer in 1888. He in 1900 marries Gertrud Adickens, a second degree cousin.. Hugenberg joined the Prussian Finance Ministry before being appointed by Gustav Krupp
as chairman of the board of directors of Krupp Armaments Company in 1909
. He also built up his own business interests and by the end of the First World War owned UFA,
Germany’s largest film company and several provincial newspapers. Hugenberg held right-wing views
and in 1919 he joined with Hugo Stinnes in establishing the German Nationalist Party (DNVP).
Stinnes died age 54, on 10-04-1924 in Berlin.
and soon afterwards became chairman of the party. His substantial fortune enabled him to fund his political campaigns against the Versailles Treaty, Locarno Treaty and the Young Plan. In 1929 Hugenberg began funding Adolf Hitler (see Hitler Paula
(see William Hitler
and the Nazi Party. He also joined with Hitler (see Alois Hitler
to help oust Heinrich Brüning
from power in December, 1932.
When Adolf Hitler
became chancellor on 30 January 1933 he appointed Hugenberg as his Minister of Agriculture and Economics. However, he resigned from office six months later in protest against the Nationalist Party being closed down.
Hugenberg remained a member of the Reichstag but he no longer had any political influence. Hugenberg still hoped to control the Nazis, an illusion soon shattered. He resigned on 26-06-1933, and his party was dissolved.
Death and burial ground of Hugenberg, Alfred Wilhelm Franz Maria.
He also lost control of his newspaper empire
when it purchased by the Nazi Party in 1943. However, he receives extensive compensation.
1946 September: Allied occupiers / liberators attack Rohbraken estate, loot it and kidnap Hugenberg into a British concentration camp internment camp. In 1949 the British fired Hugenberg. The Germans accuse him of “war criminals” in front of one of the notorious “courts of appeal” (which are actually prohibited as special courts by the Basic Law). He is condemned and expropriated as a “minor burden”. In 1950 Hugenberg is classified as a “follower” in the appointment process. Alfred Hugenberg retired on his huge country seat Rohbraken in Kükenbruch, West Germany and died on 12-03-1951, at the old age of 85.
Hugenberg here with his wife Gertrud
is buried in the woods of the country seat and the grave was pointed out by a grandson of Hugenberg, who allowed to make these pictures.