Thorne, Sir Augustus Francis Andrew Nicol “Budgy”.

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Thorne, Sir Augustus Francis Andrew Nicol "Budgy".
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Thorne, Sir Augustus Francis Andrew Nicol, born 20-09-1885 in Dornhurst, Sevenoaks, Kent, England, educated at Eton and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, Thorne was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Grenadier Guards in 1904. He served in the First World War, becoming a staff captain, then deputy assistant adjutant and quartermaster general and then deputy assistant quartermaster general in France. He became Commanding Officer (CO) of the 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards in 1916,and saw action in the First Battle of Ypres in 1914 and Battle of the Somme in 1916, earning the Distinguished Service Order and two Bars.[3] In 1918 he became commander of the 184th Brigade.

After the war he became assistant military attaché at Washington, D.C. and then, in 1922, a General Staff Officer (GSO) at London District. He was appointed military assistant to the Chief of the Imperial General Staffat the War Office in 1925 CO of the 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards again in 1927. In 1932, he was made military attaché in Berlin and commander of the 1st Guards Brigade at Aldershot Command in 1935. He was a temporary brigade commander in Palestine and Transjordan in 1936. In 1938 he became Major General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding (GOC) London District.

In 1939, at the start of World War II, Thorne became GOC 48th (South Midland) Infantry Division, which played an important role in the defence of the Dunkirk perimeter in 1940. He succeeded Major General Frank Crowther Roberts, after his retirement in December, Major General Roberts died 12-01-1982, aged 90. in Stanhope Bretby, Derbyshire, England  Eighty soldiers of the 48th Infantry Division were murdered in the Wormhoudt massacre. The Wormhoudt massacre) was the mass murder of 80 British and French POWs by Waffen-SS soldiers from the 1st SS Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler, under the overall command of Oberstgruppenführer Sepp Dietrich. during the Battle of France in May 1940. Thorne then became GOC XII Corps before being appointed GOC Scottish Command and Governor of Edinburgh Castle from 1941 to 1945. As GOC XII Corps, he founded the innovative XII Corps Observation Unit as a prototype of the Auxiliary Units guerrilla organisation. Whilst in Scotland, he was involved in the creation of War Office Selection Boards and responsible for the Fortitude North deception plan, as well as preparation for the liberation of Norway.

Germany officially surrendered in Norway on 08-05-1945, and Thorne arrived in Norway on 13 May together with Crown Prince Olav. He brought with him a small military force—one tenth the size of the German military presence—and so had to rely on cooperation with paramilitary forces from the Norwegian resistance movement. He cooperated closely with Jens Christian. Hauge, the leader within the World War II resistance. Hauge died on 30-10- 2006, age 91, at a retirement home in Vinderen, Oslo. Thorne formally held the sovereignty of Norway until 7 June, when Haakon VII of Norway returned from his exile. Thorne remained in charge of dismantling the German presence in Norway until he left the country on 31-10-1945.

Death and burial ground of Thorne, Sir Augustus Francis Andrew Nicol.

He retired in 1946. He was chairman of the Anglo-Norse Society for some time.Sir Thorne past away on 25-09-1970, aged 85, in Spynie Hospital, Elgin, Moray, Scotland

General Andrew Thorne is buried at St. Andrew’s ChurchyardSonning, Wokingham Borough, Berkshire, England.

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