Eagles, William Willis

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Eagles, William Willis, born 12-01-1895 in Albion, Indiana, to Edward P Eagles and Maud K Kimmell. William Willis married Dorothy, born, Van Slyck  who died age 99 on 23-06-1997. He was Officer in charge of Supply Construction and Budget, of the 8th Corps Area from 22-08-1936 until 01-11-1940 and attached to the VIII Corps until 01-05-1942. Then assigned as Commanding Officer 351st Infantry Regiment with the 88th Infantry Division, nicknamed “Fighting Blue Devils” File:88th Infantry Division SSI.svg under Major General, John Emmit Sloan  until 30-06-1942. The Germans thought the 88th was an elite storm trooper Division. This was most likely due to parallels between the “Blue Devil” nickname and patch rocker and the German SS’s use of the Totenkopf File:SS Totenkopf.jpg death’s head insignia. Casualties of the 88th in 344 days of combat, 15.173 casualties, killed, wounded or missing. The 88th was driving through the Dolomite Alps toward Innsbruck, Austria where it linked up with the 103rd Infantry Division, nicknamed “ Cactus Division” File:US 103rd Infantry Division.svg when the hostilities ended on 02-05-1945. From 21-11-1942, to 01-07-1942, Eagles was transferred to the 3rd Division File:3 Infantry Div Patch.svg in Africa and Italy as assistant Commanding General with John “old Luke” Lucas. During the war, 4.922 of the 3rd Division were killed in action, and 18.766 wounded with a further 636 who died of wounds. Elements of the 7th Infantry Regiment, nickname “Cottonbalers”  serving under the 3rd Infantry Division had the honor of capturing Hitler’s retreat at Berchtesgaden. 798px-3._US_Inf.-Div._in_Nürnberg,_20.04.1945  Meanwhile a Brigadier General he on 22-11-1943 until  21-11-1943, became the Commanding General 45th Division, nicknamed “Thunderbird”45thIBCTSSI.png in Italy and France.Before the 1930s, the division’s symbol was a red square with a yellow swastika File:45th Infantry insignia (swastika).svg, a tribute to the large Native American population in the southwestern United States. The 45th was involved in the Biscari massacre includes two World War II incidents in which U.S. soldiers were involved in killing 73 unarmed Italian and German prisoners of war (POWs) at Biscari, southern Sicily, Italy, on 14-07-1943. Following the capture of the Biscari airfield troops of the 180th Infantry killed 71 Italian and two German POWs in two separate incidents. In the first incident, 36 Italians died, while the second killing involved 35 Italians and two Germans.  On the same day, and near the same airfield, Sergeant Horace B. West was ordered to escort a recently captured group of prisoners to the rear for interrogation. Along the way, West halted the column and shot 35 Italian prisoners and 2 German prisoners with his Thomson submachine gun. After the liberation of the concentration camp Dachau, some veterans of the 45th Infantry Division have said that only 30 to 50 German soldiers were killed and that very few were killed trying to surrender, while others have admitted to killing or refusing to treat wounded German guards. During World War II, the 45th Division fought in 511 days of combat. Eight soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor during their service with the 45th Infantry Division: Soldiers of the division received 61 Distinguished Service Crosses, three Distinguished Service Medals, 1.848 Silver Star Medals, 38 Legion of Merit medals, 59 Soldier’s Medals, 5.744 Bronze Star Medals, and 52 Air Medals. The division received seven distinguished unit citations and eight campaign streamers during the conflict. The division suffered 3.650 killed in action, 13.729 wounded in action, 3.615 missing in action, 266 captured, and 41.647 non-battle casualties for a total of 62.907 casualties during the war. General Eagles himself was wounded on 30-11-1944. From 30-06-1945 until 12-01-1946 he was Commanding General Infantry Replacement Training Center, Camp Hood, Texas. From January 1946 to Mai 1946 President of Interview Boards, Regular Army Integration Program. From 31-07-1946 attached  to the 1st Army File:1st Army.svg, from 01-08-1946 Commanding General 9th Division. His last position was as Member of Army Personnel Board and General Eagle retired from the Service in 1953.

Death and burial ground of Eagles, William Willis.

    William Eagles passed away, age 93 on 20-02-1988 in Bethesda, Maryland, and is buried with his wife Dorothy Van Slyck on Arlington National Cemetery in Section 1.

 

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