Bleckwenn, Wilhelm Hermann.

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Bleckwenn, Wilhelm Hermann
Bleckwenn, Wilhelm Hermann, born on 21-10-1906, in Berge, Bersenbrück, who grew up in the mountains on the outskirts of Osnabrück, resigned as police recruits in the 16-04-1925 Police Academy Hildesheim
He became a highly decorated Generalmajor in the Wehrmacht during World War II, who commanded several divisions. Bleckwenn grew up in the countryside of Osnabrück, joined on 16-04-1925 as a police officer in the police school Hildesheim, was appointed on 01-10-1925 Unterwachtmeister and transferred on 01-04-1926 to the Schutzpolizei, Protect Police, in Wesermünde. There he became on 01-01-1927 police sergeant and on 01-06-1930 Polizei-Oberwachtmeister. After attending the 14th officer candidate training course at the national police school for weapon service and body training in Spandau and the higher national police school in Potsdam-Eicke, he insisted on the officer examination in September 1930, was appointed on 11-08-1932 to the police officer candidate and from 20 September to 30 November 1932 he took part in a shooting instructor course and an armored vehicle training at the School of Technology and Transport in Berlin-Tempelhof. On 01-04-1933 he was promoted to police Leutnant and on 01-07-1934 the police Oberleutnant. On 01-10-1934, he joined as a MG officer in the staff of the National Police Group Hanover, where he served as a platoon commander in the 2nd Landes-Polizei-Hundertschaft in Hanover. He was activated in the Police Service on 16-04-1925, as a Police Candidate at the Hildesheim Police School. He was excepted in the Army Service on 01-08-1935, at the Infantry School in Döbritz. At the beginning of World War II, he was commander of the 127th Border Infantry Regiment. All the war fighting on the Eastern Front, he was in different Infantry Regiments. He led his regiment on a 44 day fighting retreat from the Dnieper to East Prussia. Generalmajor Bleckwenn was awarded the Oak Leaves  for this leadership. On 14-08-1944 he became the temporary Battle Commander of Trier.
At the request of SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler   as Commander in Chief of the Army Group Vistula, and the Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz  as Commander in Chief of the Navy, he was appointed on 01-03-1945. commander of the 1st Marine Division and took over on 28 -02-1945 by the previous commander, Rear Admiral Hans Hartmann , the official business. Hartmann survived the war and died, age 80, on 09-03-1976 in Neunkirchen-Seelscheid.
Bleckwenn enforced that the conversion of the troops to a combat division was initiated according to the scheme of a Volksgrenadier Division of the army and the positions of regimental and battalion commanders were immediately filled with army officers. With effect from 01-03-1945 changed Bleckwenn from the command area of the army in the command area of the High Command of the Navy (OKM).
Wilhelm Bleckwenn was captured by British troops in 1945 and was held until  July 1947 and handed over to the French where he was falsely accused of war crimes but was excused soon.
Very soon it was passed on by the Americans to the British, who at the end of May 1945 transferred it to the interrogation center in Kensington Palace in London, the so-called ‘London District POW Cage’ , where high-ranking German officers were examined for possible involvement in war crimes . The external conditions there were inhumane; the methods of interrogation used included brutal torture. In January 1946 he was taken to a prisoner of war camp in Wales, the Island Farm “Special Camp 11” in Bridgend , where he was held for the next eighteen months. The inmates included his predecessor in the 1st Marine Division, Rear Admiral Hans Hartmann . At the beginning of August 1947 Bleckwenn was transferred again to Kensington Palace, where he was interrogated because of a possible involvement in war crimes on French soil. The British then extradited him to the French authorities and he spent a few months in their custody. He was released on 25-10-1947 and returned to his family in Stockelsdorf near Lübeck in Schleswig-Holstein in the winter of 1947/48 , where he found work. In February 1952 he lived in Saarbrücken , the capital of the French Protectorate Saarland , which was then separated from the Federal Republic of Germany . There he built up an existence, made contacts with fellow officers from the ranks of the army and, for almost two decades, exchanged letters with the last commander in chief of Army Group Vistula , Generaloberst ret. D. Gotthard Heinrici .

Death and burial ground of Bleckwenn, Wilhelm Hermann.

He was released on 25-10-1947 and Bleckwenn, a real Prussian soldier, retired in Saarbrücken, where he at the old age of 82 died, on 10-05-89, exactly 49 years after the invasion of our Netherlands, (see About) 10-05-1940. For almost two decades, he had an exchange of letters with the last commander-in-chief of Army Group Vistula, Generaloberst a.D. Gotthard Heinrici.    The resistance man Willi Graf  of the White Roses Group with Hans and Sophie Scholl, is also buried in Saarbrücken.
    Wilhelm Bleckwenn is buried with his wife Marianne, born Geraldy, who died age 83 in 1989, on the Hauptfriedhof of Saarbrücken.


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