Anami, Korechika.

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Anami , Korechika
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Anami , Korechika, born in Taketa on 21-02-1887and  where his father, Nao Anami, was a senior bureaucrat in the Home Ministry and grew up in Tokyo and in Tokushima Prefecture. He attended the 18th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Infantry in December 1906. In November 1918, Anami graduated from the 30th class of the Army Staff College with the rank of captain. He was assigned to the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff from April 1919 and was promoted to major in February 1922. From August 1923 to May 1925, he was assigned to the staff of the Sakhalin Expeditionary Army, which was responsible for the occupation of northern Sakhalin island during the Japanese intervention in Siberia. Anami was promoted to lieutenant colonel in August 1925.From August to December 1925, Anami was sent as a military attaché to France. On his return to Japan, he was assigned to the 45th Infantry Regiment, and became unit commander in August 1928. From August 1929 to August 1930, Anami served as Aide-de-camp to Emperor Hirohito.  He was then promoted to colonel. From August 1933 to August 1934, Anami served as regimental commander of the 2nd Guard Regiment of the Imperial Guards. He was subsequently Commandant of the Tokyo Military Preparatory School, and promoted to Major General in March 1935.
A General in the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II and was War Minister at the surrender of Japan. He was commissioned as a he became Chief of the Personnel Bureau in March 1937 and was promoted to Lieutenant General in March the following year. He was also a member of the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War, known as the Big 6 since it had six members. The Big 6 was highly influential upon the Cabinet. The Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs,  the pilot of the Enola Gay  was Paul Tibbets (see Georg “Bob”Caron) the tailgunner of the of the Enola Gay, he also made the famous picture of the mushroom cloude + (Richard Nelson) the radio operator of the Enola Gay and the Soviet Union’s (Josef Stalin) declaration of war on Japan failed to sway Anami. He demanded that Japan “must fight to the end no matter how great the odds against us, unless four conditions were accepted by the Allies.

Death and burial ground of Anami , Korechika.

On 14-08-1945, Anami signed the surrender document with the rest of the cabinet. A few days before the surrender, officers came to visit him to propose a coup d’état (the Kyūjō incident), but Anami refused and ordered his officers to give up their plan. must obey my emperor. After the unsuccessful attempt to carry out a state coup on the night of 15-08-1945 he then attempted to commit suicide by “hara kiri”, stomach-cutting, early the next morning, at the age of 58. Refusing to accept a coup de grace after opening his abdomen, he lived for almost an hour until a medical corpsman administered a fatal injection at 7.30 AM.  Anami’s son Anami Koreshige  served as Japan’s ambassador to China from 2001-2006. His sword and blood-splattered dress uniform and suicide note are on display at the Yushukan Museum next to Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo. Anami is buried at Tama Reien Cemetery, in Fuchu, Tokyo. Close by the graves of the Russian spy, Richard Sorge, General, Commander of the IJA 10thDivision, Kazushige Ugaki, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
, Admiral, Nishizo Tsukahara, General, commander 4thFleet, the Principal of Naval Academy in Eta-jima, Shigeyoshi Inoue and General, “Tiger of Maleisië” Conqueror of Nederlands Oost-Indië,Tomeyuki Yamashito.
         

 

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