Adam, Kurt

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Adam, Kurt, born 08-07-1897 in Stuttgart, started his career on 04-08-1914, like most young guys as a Fahnenjunker. He climbed up the ranks until becoming Generalmajor, on 01-04-1945. He was a World War I volunteer and Officer Aspirant in the 13th Field Artillery Regiment, on 04-08-1914, but retired due to an illness since 24-09-1914. Reactivated in the German Army Service on 01-08-1915 and came home in 1918 with many disappointed comrades.

 He stayed in the 100.000 men new Reichswehr and on 10-11-1940 he became the first General Staff Officer of the 1st Army High Command. Adam was promoted to Oberst on 01-04-1941 and from 01-10-1941 assigned as Chief of the General Staff of the XXV Army Corps  . Adam landed in the Führer Reserve (see Hitler) (did you know) (see William Hitler) on 20-04-1943 and started a Regiment Command Training. On 10-07-1943 Adam was appointed as Substitute Regiment’s leader of the Army Group South. From 15-07-1943 he was commander of the 687th Grenadier Regiment. Am 10-02-1944 appointed to Divisionsführer of the 111th Infantry Division succeeding Generalmajor Erich Gruner . Gruner was killed in battle  on 12-05-1944 in Crimea, age 49. After the failure of the German summer offensive at Kursk, or Operation Citadel the German army was forced to retreat, the 111th gradually rolled back to the West, defending the approaches to Melitopol to the end of September 1943, then to Nikopol until February 1944. The division then was switched to the defence of the Crimea,  where it was destroyed.   Soviet Guerrillas in Crimea, 1944. The last remnants were evacuated by ship in May 1944, and the division was officially disbanded. For their attack near Kursk, the Germans utilized three armies along with a large proportion of their total tank strength on the Eastern Front. The 9th Army, of Army Group Center and based north of the Bulge, contained 335.000 men (223.000 combat soldiers). In the south, the 4th Panzer Army   and Army Detachment “Kempf”, of Army Group South, had 223.907 men (149.271 combat soldiers) and 100.000 men (66.000 combat soldiers) respectively. In total, the three armies had a total strength of 778.907 men, with 518.271 being combat soldiers. Army Group South was equipped with more armored vehicles, infantry and artillery than the 9th Army. The 4th Panzer Army and Army Detachment “Kempf” had 1.377 tanks and assault guns, while the 9th Army possessed 988 tanks and assault guns.  The Soviets had massed about 1.300.000 men, 3.600 tanks, 20.000 artillery pieces, and 2.792 aircraft to defend the salient. This amounted to 26 per cent of the total manpower of the Red Army, 26 per cent of its mortars and artillery, 35 per cent of its aircraft, and 46 per cent of its tanks. The German Army suffered around 54.000 casualties and lost 252 tanks and assault guns in total during Citadel (July 5-16). In contrast, the Soviets suffered about 177.000 casualties, and their material losses amounted to 2.586 tanks and self-propelled guns (over 50%), roughly seven times the number of German losses. His promotion to Generalmajor was on 01-04-1945. Like many other Generals, he was in captivity since 08-05-1945 and came to the Island Farm Camp in England, until he was released on 30-06-1947.

Death and burial ground of Adam, Kurt.

Kurt Adams lived his further life in his home town Stuttgart and died there at the age of 75, on 24-01-1973. He is buried on the Pragerfriedhof in Stuttgart, near the grave of Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin
  and the Generalmajor der Infanterie, Hans von Speidel, adjutant of Marschall, Erwin Rommel
  Hans von Donat, Generalleutnant der Pioniere and Oberst of the Infanterie, Fritz Jaeger a 20 July Plot resistance member and his brother Franz, the Generaloberarzt Fritz Jaeger, General der Infanterie, Kommandeur Heeresgruppe Süd, Walter Buhle and Generalleutnant der Pioniere, Kommandeur der Wehrmachtwaffe, OKW, Gustav von Boehringer
, unfortunately Adam’s family didn’t pay the grave commission anymore and the gravestone is recently removed.

Cemetery location of Adam, Kurt.

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