Windsor, Henry William Frederick Albert

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Windsor, Henry William Frederick Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, born 31-03-1900 in York, Cottage, the third son of George V of the United Kingdom and Queen Mary at York Cottage, Sandringham, Norfolk, England. He was educated at Eton, the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, and at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1917 his name was legally changed to Henry William Frederick Albert Windsor.  Unlike his brothers, Prince Henry joined the Army instead of the Royal Navy.  He attended the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 1919. He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Thistle in 1931, decorated with the Royal Victorian Chain in 1932, and was invested as a Knight, Order of St. Patrick in 1934, and as a Knight Grand Cross, Order of St. Michael and St. George in 1935. On 06-11-1935, he married Lady Alice Christabel Montagu-Douglas-Scott. He served with The King’s Royal Rifle Corps and the 10th Royal Hussars before retiring from active service in 1937. He later served with The King’s Royal Rifle Corps and 10th Royal Hussars, before retiring from active service in 1937. Following the outbreak of World War II, he rejoined the Forces, serving as a Chief Liaison Officer. He was slightly wounded in 1940 when his staff car was attacked from the air. In 1940 he became second-in-command of 20th Armoured Brigade, nickname “Iron Fist” . On 12-09-1941, King George VI inspected 20th Armoured Brigade at Lakenheath in Suffolk during a parade and march-past of all the fighting vehicles in the Division. It was the first time that an entire armoured division – at that time over 14.500 men and 4.500 vehicles – had been formed up complete in the same place. The logistical challenges of staging the parade and the scale of the air threat sealed the fate of the Brigade, contributing towards the decision in 1942 to halve the tank strength of an armoured division. The Brigade continued to serve in Home Forces under various commands until 15 January 1943. At this time the Brigade became a training formation and its regiments, on conversion to the armoured reconnaissance role, were posted elsewhere. Many former brigade troops subsequently saw active service in North West Europe including operations in Normandy and into Germany. On 30-04-1943 the 20th Armoured Brigade was disbanded.

Death and burial ground of Windsor, Henry William Frederick Albert.

He was appointed a Field Marshal in 1955 and a Marshal of the Royal Air Force in 1958. With his son and heir’s death in an air crash in 1972, the Duke’s health deteriorated and he died at age 74, on 19-06-1974, at the family seat in Barnwell, Northamptonshire.
     He was the last surviving child of George V and Queen Mary. Windsor is buried on the Royal Burial Grounds of Frogmore, Windsor.
    
                     

 

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