and Duncan survived but never flew again, he died age 70, on 24-04-1965. Höhne retired from the Service in December 1918 and served in several Freikorps units in Silesia in the early 1920s. He reactivated in January 1930 as the leader of the Military Pilot School, in Breslau-Gandau until 30-06-1934, that same day Adolf Hitler
(did you know
) murdered his SA opponents in the “Knight of the long Knives”,
in Bad Wiessee. Ernst Röhm
, Edmund Heines
, August Schneidhuber
and Theodor Eicke
The Night of the Long Knives between 30 June and 2 July 1934 saw the killing of approximately 82 SA men, including almost its entire leadership, effectively ending the power of the SA. As a squadron commander with Kampfgruppe 54, he briefly flew with the Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War, and took part in the Luftwaffe’s show of force during the annexation of Czechoslovakia. At the beginning of World War II, Höhne was in Hermann Goering’s
(did you know
) Luftwaffe as the Group Commander of the 254th
Bomber Wing and at the same time Air Base Commander in Fritzler until 21-06-1940. Höhne as a Air Fighter in the Squadron “Totenkopfgeschwader” was involved in the bomb attack on Rotterdam, Netherlands, on 14-05-1940, (see Jan Ackermans
and (see About
). The centre of the city was destroyed and around 900 civilian persons died. He was appointed to commander of the 54th
Bomber Wing to 15-08-1941 and severely wounded in hospital from 15-08-1941 to 31-08-1943 after an air accident. Commander of the Air War School in Fürstenfeldbrück
and at the same time Airport Area Command A, 12/VII to 08-05-1945. His son, Joachim Höhne,
served in the Luftwaffe as well, first as a Flak gunner and then as an ME163 Komet pilot with JG 400.
Höhne was a pioneer ace. He was the first pilot to score a victory while flying the Albatros Doctorate. During World War I he was a recipient of the Knight”s Cross of the Iron Cross, which was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.
Otto was married twice with three children from the first and two from the second marriage with Hildegard, Dorothea “Dorli” and doctor and writer Claudia, who died in 1975 Jost Gudelius. Colonel of the mountain troops of the Bundeswehr as well as mountain and ski guides) married (four children) and expanded and expanded the house on Raut in Jachenau (between the districts of Tannern and Orth), which Otto and Hildegard had built from spring 1948.
Death and burial ground of Höhne, Otto Paul Wilhelm.