Schneidhuber, Ludwig Ernst August.

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Schneidhuber, Ludwig Ernst August, born 08-05-1887 in Traunstein, the son of the judicial officer,of  the Bavarian Cadet Corps, Johann Ludwig Schneidhuber and his wife Babette Schneidhuber, was a WWI veteran, started as Fahnrich with the 1st Foot Artillery Regiment, finished the war as a Major. In 1920 he retired from the army. In later years, Schneidhuber was referred to as a “major”. In the 1920s, Schneidhuber worked as a farmer. According to Hitlerjugend-Führer Baldur von Schirach, Schneidhuber came into contact with the National Socialist movement at an early age. In 1921 he was a member of the residents’ armed forces and, for the first time, the NSDAP. He lived in Chiemgau. From 1924 to 1925 he headed the German-League of Officers in Rosenheim..It is proven that Schneidhuber joined the Sturmabteilung (SA), the military arm of the Nazi movement, in 1928 at the latest, in which he took a leading position almost immediately: Schneidhuber became a SA Führer , assigned from 1929-1931 to Führer of the SA Gruppe South, Munich. 1931 Führer der SA Gruppe West, in Koblenz and from 1932 Führer der SA Obergruppe VII, Munich. As part of the reorganization of the SA, Schneidhuber had previously tried to enforce his own ideas regarding the structure and organization of the party army with an extensive memorandum that he submitted to Adolf Hitler, but was largely rejected by Hitler. In the summer of 1931, there were violent differences between Schneidhuber and his superior Ernst Röhm – to which the relationship was tense anyway after Röhm’s and not Schneidhuber’s reform ideas on the SA by Hitler were carried out – after Schneidhuber accused the SA boss of his , Schneidhubers, to intervene head-on in the interests of the SA Group South. On 16-05-1931 Schneidhuber announced his resignation as head of this group. After lengthy arguments, Schneidhuber tried to turn Hitler in his favor, but he stood behind Röhm. After numerous of the sub-groupings of Schneidhuber subordinate to him had expressed their trust in writing, a balance between Röhm and Schneidhuber was reached in the autumn of 1931 under circumstances that were not completely clarified. Before the balance with Röhm, Schneidhuber was one of the supporters of the Stennes-Putsches, but also because he rejected Röhm’s homosexuality that had become public. The Stennes coup was an internal party conflict within the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, in which SA men occupied a party building of the NSDAP in Berlin on 01-04-1931. The “putsch” against Adolf Hitler failed. On 01-04-1931 several hundred SA men had occupied the party building in Hedemannstrasse in Berlin. The aim of this campaign was to prevent the successor to Oberführer Hauptmann retired Walther Stennes, who had been appointed by Adolf Hitler, from entering. In the fall of 1922, Stennes joined the Schwarze Reichswehr. He directed the military training of nationalist young men at Fort Hahneberg. In October 1923 he took part in the Küstriner Putsch and took his heavily armed men into Fort Hahneberg, but the Reichswehr was able to force them to surrender. After the National Socialist takeover in spring 1933, Stennes was temporarily arrested and then emigrated to China with his wife and daughter. Stennes returned to Germany in 1949 and died in Fürstenberg, age 94 on 18-05-1989.

Schneidhuber became in 1932 member of the Reichstages, Wahlkreis Hessen-Darmstadt and was in 1933 Police President in Munich and friend of SA leader, Ernst Röhm.

1934 SA-Obergruppenfuhrer und Fuhrer der SA-Obergruppe VII Schneidhuber was personally arrested by Adolf Hitler (did you know) in Munich at dawn on 30-06-1934 and taken by the SS to the Stadelheim prison (cell 504). Schneidhuber didn’t agree with the homosexual activities of Ernst Röhm and was married with the Jewish Ida Franziska “Franzi” Wassermann on 07-06-1892 in München, the couple had two daughters, Elisabeth Gertrud Wilhelmina (bornr 13-12-1914) and Marianne (born 05-12-1919). and divorced in 1920. Ida landed in the concentration camp Theresienstadt, survived and was liberated on Mai 1945. She died in 1978. Schneidhuber’s second marriage was with Annemarie Wölkerling. From this marriage the daughter Barbara (born 18-06-1923), the son Otto (born 10-05-1926) and the daughter Adelheid (born 18-06-1929) emerged., 

Death and burial ground of Ludwig Ernst August Schneidhuber.

In prison Schneidhuber was soon joined by other members of the SA leadership. The Night of the long Knives.  After brief formalities Hitler signed the death warrants for Schneidhuber and several other high SA leaders. Wilhelm Schmid, age 45,  Hans Hayn, age 37,  Hans-Adam Otto “Peter”, age 34  Edmund Heines and Hans Erwin von Spredi, age 25 . The sentences of execution were carried out the evening of the same day by an SS squad under the direct command of the former butscher, SS Oberstgruppenfuhrer, Sepp Dietrich.

 Schneidhuber’s last words were reportedly addressed to Dietrich: “Comrade Sepp, this is madness! We are innocent!” Sepp’s reply : “You have been condemned to death by the Fuhrer for high treason. Heil Hitler!” Schneidhuber is buried on the Ostfriedhof of Munich.

Schneidhuber was married to Annamarie Wölberlin, earleir married with Franziska Ida Schneidhuber and father of two children.

Close by the graves of Hitler’s WWI sergeant Max Amann,  further away the Nazi doctor SS Gruppenführer, Karl Gebhardt, Generalmajor der Kavallerie,   Rudolf Gersdorff,  he wanted to blow himself together with Hitler, SS Gruppenführer, stayed in the Führerbunker till the end, Johan Rattenhuber, Nazi Banker, Hjalmar Schacht, Hitler’s adjutant, SS Obergruppeführer, Julius Schaub, Flyer Ace Oberst, Kommandeur ./N.J.G.1 ,  Werner Streib and Hitler’s secretary, Christa Schroeder and  secretary, Johanna Wolf.


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