Forster, Edmund, born on 03-09-1878 in München, the son of Josef Forster, physician and professor at the University of Strasbourg, first studied medicine at several universities. In 1901 he obtained his doctorate and specialized in neurophysiology . In 1909 he taught at the Charité University Hospital in Berlin. Four years later, in 1913, he became an associate professor. After the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, Forster was posted to the Imperial Navy. The following year he was sent to Belgium. From 1918 he started working at the Pasewalk military hospital.
For his merits he receives the Iron Cross First Class . When the war ended, Edmund Forster resumed his career as a professor of medicine. On 30-04-1925, he became a teacher at the University of Greifswald. At the same time, he joined the Scientific Senate for Army Health. In 1933, after the Nazis came to power, Forster was accused of favoritism towards Jewish doctors. On August 31 of the same year, he was officially suspended for open criticism of National Socialism. Reduced to inactivity, he committed suicide twelve days later. He is the father of the professor of medicine Balduin Forster (1920-1999).
Supposed treatment of Adolf Hitler:
The soldier 1st class and later ‘Gefreiter’ Adolf Hitler had volunteered around the start of the war with the 16th Bavarian infantry regiment, which was soon deployed on the Western Front. Barely a few months later, in Hollebeke, a hamlet near Ypres, Hitler was wounded for the first time by a graze to the head. He was taken for treatment to a makeshift field hospital in Mesen. In October 1916, in the fighting at the Battle of the Somme, Hitler was wounded a second time by a bullet in the leg, and towards the end of the war, Hitler was temporarily blinded by a British attack with yperite. Hitler, traumatized by the poison gas attack, was admitted to the military hospital in Pasewalk for treatment, where he was treated by Forster. This one was not tender with his diagnosis. Forster would later describe Hitler as a paranoid hysterical hypochondriac with an unstable personality. Three months later, the war had ended in the meantime, Hitler was demobilized and, bitter and frustrated, he entered civilian life. Forster could not have imagined then that the man he cared for in Pasewalk would be his downfall ,. There is no evidence to confirm this stay, as the future dictator’s medical record was probably lost in the 1920s. In his book Mein Kampf, Hitler reports that he was said to have gone blind after a gas attack and that “after a short recovery , his blindness would have suddenly returned in the face of the shock of the news of the surrender in November 1918 . To the extent that he would have become aware of his importance to Germany at the time of his hospitalization in Pasewalk, his early biographers strongly accentuated this episode to forge the myth of the Führer.
There is no document showing that Hitler and Forster actually met on Pasewalk. During World War II, US intelligence services investigated the personality of the German dictator and, in particular, collected the testimony of the exiled physician Karl Kroner who claimed that Forster had examined Hitler during his hospital stay, on this occasion being diagnosed with hysterical disorders. posed. Karl Kroner (born 21-08-1878 in Berlin ; † 06-02-1954 in Iceland ) was a German doctor and psychiatrist.
After the war he worked as a doctor in various hospitals in and around Berlin. He opened his own practice in the late 1920s. After the November pogroms in 1938 , Kroner, who was a Jew, was interned in Sachsenhausen concentration camp and, after his release, traveled to Reykjavík , where – although he was now a specialist in neurology and internal medicine – he was unemployed or only found odd jobs. Kroner had been married with the doctor Irmgard geb. Liebich. Her son Klaus Kroner (1926-2010) later emigrated to the United States .
Independent of the research undertaken by the United States during the conflict, German author Ernst Weiss in his 1939 novel The Eyewitness described the fictional journey of a German soldier diagnosed with hysterical disorders in a Reichswher hospital. a literary doppelganger of Adolf Hitler. When numerous psychiatric studies were published about him in the 1970s, the theory that Forster had thoroughly examined Hitler in 1918 was established.
The psychiatrist’s suicide could therefore have been provoked by repeated pressure from the Nazi authorities, knowing that he knew too much about Hitler’s mental health.
Death and burial ground of Forster, Edmund
On August 28 the Greifswald University authorities interviewed Edmund’s colleagues in an attempt to substantiate the accusations (they included fraud and sexual misconduct with female staff) made by a student named Oklitz. First to give evidence against Forster was Edith Braun, a nurse, who confirmed that he had openly expressed his anti-Nazi and anti-Hitler views.
But she had to retract some of her accusations. They were based only on hearsay. Those witnesses she named as supporting her allegations, declined to do so.
Despite this, on September 4, the curator, an early and enthusiastic Nazi supporter, discussed Forster’s case with five professors all of whom found against their colleague. Despite the fact that the only charge that could be proved was a two-year-old love affair with one of his female assistants. The curator was asked to persuade Forster to resign of his own accord by promising a generous pension.
At 8 o’clock in the morning of Monday September 11, 1933, his wife, Mila found her husband lying dead in the bathroom. He had been shot at close range and a pistol, which no one in the family knew he even possessed, lay beside him.
Many questions soon arose about his so-called suicide. To this day, some historians are still of the opinion that Forster’s death was more than likely a murder orchestrated by Adolf Hitler to mask all traces of his hysterical hypochondria and schizophrenic paranoid traits for which he was cared for at Pasewalk. Although no hard evidence has ever been found to support this hypothesis, the circumstances in which Forster died are strange to say the least.
During a meeting with the German émigré writers in Paris a month earlier, he had said in a resigned tone of voice that it would soon be his turn and that none of them should be surprised if, one day, they heard Professor Forster had committed suicide. They should interpret it in the same way as news about someone hanging himself in a cell or accidentally falling out of a window.
Yet things remain shrouded in mystery. For example, there is the fact that Hitler’s medical record from his hospitalization in Pasewalk was never recovered and thus presumably destroyed. There is also the statement that Hitler’s later personal physician Theodor Morell (1886-1948)
made to the Americans, in which he admitted that from 1935 on he had been treating Hitler on an almost daily basis with all kinds of preparations and injections of opiates, amphetamines and barbiturates. This testimony, too, was silently brushed aside and the official statement remained that the physical and mental decline that Hitler clearly showed at the end of the war was purely due to stress.
Forster, Edmund “committed suicide” on 11-09-1933, age 55, in Greifswald and is buried at the Neuer Friedhof/ cemetery in Griefswald, where it can be found today in a corner of the graveyard cemetery, neglected and overgrown with weeds..