Clark, Mark Wayne “Contraband”

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Distservmedal.jpgArmy distinguished service cross medal.jpgNavyDSM.pngDe Medal Of Honor (van links naar rechts) voor de landmacht (Army), de marine (Navy) en de luchtmacht (Air Force)
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Clark, Mark Wayne “Contraband”, born on 01-05-1896 in Sackets Harbour, but spent much of his youth in Highland Park, Illinois, while his father, a career infantry officer, was stationed at Fort Sheridan. His mother was the daughter of Romanian Jews but Clark was baptized Episcopalian while a cadet at West Point. download  known as “Contraband” by his classmates because of his ability to smuggle sweets into the barracks, graduated in class 139, from West Point in April 1917. During World War I, he led a company of soldiers in 1917 and served in France  in the U.S. IIth Infantry Regiment, part of the 5th Infantry Division, `Red Diamont` , and was seriously wounded by shrapnel, in the Vosges Mountains. After the war, Clark’s abilities were noticed by General George Catlett Marshall . During World War II, Clark’s duties in this succession of assignments was to plan and direct the training of units for the invasion of North Africa known as Operation Torch. He was the Allied Commander in Italy. He is known for ordering the destruction of the abbey at Monte Casino.
 Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-2005-0004,_Italien,_Monte_Cassino  All the fire has been from the slopes of the hill below the wall”. Clark pinned down the Commander-in-Chief Allied Armies in Italy, General Sir Harold Alexander “You give me a direct order and we’ll do it”, he did. Clark’s conduct of operations in Italy is controversial, particularly his actions during the Battle of the Winter Line. Pope Pius XII thanked Clark for liberating Rome. Clark being awarded the Distinguished Service Cross by President Franklin D. Roosevelt   in Castelvetrano, Italy, December 13-12-1943. The American military historian Carlo D’Este called Clark’s decision to take Rome “as militarily stupid as it was insubordinate”. Although Clark described a “race to Rome” and released an edited version of his diary for the official historians, his complete papers became available after his death. His subsequent entry into Rome and Vatican City in 1944 ignoring orders, the action which allowed the escape of the German 10th Army, who joined their countrymen at the Transimene Line. Carlo D’Este  (born 1938 in Oakland, California is an American military historian and biographer, author of several books, especially on World War II. He is a retired U.S Army Lieutenant Colonel In Vatican City he was welcomed by Msgr Caroll, a native of Pittsburg,   who was a diplomat assigned to the Vatican Secretariat of State. Msgr Caroll died in 1950 at the age of 41. He had two brothers and they became bishops. Both Sir Winston Churchill and General Dwight “Ike’ Eisenhower considered him a brilliant staff officer and trainer.
 482px-Mark_w_clark_1943 Clark won many awards, including the Distinguished Service Cross for extreme bravery in war, subordinate only to the Medal of Honor. He was promoted to General on 10-03-1945, and at the war’s end Clark was Commander of Allied Forces in Italy and later, U.S. High Commissioner of Austria. On 20-10-1951, he was nominated by President Harry Shipp Truman to be the United State emissary to the Holy See. Clark married Maurine Doran, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Doran of Muncie, Indiana., 17-05-1924. Mrs. Clark died 0 5-10-1966.

Death and burial ground of Clark, Mark Wayne “Contraband”.

 Their son is Major William Doran Clark, U.S.A. (Ret.), and their daughter Patricia Ann (Mrs. Gordon H. Costing). Clark continued to live in Charleston until his death of cancer, at the old age of 87, on 17-04-1984. He had asked to be buried on the Citadel campus, Charleston South Carolina.
 

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