Alexander, “ Earl of Tunis” Harold Rupert Leofric George, born in London 10-12-1891, was a British military commander and Field Marschal of Anglo-Irish descent, who served with distinction in both World Wars. He rose to prominence through his service in the First World War, receiving numerous honours and decorations. During his service on the Western front, Alexander was wounded twice in four years of fighting. For his bravery and sacrifice, he received in January 1916 the Military Cross. He was the life and soul of the attack, and throughout the day led forward not only his own men but men of all regiments. He held the trenches gained in spite of heavy machine gun fire. Earl Alexander was also inducted into the French Légion d’Honneur. After the defeat in France in 1940, he successfully led the division’s withdrawl to Dunkirk.
Alexander, “ Earl of Tunis” Harold Rupert Leofric GeorgeBack to all people
Alexander continued his military career through various British campaigns across Europe and Asia, in World War II. Alexander was as a high ranking commander in North Africa and Italy. He commanded the 15th Army Group in Sicily and later again in Italy before being made Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean. Alexander presided over Montgomery’s victory at the Second Battle of El Alamein and the advance of the Eighth Army to Tripoli, for which Alexander was elevated to a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. Alexander was concurrently promoted to the rank of Field Marshal, though this was backdated to the fall of Rome on 04-06-1944, so that Alexander would once again be senior to Bernard Montgomery, who had himself been made a Field Marshal on 01-09-1944, after the end of the Battle of Normandy. (see Philippe Kieffer). Franz Gockel a German Soldier of 726th Infantry Regiment
claimed to have shot hundreds of American soldiers of the 116th Infantry Regiment on Omaha Beach, stationed at his Widerstandnest 62, with his Czech watercooled MG, machinegun, a booty of the Chechian invasion of 1939. A teenage soldier in the Wehrmacht, Gockel had his 18th birthday while serving as a gunner in a ‘resistance nest’ Nr 62, with 726th Grenadier Regiment, on Omaha beach. He was shot in the hand and evacuated to Paris before serving again and being captured b y the Americans. After 18 months in custody he was released and returned to his home town of Hamm, where he set up a roofing company and still lives with his wife. Gockel has made regular trips to Normandy since shortly after the war, and has many friends there. Franz Gockel died age Franz Gockel died age 79, from diabetic, 22-11-2005 in Rhijnern. The 116th Regiment casualties on D-Day, KIA: 349, WIA: 422, and MIA: 26, total 797. . the 1st , nickname “The Big Red One” and 29th , nickname “Blue and Gray” divisions held positions around Vierville, Saint-Laurent, and Colleville—nowhere near the planned objectives, but they had a toehold. The Americans suffered 2.400 casualties at Omaha on June 6, but by the end of the day they had landed 34.000 troops. The German 352nd Division lost 20 percent of its strength, with 1.200 casualties, but it had no reserves coming to continue the fight. Rewarded for his leadership in North Africa and Italy, opponents Generalfeldmarschall der Panzertruppe, Erwin Rommel and Generalfeldmarschall der Flieger, Albert Kesselring. Alexander, along with a number of other prominent British Second World War military leaders, was elevated to the peerage on 01-03-1946 by King Georg V he was created Viscount Alexander of Tunis.
Alexander retired in 1954 and died 15 years later at the age of 77, on 16-07-1969, after heart failure, when he was interred at Ridge, Hertfordshire. He is buried on