Christian X, born on 26-09-1870, in Copenhagen was King of Denmark from 1912 to 1947 and the only King of Iceland between 1918 and 1944. In contrast to his brother, King Haakon VII of Norway, and Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, who went into exile during the Nazi occupation of their countries, Christian X remained in his capital throughout the occupation of Denmark, being to the Danish people a visible symbol of the national cause (although it is important to note that Norway’s King Haakon VII was forced to escape the invading Germans after refusing to accept a Nazi-friendly puppet regime). During the Nazi occupation Christian’s official speeches were often little more than an echoing of the government’s official policy of cooperation with the occupying forces, this did not prevent him from being seen as a man of “mental resistance”. In spite of his age and the precarious situation, he took a daily ride on his horse, “Jubilee” through his city—not accompanied by a groom, let alone by a guard. While acknowledging greetings from the Danish population, he would studiously ignore the punctilious salutes of German military personnel. In 1942, Adolf Hitler (did you know) (see Alois) sent the king a long telegram congratulating him on his 72nd birthday. The king’s reply telegram was a mere, Meinen besten Dank. Chr. Rex, My best thanks, King Chr. This perceived slight greatly outraged Hitler (see Hitler parents) and he immediately recalled his ambassador from Copenhagen and expelled the Danish ambassador from Germany.
As a German pressure also resulted in the dismissal of the government led by Vilhelm Buhl and its replacement with a new cabinet led by non-party member and veteran diplomat Erik Scavenius, who the Germans expected would be more cooperative. After a fall with his horse on 19-10-1942, he was more or less an invalid for the rest of his reign. Christian was married with Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in Cannes on 26-04-1898; she was a daughter of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia. She eventually became his queen consort.
She died age 73 on 28-12-1952. They had two children: Prince Frederick (1899–1972), later King Frederick IX of Denmark
who died age 72 on 14-01-1972 in Amalienborg Palace and Prince Knud (1900–1976), later Knud, Hereditary Prince of Denmark.
He died age 75 on 14-06-1976 in Kopenhagen.The role he had played in creating the Easter Crisis of 1920, had greatly reduced his popularity, but his obvious disdain for the German Wehrmacht, daily rides and the Telegram Crisis had once again made him popular to the point of being a beloved national symbol.
Death and burial ground of Christian X, Carl Frederik Albert Alexander Vilhelm.
Christian X died at the age of 76, on 20-04-1947 and is buried with his wife Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in the Roskilde Cathedral in Copenhagen. The grave pictures are kindly sent to me by Preben Clausen from Denmark and Maruisz Pazdziora took the picture.