Wilberg, Helmuth

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Wilberg, Helmuth, born 01-06-1880 in Berlin, joined the Füsilier-Regiment „von Gersdorff“ (Kurhessisches) Nr. 80 , on 18-04-1899, age 18. He was promoted to Leutnant on 27-01-1900. He followed a course on the Cadet School Naumburg and Gross-Lichterfelde from 1906 and became an Oberleutnant on 18-10-1909, age 29. He entered the Luftwaffe  in 1913 for a pilot training and in the fields of the first war as a Hauptmann and leader of the 11th Field Flyer Squadron and later as commander of the Flyer in the 4th Army. Wilberg was allowed in the Reichswehr and joined the Reichswehr Ministry . From 1929 until 1932 he was the commander of Breslau and retired as a Generalmajor. He was involved in the secret building of a new German Luftwaffe in Russia, forbidden by the Versailles Treaty. He was transferred again to the Goering Luftwaffe  in 1934 as department leader in the Reichs Air Ministry . Wilberg was in the meaning of the Nazi ideology a half Jew, but was declared as an “Arier” by Adolf Hitler himself in 1935. He was appointed as the Commander of the War Air School in Werder an der Havel in 1935 and later of the Higher Luftwaffe School in Berlin. Wilberg was one of the strategists of the “Blitzkrieg” and had a lot of influence in the German Air War Doctrine. In 1937 he was the raiser of the “Special Staff W” a leading group for the efforts of the Condor Legion in the Spanish civil war.

  The Condor Legion was a unit composed of volunteers from the German Air Force and from the German Army which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939. The Condor Legion developed methods of terror bombing which were used widely in the World War II shortly afterwards. The bombing of Guernica  was the most infamous operation carried out by the Condor Legion. Generalfeldmarschall der Flieger, Hugo Sperrle

  commanded the unit’s aircraft formations and General der Panzertruppe, Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma commanded the ground element. The Condor Legion claimed to have destroyed 320 Spanish Republican planes using aircraft (either shot down or bombed on the ground), and shot down another 52 using anti-aircraft guns. They also claimed to have destroyed 60 ships, including Spanish Republican Navy vessels. They lost 72 aircraft due to hostile action, and another 160 to accidents.

A total of approximately 16,000 German citizens fought in the Civil War, mostly as pilots, ground crew, artillery men, tank crew, and as military advisers and instructors. About 10,000 Germans was the maximum strength at any one time. Approximately 300 Germans were killed. During the course of the war, Germany sent 732 combat aircraft and 110 trainer aircraft to Spain. German aid to the Nationalists amounted to approximately £43,000,000 ($215,000,000) in 1939 prices (equivalent to 3 billion 2018 £).This was broken down in expenditure to: 15.5 percent used for salaries and expenses, 21.9 percent used for direct delivery of supplies to Spain, and 62.6 percent expended on the Condor Legion. No detailed list of German supplies furnished to Spain has been found. Franco had also agreed to sign over the output of six mines to help pay for German aid

In March 1938 Wilberg got the promotion to General of the Flieger character and with the beginning of the Poland invasion he was assigned as the Higher Flyer Training Command 4.

Death and burial ground of Wilberg, Helmuth.

   On his way to the funeral of Generaloberst der Flieger, suicide, Ernst Udet  on 20-11-1941, Wilberg age 61, crashed near Dresden and died. On 22-11-1941 famous air ace General der Flieger, Kommodore Jagd Geschwader 51 Werner Mölders also crashed on his way to this funeral ?? and didn’t survive. Wilberg is buried on the Parkfriedhof Berlin, suburb Lichterfelde. On the same cemetery is buried, old General and Chancellor, Kurt von Schleicher

Schleicher, Kurt von   and the Prosecutor of the Nurnberg Process, Robert Kempner.

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