Boeselager, Georg Freiherr von.

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Georg Freiherr von Boeselager

Boeselager, Georg Freiherr von, born 25-08-1915 in Kassel , Kingdom of Prussia, George became a German noblema and an Oberst in the Wehrmacht, who led rear security operations in the area of Army Group Centre, under command of General Fedor von Bock

  on the Eastern Front, calling for harsh measures, including shooting of all males in “gang-infested areas”.

Along with his younger brother Phiilipp von Boeselager,

  he participated in the 1944 20 July Plot to assassinate  Adolf Hitler. Phillipp was the fifth and the second surviving son of the nine children of Albert Dominikus Hyacinthus Antonius Johannes Hubertus Vitus Joseph Maria Freiherr von Boeselager (Bonn 15-06-1883-Heimerzheim, Kr. Euskirchen 20-05-1956), by his wife (they married in Kassel on 22-9-1910), Maria-Theresia Ferdinandine Antonie Alonsia Freiin von Salis-Soglio (1890–1968), daughter of Anton Joseph Alonsius Nepomuk Stanislaus Maria Freiherr v. Salis-Soglio (1860–1939),] of Gemünden and Mandel, Kreuznach, by Maria Adelheid Theresia Gräfin von Bissingen und Nippenburg (daughter of Ernst Maria Ferdinand Adam Johann Nepomuk Joseph Graf von Bissingen-Nippenburg) Soon after the plot failed, Boeselager was killed in action and was posthumously awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords.

Georg von Boeselager, born into the noble Boeselager family  . He an enthusiastic show-jumper wanted to study law after high school and then find a position in the foreign diplomatic service. Because he was thus supposed to represent the interests of Nazi Germany, which was not favorable to him, he entered the Wehrmacht cavalry in 1936 on the advice of his grandfather, in which he would eventually reach the rank of major. After enlisting in the army in 1934, he trained with a cavalry regiment . He became an officer in 1936 and in March 1939 was promoted to first leutnant. Boeselager took part in the invasion of Poland and was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class.  For his actions in the Battle of France (the bridging of the Seine near Les Andelys   on 13-06-1940), he was awarded the Iron Cross 1st Class. The following January, he won the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross . By July, he had been promoted to Captain.

In Operation Barbarossa  Boeselager’s company performed reconnaissance for the double-pronged sweep around Brest-Litovsk to take Bialystok and Minsk seized bridgeheads over the Neman and Daugava rivers, and participated in the Battle of Moscow. For accomplishing his duties with distinction, he was granted the Knight’s Cross with Oak leaves on 31 December 1941. He was then posted as instructor at the “School for Shocktroops” in Krampintz. While there, Boeselager became acquainted with members of the military resistance , who realised the war was not going well. He found that the crimes committed by SS units and the like against Jews, Gypsies and the Russian population of Eastern Europe were not empty talk or incidental cases but were deliberate policies of Nazi Germany. The first time he heard of this officially was when SS-Obergruppenführer Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski    in June 1942 at a meeting with General Field Marshal Kluge, Günther Adolf Ferdinand “Hans” von in which he was also present, announced that all Jews and Gypsies fell into their hands , were shot.

Boeselager took part in rear security operations conducted within the territory of the Soviet Union in the area of Army Group Centre. On 23-06-1943 as commander of Cavalry Regiment Mitte he sent a report to Henning von Tresckow  regarding tactics of partisans and ways to reduce “risk of gangs”, including his ideas on the subject; in the report he wrote:

It is impossible for a German soldier to distinguish between partisans and non-partisans… The regiment’s view is that the area must be subdivided into a) pacified areas, b) areas threatened by gangs, c) gang infested areas. In areas threatened by gangs the men should be permitted to leave town and work only in groups; all males passing through such areas alone or in small groups must be shot or imprisoned at once… The bandit infested area must be swept clean of all males. Up to specific point in time, males up to the age of 50 will be seized and turned over to the economic office as laborers. After the deadline, men in this area will be shot.

Tresckow warmly received Boeselager’s proposals and on 27 June he personally sent copies of Boeselager’s ideas to all the armies within Army Group Centre, High Command of the Army and the Commanding Officer of the Eastern Troops. These ideas were eventually implemented in the directive from SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler   (as chief of Bandenkampf, literally: “bandit fighting”) of 10-07-1943: “Gang-infested areas of northern Ukraine and the middle region of Russia are to be cleansed of all of its inhabitants”

After an audience with Field Marshal Günther von Kluge  commander of  Army Group Centre, Boeselager was assigned as Deputy Commander, Cavalry Regiments Centre, a freestanding cavalry force fighting on the Eastern Front. Boeselager made frequent trips to confer with Kluge, sometimes flying along with the field marshal’s staff on his transport plane.

According to a post-war account by Fabian von Schlabendorff  , at a 1943 field conference, the feasibility of an assassination of German dictator Adolf Hitler was discussed among some of the officers present, including Generalmajor Henning von Tesckow and Boeselager. After being wounded in February 1944, Boeselager was assigned in June to a rear echelon squadron. He began to plot a new attempt on Hitler with Tresckow.

Boeselager was dispatched by Tresckow to urge his old commander, Kluge, to change his strategy and to join the conspiracy against Hitler. Kluge was now Commander-in-Chief in the West. Tresckow wanted Kluge to open the front in the West, begin negotiations for peace with the British and the Americans, and transfer units to the Eastern Front to fight the Soviets. Hitler and his national socialists would be eliminated. As Tresckow envisioned it, Kluge would arrange for the former’s transfer so that he could help consolidate the coup. However, Kluge declined to participate in the plot or any planning. Boeselager continued to work with Tresckow and helped Wessel von Freytag-Loringhoven    in procuring the British Hexogen plastic explosive and other parts used in the bomb meant to kill Hitler (a fact that his friends who were tortured by Hitler’s security services never revealed). 

Boeselager’s younger brother, Philipp von Boeselager, later claimed that he and his brother began marching their columns on Berlin on July 20, in support of the plot, but hearing of the plot failure, turned around and were thus were not implicated in the plot. 

Death and burial ground of Boeselager, Georg Freiherr von.

    Boeselager was killed in action leading an assault against a heavily fortified Soviet position near Lomza on the Narew River, age 29, on 27-08-1944.  Two days later, he was posthumously promoted to Oberst and awarded the Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords. Georg von Boeselager is buried on the cemetery of  Burgfriedhof Heimersheim.

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