Blücher, Wolfgang, born on 31-01-1917 in Altengotten, Thüringen, was a Oberleutnant of the 1st Fallschirm Regiment . Commander of the Crete operation was General der Flieger, Kommandeur der 1st Fallschirmjäger Regiment, Kurt Student. Wolfgang was fighting near the airfield of Heraklion and in the afternoon killed in an attack by British tanks. He was one of three brothers Blücher who were killed during the Battle of Crete, all three of them on 21-05-1941. The von Blücher brothers were direct descendants of the Prussian General Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher , who commanded the Prussian army in its campaign in the Napoleonic War in 1815. The Battle of Crete was a battle during World War II on the Greek Island of Crete. It began on the morning of 20-05-1941, when Nazi Germany launched an airborne invasion of Crete under the code-name “Unternehmen Merkur”, “Operation Mercury”. Greek and Allied forces, along with Cretan civilians, defended the island. In light of the heavy casualties suffered by the paratroopres, Adolf Hitler (see Hitler parents), forbade further large scale airborne operations. However, the Allies were impressed by the potential of paratroopers and started to build their own airborne divisions. This was the first battle where the Fallschirmjäger (“parachute rangers”) were used on a massive scale. The third brother Lebrecht was missed in action and never found, so only two brothers, Wolfgang and Hans had a field grave, but reburied,
next to each other, on the war cemetery in Maleme, Crete. The commander of the 9th Fallschirmjäger Division on Crete, Generalmajor der Fallschirmjäger, Bruno Bräuer
Kommandeur der 9th Infantry Division on Crete, executed on 20-05-1947, is buried on Maleme cemetery too.
Four weeks after the battle the brothers’ mother, Gertrud (Freiin Marschall) von Nordheim (widowed Gräfin von Blücher), who had lost her husband in 1924, was informed that three of her four sons had been killed on the same day in the Battle of Crete. Her fourth son, Adolf Graf von Blücher, was released from duty and left the German navy (Kriegsmarine) to take care of the agricultural firm at home. He was accidentally shot and killed in 1944 while hunting.