Baar, Hilbrand Johannus.

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Baar, Hilbrand Johannes, born 12-08-1924 in Haren in Groningen, the Netherlands, the son of signal guard at the railways Arent Baar (Bierum, Groningen 1897) and maid Henderika Vrieling (Haren, Noord-Brabant 1900). He is the eldest of three children. Bram goes to the Mulo for 1.5 years, but stops because he wants to become a police officer or soldier. As a 15-year-old he became a grocer at the Albert Heijn Supermarkt. His family has since moved to Hulshorst in the Veluwe, because his father has been appointed station manager there. Baar works first in Putten and then in Nunspeet and gets his middle class diploma.

The family lives at Hulshorst station and during the war Jews and other undocumented train passengers quickly disappear into the house unseen when they step off the train. For many it is a hiding place and a stopover on the way to other hiding places. Only at the end of the war does this become too dangerous.Baar decides – in consultation with the resistance – to follow training as a police officer at the Westenberg Kazerne in Schalkhaar near Deventer at the end of 1942. This is a notorious place, because it was set up in July 1941 to breed pro-German Dutch police officers, who help the occupying forces arrest Jews and members of the resistance. As an agent, Baar is stationed in Nijmegen. There he guards a monastery where senior NSB police officers meet and there is a remnant of the Hague population register, which was brought to Nijmegen after a bombing in April 1944. At the request of the resistance, Bram has the identity cards of wanted resistance people disappear. He is later placed in Amsterdam, but finally hides on the sign of the resistance with uniforms and weapons. The National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands, NSB, under command of  Anton Mussert

  was a Dutch fascist and later Nazi political party that called itself a “movement”. As a parliamentary party participating in legislative elections, the NSB had some success during the 1930s. It remained the only legal party in the Netherlands during most of World War II. Anton Mussert after the war, he was convicted and executed for high treason on 07-05-1946, aged 51 in The Hague, Netherlands.

In consultation with the underground resistance, he was placed as an infiltrator in November 1942 at the Police Training Battalion (P.O.B) in the Westenberg Barracks in Schalkhaar. This training battalion had a particularly bad name because it was set up (in July 1941) by the occupying forces to train pro-German Germans who would help the occupying forces in arresting members of the resistance and Jews. Research from a more recent date reveals that within the Police Training Battalion, not everyone was an equal supporter of Nazi ideology.

The intention was that Baar would try to change the mentality from within. Among other things, he wrote a report in which he reported how the Germans tried to incite the aspiring agents to persecution of the Jews, the latter incidentally with limited success. He also tried to change the mentality by adapting lyrics from German songs.

Death and burial ground of Baar, Hilbrand Johannes.

During his service, he did work for the resistance. Baar went into hiding in September 1944. In January 1945 he was arrested by the Germans. He was shot on 02-03-1945, age 26, together with 45 others in Varsseveld. There is a war memorial in Varsseveld that commemorates the victims. His body was buried at the new municipal cemetery in Nunspeet.

On the “Honor Roll of Fallen 1940-1945” Wisch is mentioned as the place of death and the rank of Deputy Commander of the Interior Forces.

The parents of Hilbrand Baar, Arent Baar and Hendrika Vrieling received the Yad Vashem award for hiding Jews. They belong to the Dutch Just among the Peoples

 

 

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