Andrews, Frank Maxwell.

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Andrews, Frank Maxwell, born 03-02-1884 in Nashville, Tennessee, the son of James David Andrews (1857-1937) and his wife  Louisiana Adaline, born Maxwell Andrews, (1859-1932)  The grandson of a cavalry soldier who fought alongside Nathan Bedford Forrest and the great-great-nephew of two Tennessee governors, John C. Brown and Neill S. Brown. He graduated from the city’s Montgomery Bell Academy in 1901 and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1906 Andrews was a General Officer in the United States Army and one of the founding fathers of the United States Air Force. Andrews was the first head of a centralized American Air Force and the first air officer to serve on the Army’s General Staff. He didn’t see the battlefields in Europe during World War I and came to the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, Aviation Section, U.S. Signals Corps. In 1940, Andrews assumed control of the Air Corps’ Panama Canal Air Force and in 1941, he became commander of the Caribbean Defense Command, which had the critically important duty during World War II of defending the southern approaches to the United States, including the vital Panama C. He took the place of Dwight “Ike” Eisenhower   as commander of all U.S. troops in the European Theater of Operations. In March 1943, Frederick Andrews and Major General, Ira C. Eaker   commander of the Eighth Air Force in Britain, received the personal congratulations of Prime Minister, Winston Churchill   after a successful American bombing raid on the German submarine yards at Vegesack. Andrews was rated as a command pilot and had acquired 5.800 hours of flying, only 173 of which were flown as an observer. However, on 03-03-1943, during an inspection tour, Lieutenant General Andrews was killed, in crash of B-24d-1-co Liberator, 41-23728, of the 8th Air Force out of Raf Bovingdon, England, after an aborted attempt to land at the Royal Air Force station at Kaldadarnes, Iceland. Andrews and thirteen others died in the crash; only the tail gunner, Staff Sergeant George Anthony Eisel of Columbus, Ohio, survived. Others killed in the crash included Adna Wright Leonard, presiding Methodist bishop of North America, who was on a pastoral tour; Chaplains Colonel Frank L. Miller (Washington, D.C.) and Major Robert H. Humphrey (Lynchburg, Virginia), accompanying Bishop Leonard; Brigadier General Charles M. Barth (hometown Walter, Minn.), Andrews’ chief of staff; Colonel Morrow Krum (Lake Forest, Illinois), press officer for the ETO; Lieutenant Colonel Fred A. Chapman (Grove Hill, Alabama) and Major Theodore C. Totman (Jamestown, New York), senior aides to Andrews; pilot Captain Robert Harwood Shannon (Washington, Iowa), of the 330th Bombardment Squadron, 93rd Bomb Group; Captain Joseph T. Johnson (Los Angeles); navigator Captain James E. Gott (Berea, Kentucky); Master Sergeant Lloyd C. “George” Weir (McRae, Arkansas); Technical Sergeant Kenneth A. Jeffers (Oriskany Falls, New York); and Staff Sergeant Paul H. McQueen (Endwell, New York). The B-24D Liberator that crashed, named Hot Stuff, is on record as being the first heavy bomber in the 8th Air Force to complete 25 missions. The plane and its crew also flew 5 more before being pulled to go back to the United States. “Hot Stuff” flew the 25th mission on 07-02-1943, three and a half months before B-17 “Memphis Belle”, but as the B-24 was destroyed in the crash, the War Department chose to send the B-17 home and celebrate it as the first one.Andrews was the highest-ranking Allied officer to die in the line of duty to that time in the war.[9] At the time of his death, he was Commanding General, United States Forces, European Theatre of Operations. Camp Springs Army Air Field, Maryland, was renamed Andrews Field (later Joint Base Andrews Naval Air Facility), for him on February 7, 1945

Death and burial ground of Andrews, Frank Maxwell.

General Frank Andrews at the age of 59 and thirteen others died, in the crash. The pilot of the aircraft, Captain Robert H. Shannon
      the copilot Frank Andrews, four additional crewmen and eight passengers were fatally injured. The only survivor was the tail gunner, S/Sgt. George Anthony Eisel of Columbus, Ohio, he escaped with only minor injuries. Eisel would still die young, age 54, on 25-02-1964
U.S. Army personnel remove bodies from the wreckage of Andrews’ B-24 after it struck a mountain side in Iceland.
Frank Maxwell Anderson is buried with his wife Jeanette Allen, who died age 74 in 1962, on Arlington Cemetery, Virginia USA, Section 5-Grave 1885 photo. Close by in Section 5 the graves of the General, Provost Marshal, Headquarters, IX Corps, William Abendroth, Lieutenant General, Commander 3rd Armoured Division, The 3rd  Armored Division, nickname “Spearhead” File:3rd US Armored Division SSI.svg had 231 days of combat in World War II, with a total of 2.540 killed, 7.331 wounded, 95 missing, and 139 captured. Total battle and non-battle casualties came to 16.122Frederick Brown, also buried here, Clifton Cates, Navy Admiral, Commander Tenth Naval District, John Hoover and Admiral USA Navy, US 7th Fleet,Thomas Kinkaid. Also buried Major General, Commanding General of the Tenth Air Force, Clayton Lawrence Bissel.

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