Voronov, Nikolay Nikolayevich, born 05-05-1899 in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire joined the Red Army in 1918 and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1919. He distinguished himself during the Russian Civil War, being wounded and captured several times during the war. Voronov graduated from the Frunze Military Academy in 1930 and joined the Soviet mission to Italy in 1932, and he was sent to Spain in 1937 (using the nom de guerre “Voltaire”) to advise the Spanish Republican Army during the Spanish Civil War. In June 1937, he returned to Moscow as a decorated war hero, winning the Order of Lenin and the Order of the Red Banner; in 1939, he was awarded another Order of Lenin after fighting at the Battle of Khalkhin Gol. During the Invasion of Poland in 1939, Voronov commanded the Belorussian Military District’s artillery. He inspected the Leningrad Military District’s troops during the Winter War, and he was promoted to Colonel-General on 04-06-1940. He led the Southwestern Front’s artillery during the annexation of Bessarabia and northern Bukovina.
When Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, Voronov reinforced the air defense of Moscow, and he was made chief of the artillery on 19 July 1941. Voronov and Leonid Govorov
sent anti-tank instructions to Red Army troops as a Stavka directive, and Voronov organized anti-tank artillery in Leningrad, where he assisted in organizing counterattacks against the Axis forces during their siege of Leningrad. In July 1942, he became commander of the Soviet artillery at the Battle of Stalingrad, and he coordinated the Soviet artillery barrages during Operation Uranus. He later played a key role in the victories at the Battle of Kursk and the Second Battle of Smolensk in 1943, and he resigned from the Stavka in early 1944 due to health issues. He here with General Charles de Gaulle, helped to redeploy ammunition and artillery to the Eastern Front, and he became Chief Marshal of the Artillery on 21 February 1944.
Death and burial ground of Voronov, Nikolay Nikolayevich.
Voronov, Nikishov and Marshal Georgi Konstantinovich Zhukov during the Battle of Khalkin Gol In May 1946, Voronov here with Marshal Georgi Zhukov
began the establishment of the Academy of Artillery Sciences. He was also elected a deputy of the Soviet of the Union. In 1950, he was released from his position and became the president of the Academy of Artillery Sciences, responsible for developing strategic nuclear weapons. In 1953, he was appointed chief of the Military Artillery Command Academy in Leningrad. In October 1958, transferred to the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of Defence due to health issues, where he was until his death. In 1963, Voronov published his memoirs, titled ‘На службе военной’, or On Military Service. On 07-05-1965, he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union on the 20th anniversary of the end of World War II. On 23-02-1968, a tumor was discovered and Voronov was operated on 28-02-1968, but he died without regaining consciousness. His ashes are buried in the Kremlin wall in Moscow