Adam, Wilhelm, born 15-08-1877 in Ansbach, the son of a farmer, was already an older, high decorated, German General, who served during World War I as a company leader of a Bavarian pioneer unit. Adam joined the German Army in 1897, serving in Bavarian telegraph and Communication units, before being detached to the Bavarian War Academy in 1907. At the end of 1914 he became a General Staff Officer on the Staff of the Army High command. At the end of the World War I and awarded with several decorations, Adam served in various posts within the 100.000 men Reichswehr, with 8 Infantry and two calvary, from posts such as a liaison officer to the Bavarian Military Ministry and being an infantry battalion commander, in the 20th Infantry Regiment . By Adolf Hitler’s (did you know) rise to power, Adam was Chief of the Troop Office and later was commanding a division. Adam retired on the 31-12-1938, but he was recalled for service from 26-08-1939. At the end of the World War II he came into trouble again for his critical attitude about the war events, after he told his pessimism about Hitler and the development of the war events during a play of cards with a friendly forester from Grainau and muscian, Richard Strauss in their local cafe, in Garmisch Partenkirchen. Strauss the famous German composer and conductor, died old age 85, on 08-09-1949, in Garmisch. Their criticizing talks about the Führer and the war loss was reported to the Gestapo by the mayor of Garmisch, the first Nazi one. Adam escaped of pursuit by the help of SS Reichsleiter, Heinrich Himmler an old friend from before World War II. The letter Adam wrote Himmler, is in the History Institute of Münich. In 1933 he already had criticized the then Reichskriegsminister, Werner von Blomberg, a reason why he lost his post as commander of the VII Army Corps to Generalfeldmarschall, Walther von Reichenau , Von Reichenau died from wounds in battle near Lemberg, on 17-01-1942, age 57. At the disposal of the army for several years, because of his age,
In the expansion of the Reichswehr, he was appointed commander in military district VII on 01-10-1934. Even as a military commander, he continued to oppose the Nazi regime. He described leaving the League of Nations as “the first step into ruin”. On April 01-04-1935, he was promoted to General of the infantry. When exposed, he was appointed Commanding General of the 7th Army Corps. In the fall of 1935, Adam was due to be released from military service. Von Blomberg argued that he did not believe in National Socialism and therefore had to go. Field marshal Werner von Blomberg , however, changed his mind and Wilhelm Adam was appointed commander of the Wehrmacht Academy on 01-10-1935. On 01-03-1938, on Fieldmarshal Wilhelm Keitel‘s suggestion, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of Group Command 2. On a tour of Hitler’s visit to the west wall on 27-08-1938, Adam spoke openly about the low combat value and the low level of expansion of the west wall. Hitler then broke off the sightseeing trip furiously. In early autumn 1938, Adam agreed to take part in a conspiracy against Adolf Hitler. After this became illusory after the Munich Agreement, Adam asked for his farewell.Fieldmarshal Walther von Brauchitsch and Hitler agreed. On 15-11-1938, he was made available to the commander-in-chief of the army. He was retired on 31-12-1938. On 01-01-1939, he was granted the right to wear the uniform of the 98th Infantry Regiment. On this day he was also given the character of Generaloberst z.V. awarded. He was made available to the army until 31-05-1943, without mobilization.