Go to: Did You Know 1 – Did You Know 2 – Did You Know 3
Hermann Goering (see Goering Peter) was the most of his life morphine addicted, painted his feet and finger nails and played with little trains and toys.
1* During the occupation by the German army between 1940-45, about 10.000 Dutch women gave birth to a child of a German soldier. The most very young mothers were mostly abused, even by there own family and the children were pested for many years in the after war period. However, recent figures based on records at the archives of the German Wehrmacht (name of the German armed forces from 1935–45) indicate that the real number could be as high as 50,000.
The liberators in 1944 and 1945, English, Americans and Canadians, had about a 16.000 illegitimate children, the so called “liberation children”. Thousants of Dutch girls followed their lover abroad by boat and lived happy far from home.
Between 6,000 and 8,000 children were born to Danish mothers with German partners.
It is estimated that between 10,000 and 12,000 children were born to Norwegian mothers with German partners during the occupation. After the war these women especially, but also their children, were mistreated in Norway. The most famous of Norway’s war children is Anni Frid Lyngstad, a former ABBA singer and now Princess Anni-Frid Reuss of Plauen.
The number of war children born to French women in France in the years 1941-1949, whose fathers were German soldiers, is estimated to be 75,000 to 200,000. After the expulsion of German troops from France, those women who were known to have had relationships with German soldiers, were arrested, “judged” and exposed in the streets to hatred.
* The Russian Army used civilians, women and older people in uniform to ran against the guns and when the Germans had waste their ammunation, the soldiers came after them.
* The Nazis pirated the Harvard “fight song” to compose their Sieg Heil march.
* Austria and Vienna survived the war undamaged and Austrian people after the war “decided” not to talk about the war anymore, no guild and only Germany was blamed. But on an individual level, however, some 800.000 Austrians were drafted into the army (the German Wehrmacht), and another 150.000 served in the Waffen SS, an elite Nazi military unit, even more fanatic and aggresive as their German colleques. Austrians who rose to high rank in the German Army in WW2 include: Generalfeldmarschal Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli (honorary), SS–Obergruppenführer Ernst Kaltenbrunner, General der Panzertruppe Alfred Ritter von Hubicki, SS-Obergruppenführer Odilo Globocnik, SS Obergruppenführer Hanns Rauter, Generaloberst Alexander Löhr (Luftwaffe), General der Gebirgstruppe Franz Böhme and Generaloberst Dr. Lothar Rendulic. Austrian people, in 1938 Austria had 7 million inhabitants, voted 99.9% for Hitler as the Great Führer, but many were real war criminals.
No One, Adolf Hitler was an Austrian son and a dictator who started a crazy war, in which would die a number of 55 million people.
August Eigruber, (see Eigruber)Nazi Gauleiter of Reichsgau Oberdonau Landeshauptmann of Upper Austria,right after Germany’s unconditional was surrender in May 1945, Eigruber was arrested in the Salzkammergut by the United States Army, and he was questioned as a witness at the Nuremberg Trials. In the Mauthausen-Gusen camp trials, Eigruber was sentenced in March 1946 by the Dachau International Military Tribunal to death by hanging for his responsibility for crimes at Mauthausen concentration camp. The sentence was carried out in the prison yard at Landsberg Prison, Landsberg am Lech on 28-05-1947, age 39.
Lothar Rendulic was one of three Austrians who rose to the rank of Generaloberst in the Wehrmacht. He was tried at Nuremberg in 1948 and, though acquitted of deliberate scorched earth tactics in the Lapland war, was convicted of killing hostages in Yugoslavia and imprisoned. This sentence of twenty year was later reduced to ten years, and on 01-02-1951 Rendulic was released from the military prison in Landsberg am Lech in Bavaria. He died at Eferding, Austria, on 18-01-1971, age 83.
Johann Baptist Albin Rauter was a high-ranking Austrian-born Nazi war criminal. He was the highest SS and Police Leader in the occupied Netherlands and therefore the leading security and police officer there during the period of 1940-1945. He reported directly to the Nazi SS-chief, Heinrich Himmler (see Himmler), and in the second instance to the Nazi governor of the Netherlands, Arthur Seyss-Inquart. After World War II he was convicted in the Netherlands of crimes against humanity and executed by firing squad near Scheveningen on 24-03-1949, age 54. The location of his grave remains a state secret.
Arthur Seyss-Inquart (see Seyss Inquart) was an Austrian National Socialist official who served as Chancellor of Austria for two days – 11–13 March 1938 – before the Anschluss that merged Austria with Nazi Germany. During World War II, he served the Third Reich in the General Government of occupied Poland and as Reichskommissar in the Netherlands. At the Nuremberg Trials, he was found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to death by hanging at 16-10-1946, age 54.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner (see Kaltenbrunner) was an Austrian-born senior official of Nazi Germany during World War II. An Obergruppenführer in the Schutzstaffel (SS), between January 1943 and May 1945 he held the offices of Chief of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt, RSHA, Reich Main Security Office and President of Interpol. He was the highest-ranking member of the SS to face trial at the first Nuremberg Trials. He was found guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity and sentenced to death by hanging on 01-10-1946, age 43.
Franz Stangl was an Austrian-born SS commandant of the Sobibor and Treblinka extermination camps during the Operation Reinhard phase of the Holocaust. He was arrested in Brazil in 1967, extradited and tried in West Germany for the mass murder of 900.000 people, and in 1970 was found guilty and sentenced to the maximum penalty, life imprisonment. He died of heart failure six months later on 28-06-1971, age 63.
Franz Kutschera was an SS General and Gauleiter of Carinthia. As SS and Police Leader of the Poland’s Warsaw district, he was sentenced to death by Armia Krajowa ((AK) Polish Home Army) in agreement with the Polish government in exile and assassinated. The assassination, on 01-02-1944, code named Operation Kutschera a part of Operation Heads, was carried out in front of Kutschera’s Warsaw residency and near the Warsaw SS headquarters, Kutschera was 39 years old.
Gustav Wagner was an SS-Oberscharführer from Vienna, Austria. Wagner was a starter deputy commander of the Sobibor extermination camp in German-occupied Poland, where more than 200.000 Jews were gassed during Operation Reinhard. Due to his brutality, he was known as “The Beast” and “Wolf”. He lived in Brazil under the pseudonym Günther Mendel until he was exposed by Simon Wiesenthal () and arrested on 30-05-1978. Extradition requests from Israel, Austria and Poland were rejected by Brazil’s Attorney General. On 22-06-1979, the Brazilian Supreme Court also rejected a West German extradition request. In October 1980, Wagner was found with a knife in his chest in São Paulo. According to his attorney, Wagner committed suicide. His date of death was determined to be 03-10-1980, age 69.
Franz Konrad was an Austrian SS-Hauptsturmführer and an administrative officer responsible for the Werteerfassung or “valued acquisitions” in the Warsaw Ghetto. He earned the nickname “the King of the Warsaw Ghetto”. After the war, Konrad was arrested and convicted in the trial of SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen SS und Polizei Jürgen Stroop
for participating in the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto. On 06-03-1952 Konrad was executed, age 46, by hanging in Warsaw together with Stroop, age 56.
* ‘FLYING BOMB’ CASUALTIES
In the first four months of 1945, 1,275 persons were killed and 2,578 injured from V1 and V2 attacks on Britain. On the 27th of March the last V2 rocket fell on London killing 127 people and wounding 423.
* SHELL SHOCK
The US Army suffered a total of 929,307 cases of ‘Battle Fatigue‘ during the war. In June alone, in Normandy, an alarming 10,000 men were treated for some form of battle fatigue. Between June and November, 1944, this amounted to a staggering 26% of all US casualties.
* Bomber (Harris) died in the place, called Goring.
* Joseph Kramer (1906-1945), a commander of Bergen-Belsen, was known as the “Beast of Belsen.” When asked if he “felt anything” as he watched and participated in the deaths of thousands of men, women, and children, Kramer said he didn’t feel anything because he was following orders. He was later executed for crimes against humanity. His wife Irma Grese was even worse. She too was executed age 22, on 15-12-1945.
* During WWII, the Japanese launched 9,000 “wind ship weapons” of paper and rubberized-silk balloons that carried incendiary and anti-personnel bombs to the U.S. More than 1,000 balloons hit their targets and they reached as far east as Michigan. The only deaths resulting from a balloon bomb were six Americans, including five children and a pregnant woman, on a picnic in Oregon.
* The women pilots of Air Transport Auxiliary came from all countries and backgrounds. Although not allowed into combat, they demonstrated astonishing bravery in their supporting role: flying unarmed, without radios or instruments, and at the mercy of the weather and enemy aircraft, they delivered battle-ready planes to their male counterparts, the fighter pilots of the RAF.
* The Battle of the Bulge is the largest and most deadly battle for U.S. troops up to date, with more than 80,000 American deaths.
* The SS ran a brothel named “The Kitty Salon” for foreign diplomats and other VIPs in Berlin. It was wiretapped and 20 prostitutes underwent several weeks of intense indoctrination and training. They were specifically trained to glean information from clients through seemingly innocuous conversations.
* During WWII, hamburgers in the U.S. were dubbed “Liberty Steaks” to avoid the German-sounding name.
* Hitler’s private train was pulled by two locomotives and including two armoured railroad cars. The train was originally named ‘Amerika’ and after the United States entered the war the name was changed to ‘Brandenburg’ and was last used by Hitler on January 15, 1945, when he left the Führer Headquarters at Adlerhorst at 6pm and arrived back in Berlin the next day. This train was used by Hitler during the attack on Poland and during the war a total of thirteen H/Qs were built for Hitler including the underground bunker at the Reich Chancellery in Berlin. The balcony was added in 1937 by Albert Speer who had just been created Inspector General of Buildings in Berlin.
* The ace of all fighter aces of all nations is German fighter pilot Erich Hartmann (see Bubbi Hartmann) (“the Blond Knight”) with 352 “kills* Dambusters
Operation Chastise was an attack on Gwerman dams carried out on 16–17 May 1943 by Royal Air force No 617 Squadron, subsequently publicised as the “Dam Busters”, using a specially developed “bounching bomb” invented and developed by Barnes Wallis (see Wallis)
Wallis died old age 92, on 30-10-1979. The Möhne and Edersee Dams were breached, causing catastrophic flooding of the Ruhr valley and of villages in the Eder valley; the Sorpe dam sustained only minor damage. Two hydroelectric power stations were destroyed and several more were damaged. Factories and mines were also either damaged or destroyed. An estimated 1.600 people drowned. The damage was mitigated by rapid repairs by the Germans, with production returning to normal in SeptemberAccording to a recent, well-referenced web article by German Historian at least 1.650 people were killed: around 70 in the Eder Valley, and at least 1.579 bodies were found along the Möhne and Ruhr rivers, with hundreds missing. 1.026 of the bodies found downriver of the Möhne Dam were foreign prisoners of war and forced labourers in different camps, mainly from the Soviet Union. Worst hit was the city of Neheim at the confluence of the Möhne and Ruhr rivers, where over 800 people perished, among them at least 493 female forced labourers from the Soviet Union. (Some non-German sources erroneously cite an earlier total of 749 for all foreigners in all camps in the Möhne and Ruhr valleys as the casualty count at a camp just below the Eder Dam. * Stalin had three doubles and Hitler one “look a like”, his driver Julius Schreck
* His older son, Klaus, died aboard a torpedo boat off Selsey, England on 13 May 1944. The younger son, Peter, died aboard U-954 in the North Atlantic on 19 May 1943. The death of Peter in May 1943 might have had influence upon his decision to give up the efforts to starve the British isles the same month.* Although not generally known, Albert Göring, the younger brother of Reich Marshal Hermann Göring, was an outspoken anti-Nazi. Albert Goering was born in 1895. His father, Heinrich, was a German lawyer and government employee in the African colonies. Very quickly, it is noted that his true biologic father was his father-in-law and tuctor, baron Von Epeinstein with whom his mother Fanny takes part without doubt in a “ménage à trois”. Arrested several times by the Gestapo, each time being released by the intervention of the Reich Marshal. Albert was born near Mauterndorf in 1900 and became a successful businessman and in later life the Export Director at the Skoda Armament Works in Czechoslovakia. During his work there he helped many Jews escape the horrors of the Holocaust by forging his brother’s signature on their travel documents. The Jewish wife of composer Franz Lehar was one of those helped by Albert. Returning to Germany after the war he was everywhere shunned just because of his name. Living on a government pension he married his housekeeper as a sign of gratitude so she could receive his pension after he died. One week later, on 20-12-1966, he died in Munich, age 70.
* More than 650,000 Jeeps were built during WWII. American factories also produced 300,000 military aircraft; 89,000 tanks; 3 million machine guns; and 7 million rifles.
* William Hitler, a nephew of Adolf Hitler, was in the U.S. Navy during WWII. He changed his name after the war in Stuart Houston.
Uncle Adolf. Father Alois. William Hitler.
* Bernard Montgomery played golf regular on the golf court of Valkenswaard, South of the Netherlands, close to the front, during Operation Market Garden.
* The foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop was such a cocky that they called him “Ribbensnob”. At home his wife Annelies Henkell (see Annelies Henkell) was the boss and adviser in different political affairs.
* Joseph Goebels wanted to give up his role in the Nazi Party for his Chechoslovakian mistress Lida Baarová.
He wished to go to Japan, as an Ambassador, with his love, but Hitler refused when Magda Goebbels complained to him.
* An old B24 Liberator bomber, stripped of all equipment and fitted with a radio control system to be operated from a ‘mother’ plane after the B24 crew had baled out, blew up in mid-air during a trial flight in preparation for ‘Operation Aphrodite’ the code name for the bombing of the flying bomb sites on the Continent. An electrical malfunction triggered the explosion killing the pilot and co-pilot, on 12-08-1944. The pilot was the 28 years oldLieutenant Joseph Patrick “Joe” Kennedy, the older brother of John F Kennedy the future President of the USA.
* More Russians (military and civilians) lost their lives during the Siege of Leningrad than did American and British soldiers combined in all of WWII.
* The Nazis killed millions of Poles. But they thought that some Polish babies and children looked German and kidnapped about 50,000 of them to be adopted by German parents to become “Germanized.
The Dutch resistance man Gijsbert “Gijs” Visscher, from Eindhoven, Netherlands, escaped from his prison camp in Germany, came on board of the Wilhelm Gustloff, with more then 10.000 other fugitives. The boat was torpedoed by a Russian U boat and Gijs the only Dutch known passenger, survived with only 966 other and reached his country free, soon after.
* The country with the largest number of WWII causalities was Russia, with over 21 million.
* Several famous actors (see actors) were decorated during WWII. For example, Henry Fonda won a Bronze Star in the Pacific, Walter Matthau was awarded six battle stars while serving on a B-17 and David Niven was awarded the U.S. Legion of Merit. Christopher Lee was a pilot in the Royal Air Force and also won a number of awards
* For every five German soldiers who died in WWII, four of them died on the Eastern Front.
* Hitler kept a framed photo of Henry Ford, founder of the Ford Motor Company, on his desk. Henry Ford also kept a framed photo of the Nazi leader on his desk in Dearborn, Michigan. In Mein Kampf, Hitler included some anti-Semitic views attributed to Ford.
* It is estimated that 1.5 million children died during the Holocaust. Approximately 1.2 million of them were Jewish and tens of thousands were Gypsies.
* Eighty percent of Soviet males born in 1923 didn’t survive WWII.
* Between 1939 and 1945, the Allies dropped 3.4 million tons of bombs, which averaged to 27,700 tons per month.
* Russia and the Red Army were accused of several war crimes, including systematic mass rape (over 2 million German women aged 13-70 were allMany historians believe that the Battle at Stalingrad (1942-1943) is not only arguably the bloodiest battle in history (800,000-1,600,000 casualties), but also the turning point of WW II in Europeegedly raped by the Red Army) and genocide.
* Even after the Allies arrived, many concentration camp prisoners were beyond help. In Bergen-Belsen,(see Anna Frank) for example, 13,000 prisoners died after liberation. Nearly 2,500 of the 33,000 survivors of Dachau died within six weeks of liberation.
* The swastika is an ancient religious symbol. It derives from the Sanskrit name for a hooked cross, which was used by ancient civilizations as a symbol of fertility and good fortune. It has been found in the ruins of Greece, Egypt, China, India, and Hindu temples.
* Out of the 40,000 men who served on U-boats during WWII, only 10,000 returned.
* Approximately 600,000 Jews served in the United States armed forces during WWII. More than 35,000 were killed, wounded, captured, or missing. Approximately 8,000 died in combat. However, only two Jewish soldiers were awarded the Medal of Honor in WWII.
* The greatest tank battle in history occurred between the Germans and Russians at the Kursk salient in Russia from July 4-22, 1943. More than 3,600 tanks were involved.
* Prisoners of war in Russian camps experienced an 85% mortality rate.
* Germany had a total of 3,363 Generals during the war while the U.S. had just over 1,500.
* Before Nazi Germany decided to eliminate the Jews by gassing them, it had considered sending them to the island of Madagascar.
* In a bizarre move, Hitler’s deputy and confidant Rudolf Hess (see Hess) parachuted into Scotland on May 10, 1941, to negotiate a peace agreement. The British concluded he was mentally unstable. He was kept as a POW and given a life sentence at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial.
* That Nazi salute was modeled on the salute of Italian Fascists, the ancient Romans, as well an ancient Germans. The raised arm resembles a raised spear.
* Lebensborn Society.
This was one of the most bizarre experiments of the SS. Sponsored by the head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler, his idea was to breed a race of super pure blooded Nordics. Tall, fair haired and blue eyed men and women, who were near perfect physical specimens, were chosen. Nursing homes were set up (mostly properties confiscated from Jews and maintained with the money from their bank accounts) to accommodate the mothers until their babies were born. They could then keep their babies or put the child up for adoption in a one hundred per cent Nazi non-Catholic family. The first home opened was at STEINHORING near Munich, on December 12, 1935.
It was a place that offered an attractive alternative to a hospital birth to many women, especially single ones. The Lebensborn homes offered unwed mothers a place to go have their baby in secret, in pleasant surroundings, with top-notch pre-natal care. “We were treated like princesses,” remarked one girl who brought her baby into the world at one of these homes. About 75 per cent of these girls came from the BDM or the Reich Labour Service. A number of children were born disabled and were dispatched to euthanasia clinics where they were either poisoned or gassed.
Later, others were established at WERNIGERODE, at ACHERN (Baden) at KLOSTERHEIDE (Berlin) at BAD POLZIN (Pomerania) at WEINERWALD (Vienna) atVEGIMONT (Belgium) and in February, 1944, the home at LAMORLAYE, near Chantilly, was opened and reserved for the children of German officers and French mothers. The number of children born in these homes is not known, as records were destroyed at the end of the war. However, one set of registers was found intact and showed that more than 2,000 births were registered at Steinhoring. In the ten homes set up in Germany and other countries in Europe, it is now estimated that between six and seven thousand babies were delivered. After the D-day landings all the children born in these homes were evacuated to Bavaria to the Steinhoring Home. In an atmosphere of total panic the Lebensborn homes in Belgium, Holland, France and Luxembourg were abandoned. By 1946 these ‘orphans of shame’ were left to their fate and entrusted to anyone willing to take care of them.
* LORD HAW HAW.
Born in New York of an Irish father and an English mother, William Joyce lived in England from 1921. In 1933 he joined the British Union of Fascists led by Sir Oswald Mosley. Joyce made no effort to hide his admiration for Adolf Hitler and attracted by Hitler’s ideology he and his wife Margaret moved to Germany in 1939 and began broadcasting Nazi anti-Semitic propaganda from a Berlin radio station in Charlottenburg. They lived in an apartment at 29, Kastanienalle, near the radio station. British troops dubbed him (Lord Haw Haw) after a statement by Professor Arthur Lloyd James of London University, an authority on English language pronunciation, who said that he thought some BBC announcers were too “haw, haw” in their diction. His broadcasts later from the Hamburg studios were listened to by millions in the UK. On September 1, 1944, Joyce was awarded the German War Cross of Merit by Dr. Werner Naumann on behalf of Hitler whom the Joyces never met face to face.
* Hitler’s trademark was his moustace and he cut it in different shapes.
* The Auschwitz Concentration Camp Complex was the only place where prisoners were given identification number tattoos. The practice began in 1941 when Russian POWs were stamped on the upper-left breast. Jews started receiving tattoos (on their forearms) in 1942.
* The SS members had there own tattoo under the left arm, a bloodgruppe tattoo.
Blutgruppe tattoo on the arm of an SS Officer. Blood Type A.
The SS blood group tattoo was applied, in theory, to all Waffen-SS (W-SS) members (except members of the British Free Corps). It was a small black ink tattoo located on the underside of the left arm, usually near the armpit. It generally measured around 7mm (0.28 inches) long, and was placed roughly 20cm (8 inches) above the elbow.