White, Cyril Brudenell Bingham

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White, Cyril Brudenell Bingham, born 23-09-1876 in St Arnaud in Victoria. He joined the colonial militia force in Queensland in 1896, and served in the Boer War, serving in the Australian Commonwealth Horse Boers_at_Spion_Kop,_1900_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_16462. In 1901 he became a founding member of the new Australian Army, and in 1906 was the first Australian officer to attended the British Army staff college. In 1912 he returned to Australia and became Director of Military Operations, at a time when Andrew Fisher’s Labor government was expanding Australia’s defence capacity. When the First World War broke out in 1914,  White supervised the first contingents of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) to go the front. At Gallipoli, he was chief of staff to Major General Sir William Bridges, who died at sea age 54, on 18-05-1915 William_Throsby_Bridges_2  800px-GnlBridgesGrave and then to William Birdwood
451px-William_Birdwood   gaining the rank of Brigadier General. Birdwood died age 85, on 17-05-1951. After the evacuation from Gallipoli which he masterminded as “The Silence Ruse”, he was chief administrative officer of the AIF in France, under the command of John Monash
John_Monash_1  . Moash died age 66, on 08-10-1931. In the battle for the Pozières Heights at the end of July which ended in failure, the senior British commander General Douglas Haig, “Master of the Field”, who died age 66 on 29-01-1928,
Douglas_Haig  found fault with Birdwood and White, White stood up to Haig and pointed out that whatever mistakes had been made, the commander-in-chief had been misinformed in several particulars, which White then specified “in detail, item by item”. Haig was so impressed that when he had finished he put his hand on White’s shoulder and said, “I dare say you’re right, young man.” During 1917 the value of the Australian troops was being more and more appreciated, but among the troops themselves there was some feeling that they were being too often sacrificed through the mistakes of the higher command. By September White had become convinced that as far as possible piecemeal operations must be avoided, that too great advances should not be attempted, and that there must be a proper use of artillery barrage. These tactics were successfully applied in the Battle of Menin Road on 20-09-1917, and in later thrusts. Early in 1918, White, realizing the difficulties of repatriation at the end of the war, raised the problem of what would have to be done while the men were waiting for shipping. This led to the educational scheme afterwards adopted. In May, Birdwood and White, at the request of General Henry Seymor Rawlinson , prepared plans for an offensive but these were shelved in the meanwhile. Rawlinson died in Delhi on 28 March 1925 when he was taken ill after playing polo and cricket. When General William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood  was given command of the fifth army, the choice of his successor in command of the Australian corps lay between Monash and White. Monash was White’s senior and, though White’s reputation stood very high, it was impossible to pass over so capable and successful an officer as Monash. White was given the important position of Chief of the General Staff of Birdwood’s army. It was a happy combination, for though Birdwood was a great leader of men he was less interested in organization, and White had a genius for it. After the war White was Chief of the General Staff until his retirement in 1923. In the same year he was appointed Chairman of the newly constituted Commonwealth Public Service Board, supervising the transfer of departments from Melbourne to the new capital, Canberra. In 1928 he chose not to move to Canberra, declining a further term with the Public Service Board in order to remain close to his home and grazing property “Woodnaggerak” near Buangor, Victoria. In 1940, as Australia mobilised the 2nd AIF to take part in the World War II White was recalled to service at the age of 63, promoted to General, and re-appointed Chief of the General Staff.

Death and burial ground of White, Cyril Brudenell Bingham.

    White would probably have become Australia’s overall military commander in that war instead of Thomas Blamey had he not been aboard the Royal Australian Air Force plane which crashed in the Canberra air disaster on 13-08-1940, killing all aboard. The cause of the crash has always been a mystery, although there has never been any suggestion of enemy action or sabotage
RAAF_13_Sqn_(AWM_AC0069)  Canberra_air_disaster_-_2003_memorial All ten passengers were killed and after the war a memorial cairn was erected at the site.  Monash described him as “far and away the ablest soldier Australia had ever turned out”. Sir Cyril White, age 63, is buried  on the Buangor Cemetery in Victoria.

 

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