Chruschtschow, Nikita Sergejewitsch, born on 17-04-1894 in Kalinowka, in the Russian oblast of Kursk to Sergei Khrushchev and Kseniya Khrushcheva, from a Ukrainian peasant family, and learned to be a pipelayer. His parents were were poor peasants, and had also a daughter, two years Nikita’s junior, Irina. Sergei Khrushchev was employed in a number of positions in the Donbas area of far eastern Ukraine, working as a railwayman, as a miner, and laboring in a brick factory. Wages were much higher in the Donbas than in the Kursk region, and Sergei Khrushchev generally left his family in Kalinovka, returning there when he had enough money.
He also worked as such in several mines. During the Russian Revolution he fought in the Red Army. He rose in the party hierarchy to the Politburo. First he was 2nd party secretary in Abkhazia, the inclusion in the Politburo came about through the intercession of Stalin’s wife. The Russian Revolution was a period of political and social change in the Russian Empire, starting in 1917. This period saw Russia abolish its monarchy and adopt a socialist form of government following two successive revolutions and a bloody civil war. The Russian Revolution can also be seen as the precursor for the other European revolutions that occurred during or in the aftermath of World War I, such as the German Revolution of 1918–1919.
Kalinovka was a peasant village; Khrushchev’s teacher, Lydia Shevchenko, later stated that she had never seen a village as poor as Kalinovka had been. Nikita worked as a herdsboy from an early age. Nikita was schooled for a total of four years, part in the village school and part under Shevchenko’s tutelage in Kalinovka’s state school. According to Khrushchev in his memoirs, Shevchenko was a freethinker who upset the villagers by not attending church, and when her brother visited, he gave Khrushchev books which had been banned by the Imperial Government. She urged Nikita to seek further education, but family finances did not permit this. Nikita belonged to the intimate circle of party leaders and commissars who had direct access to Stalin.
In 1918 he entered the KP and the Red Army and was fighting on the South front. The KP RSFSR, was the branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR).
In 1921 his wife Galina Chruschtschowa died , a death of starvation and he left with two children. He married Nina Petrowna Kuchartschuk
and the couple got two children. 1922 he became political interested and involved. She also took care of two children of Khrushchev from his previous marriage, and when in 1930 Khrushchev was sent to Moscow, she followed him there. In Moscow, she lived together with Khrushchev’s parents and worked as a party leader at a lamp factory. In 1935 she gave birth to the son Sergei and in 1937 to the daughter Elena, who died aged 35 due to poor health. Chruschtschow became a member of the Central Committee, KPdSU, in 1929. During World War II he was a Political Commissar under Josef Stalin and organized the Partisan Movement as a Lieutenant General in 1943.
Khrushchev was present at the bloody defense of Stalingrad, a fact he took great pride in throughout his life.
In June 1941, with World War II in full swing, Germany invaded the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa). The main goal was to destroy communism, which had its origins in Russia. According to Adolf Hitler, then president of Nazi Germany, communism was the source of all evil. At the same time, he wanted to gain control of Russian raw materials such as oil and iron ore. These were to be used for the German war industry. He did not rate Russia’s military strength highly. “All we have to do is give one kick to the door and the whole rotten building will collapse like a house of cards! The case will be over in four weeks!” he argued. And indeed the German advance went well. But not as quickly as Adolf Hitler had thought. After a few months, German troops stood before the two largest Russian cities, Moscow and Leningrad (as St. Petersburg was then called). Then the incredibly cold Russian winter set in and many tanks and guns jammed. When winter was finally over, the Russians launched a counterattack. From that moment on, the Russians achieved great success and the Germans were increasingly forced to withdraw.
After the war, Nikita returned to Ukraine before being recalled to Moscow as one of Stalin’s close advisers. When Stalin died in 1953, he moved his opponent Marshal, Georgi Zhukov, and became the leader of the USSR and build up the Communistic Party again. He is released of his post as Party leader in 1964 because of many blunders and the membership of the Central Committee and lived in retirement in his dacha near Moscow.
Andrei Gromyko, Nina Khrushcheva, Eleanor Roosevelt and Nikita Khrushchev in Hyde Park, New York, in 1959. Nina Kukharchuk and Khrushchev officially married only in 1965, after Khrushchev was retired from office. She spent the rest of her life in Zhukovka in Moscow Oblast. She died on 08-08-1984 at the age of 84.
Death and burial ground of Chruschtschow, Nikita Sergejewitsch.
Nikita Chruschtschow died of a stroke and heart failure at the age of 71, on 11-09-1971 and is buried on the Nowodewitsche Cemetery in Moscow, Section 7, Row 20, Grave 9 and General, Ivan Chernakhosky Viacheslav Molotov
Vasily Kuznetsov Lev Dovatar and the commander of the Red Army’s 3rd Tank Army Generaloberst Pavel Semjonovich Rybalko are his neighbours there.