Chruschtschow, Nikita Sergejewitsch, born on 17-04-1894 in Kalinowka, in the Russian oblast of Kursk to Sergei Khrushchev and Kseniya Khrushcheva, from a Ukrainian peasant family, and learned to be a pipelayer. His parents were were poor peasants, and had also daughter, two years Nikita’s junior, Irina. Sergei Khrushchev was employed in a number of positions in the Donbas area of far eastern Ukraine, working as a railwayman, as a miner, and laboring in a brick factory. Wages were much higher in the Donbas than in the Kursk region, and Sergei Khrushchev generally left his family in Kalinovka, returning there when he had enough money.
He also worked as such in several mines. During the Russian Revolution he fought in the Red Army. He rose in the party hierarchy to the Politburo. First he was 2nd party secretary in Abkhazia, the inclusion in the Politburo came about through the intercession of Stalin’s wife.
Kalinovka was a peasant village; Khrushchev’s teacher, Lydia Shevchenko, later stated that she had never seen a village as poor as Kalinovka had been. Nikita worked as a herdsboy from an early age. He was schooled for a total of four years, part in the village school and part under Shevchenko’s tutelage in Kalinovka’s state school. According to Khrushchev in his memoirs, Shevchenko was a freethinker who upset the villagers by not attending church, and when her brother visited, he gave Khrushchev books which had been banned by the Imperial Government. She urged Nikita to seek further education, but family finances did not permit this. Nikita belonged to the intimate circle of party leaders and commissars who had direct access to Stalin.
In 1918 he entered the KP and the Red Army and was fighting on the South front. In 1921 his wife Galina Chruschtschowa died , a death of starvation and he left with two children. He married Nina Petrowna Kuchartschuk
and the couple got two children. 1922 he became political interested and involved. She also took care of two children of Khrushchev from his previous marriage, and when in 1930 Khrushchev was sent to Moscow, she followed him there. In Moscow, she lived together with Khrushchev’s parents and worked as a party leader at a lamp factory. In 1935 she gave birth to the son Sergei and in 1937 to the daughter Elena, who died aged 35 due to poor health. Chruschtschow became a member of the Central Committee, KPdSU, in 1929. During World War II he was a Political Commissar under Josef Stalin and organized the Partisan Movement as a Lieutenant General in 1943.
Khrushchev was present at the bloody defense of Stalingrad, a fact he took great pride in throughout his life. After the war, he returned to Ukraine before being recalled to Moscow as one of Stalin’s close advisers. When Stalin died in 1953, he moved his opponent Marshal, Georgi Zhukov, and became the leader of the USSR and build up the Communistic Party again. He is released of his post as Party leader in 1964 because of many blunders and the membership of the Central Committee and lived in retirement in his dacha near Moscow.
Andrei Gromyko, Nina Khrushcheva, Eleanor Roosevelt and Nikita Khrushchev in Hyde Park, New York, in 1959. Nina Kukharchuk and Khrushchev officially married only in 1965, after Khrushchev was retired from office. She spent the rest of her life in Zhukovka in Moscow Oblast. She died on 08-08-1984 at the age of 84.
Death and burial ground of Chruschtschow, Nikita Sergejewitsch.
Nikita Chruschtschow died of a stroke and heart failure at the age of 71, on 11-09-1971 and is buried on the Nowodewitsche Cemetery in Moscow, Section 7, Row 20, Grave 9 and General, Ivan Chernakhosky Viacheslav Molotov
Vasily Kuznetsov Lev Dovatar and the commander of the Red Army’s 3rd Tank Army Generaloberst Pavel Semjonovich Rybalko are his neighbours there.