Ton, Petrus Nicolaas “Peter”.

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Ton, Petrus Nicolaas “Peter”, born 16-04-1912 in Rotterdam, into a working-class family. Because his father died at a young age, he broke off his studies at the trade school to be able to take care of his mother and younger sister as the breadwinner. He first worked in an office for six years and then for seven years – until his death – as a warehouse manager at a metal factory. Ton was a member of the National Socialist Movement (NSB) of Anton “Ad” Mussert

 under studbook number 23214. In The Hague he held the position of NSB block leader. He was also a member of the Resilience Department (WA) of the NSB. In November 1932, the WA (Resilience Department) of the NSB was established. The WA is intended to protect leader Anton Mussert against attacks by political opponents. Members of the WA are officially unarmed, but often act as paramilitary vigilantes in Jewish neighborhoods. Because of their black uniforms, members of the WA are sometimes referred to as “black shirts.” Many members of the WA are also members of the collaborative Dutch Volunteer Legion, the Landstorm or the Landwacht. The Nederlandse Landwacht was a Dutch paramilitary organization founded by the German occupation forces in Holland on November 12-11-1943. It should not be confused with the military volunteer corps ‘Landwacht Nederland’, which was established in March 1943 and renamed Landstorm Nederland in October, and which became part of the Waffen-SS .

Death and burial ground of Ton, Petrus Nicolaas “Peter”.

 The Nationale Jeugdstorm ( National Youth Storm; NJS) was a Dutch youth movement associated with the National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands (NSB) that existed from 1934 to 1945, organized as the Dutch equivalent of the German Hitlerjugend and as a Nazi counterpart of Scouting and Guiding in the Netherlands. Prior to the occupation, the Youth Storm had about 2,000 members, a number which increased during World War II to more than 12,000. The leader (Head Stormer) of the NSB was Cornelis van Geelkerken. On 01-05-1934, Geelkerken was dismissed as a civil servant, as NSB membership was considered incompatible with employment in government. On the same day, he founded the Youth Storm.

On Saturday afternoon, September 7, 1940, about 200 members of the National Youth Storm, accompanied by some WA men, marched through The Hague. The riotous atmosphere led to fights, which quickly got out of hand. The Hague police and a few German soldiers who happened to be present joined in the fights. In their efforts to restore order, the policemen used their firearms, firing a few warning shots. Some NSB members were hit by the bullets and Peter Ton was hit in the head. That evening he died in hospital. It could not be established from the Dutch side whether a police bullet from The Hague actually caused Ton’s death, because the autopsy on the remains was only performed by the Germans. It is possible that Ton was hit by a stray German bullet. His death brought the NSB into great excitement: Ton was the first NSB member to die ‘in office’ and for his National Socialist ideals. In the NSB jargon of the time, Ton was the first ‘blood sacrifice of the Movement’. The WA-vendel to which Ton had belonged was given its name as a reminder. While waiting for the NSB mausoleum to be built on the Goudsberg in Lunteren, Ton was buried in The Hague. His funeral ceremony became a manifestation of the NSB, in which many thousands of comrades and comrades were present from all over the country. Mussert used the ‘murder of Peter Ton’ to demand that the German occupier finally intervene in the system of justice and police. He got his way: Hanns Albin Rauter (supreme boss of the SS and the police in the Netherlands) immediately fired the Hague police chief N.G. van der Mei. The police officers involved in the incident had Rauter arrested. Arthur Seyss-Inquart (the German ‘Reich Commissioner’ and Adolf Hitler ‘s deputy in the Netherlands) and Rauter took the opportunity to centralize the leadership of the Dutch police. Two attorneys general were also fired.

It has never become clear who fired the fatal shot, but the NSB knocked it all out well. Peter Ton was buried with great fanfare and all the top men of the NSB were present. There are rumors that Neo-Nazi Johann Georg (Joop) Glimmerveen is responsible for the maintenance of the grave at the Oud Eik en Duin cemetery. Glimmerveen and his group of demonstrators have been denied access to the cemetery many times, but he is allowed to visit the cemetery as a private person. Joop Glimmerveen is the son of Arie Glimmerveen (1898-1974) and the German Maria Karoline Bihr (1900-1976). The symbol on the tombstone is the wolfsangel and is a Nazi German – and NSB sign

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