Schmitz, Dr. Heinrich, born 03-07-1896, belonged to the NSDAP from 1932 to 1937, but was not an SS member. In June 1943, Schmitz was sterilized according to a decision of the Health Court of Jena. The basis for the court decision was the “Act for the Prevention of Ill-Infectious Offspring” of 1933, which allowed forced sterilization against the will of the person concerned. The court judgment was justified by “manic-depressive insanity”. Schmitz had committed an attempted suicide, in his life there were “times of markedly manic unrest and a morbidly increased activity.” For this diagnosis, Schmitz was dismissed in September 1943 as “completely unsuitable for service in the armed forces” from his military service. Schmitz addressed the Reichsarzt SS and the police, Ernst-Robert Grawitz to a former superior. , As the Soviet Army advanced on Berlin, Grawitz killed himself on 24-04-1945, age 45 and his family with grenades at their house in Babelsberg
In December 1943 the personal staff SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler, Obergruppenführer Grawitz asked “the use of the Dr. Schmitz as an importer in a concentration camp. ” In April 1944, Schmitz was hired as a civilian “physician without provision” for the Flossenbürg concentration camp.
With Schmitz arriving in Flossenbürg the “most catastrophic phase of medical activity, medical failure and medical killing practice” began for the prisoners there. Statements by prisoners after the end of the war show numerous unnecessary operations that Schmitz carried out on prisoners. The operations were not, as in other concentration camps, part of an experimental program arranged by the SS, but were tolerated by Schmitz’s superiors in Flossenbürg. Commander was SS Hauptsturmführer Karl Fritzsch . In October 1943, Fritzsch was arrested as a part of an internal SS investigation into corruption. An SS court charged him with murder. As a punishment he was transferred to front line duty (SS-Panzergrenadier-Ersatzbatallion 18). It is assumed that he fell during the battle of Berlin in May 1945, age 41
“Dr. Schmitz liked to operate on the body, but also carried out amputations. Once, he even practiced a cranial operation without having the proper instruments. Sometimes he removed tissue and sent it to Erlangen for examination. About fifty percent of the operations performed were unnecessary because of negative results and no ulcer or anything else, “a prisoner said. A French detainee led an operation book. According to this information, Schmitz undertook 400 operations in six months, 300 of which were amputations. According to the records, about 250 of the operated prisoners died. According to the prisoner’s opinion, 14 operations, of which 11 were fatal, were “just for fun by Dr. Schmitz takes place. ”
In autumn 1944 Schmitz was involved in the targeted killing of incurably sick persons in Flossenbürg.which SS Standartenführer Enno Lolling of the D III Office of the SS Economic had ordered. On May 27-05-1945, Lolling committed suicide at the reserve army hospital in Flensburg. He was 56. Administrative authority had previously ordered that these prisoners be killed by medical means. In this second phase of Action 14f13, Schmitz sought out the prisoners to be killed, without first carrying out an in-depth investigation. The inmates were murdered with overdosed phenol, Novocain or tuberculin preparations in a specially designed room. Schmitz denied direct involvement in the murders in post-war statements, but admitted that under his leadership about 70 prisoners had been killed with phenol. Other testimonies spoke of up to 300 kills. Until its liberation in April 1945, more than 96,000 prisoners passed through the camp, around 30,000 of whom died there.
At the end of September 1944 a typhus epidemic broke out in Flossenbürg. Schmitz was ignoring the diagnosis of spotted fever. When this diagnosis confirmed itself in a bacteriological examination Schmitz distorted the results. During the epidemic, 200 prisoners died, a figure that Schmitz described as “normal” in his later process. After the replacement of the former local authority by SS Sturmbannführer Johann Hermann Fischer in October 1944, Schmitz was gradually withdrawn from the powers. He himself fell victim to typhus; shortly after the end of the war, he was arrested by American soldiers in the Weiden hospital.
Death and burial ground of Schmitz, Dr. Heinrich.
Schmitz, along with five other persons, was accused of the follow-up to the concentration camp Flossenbürg “Ewald Heerde et al.” (File number 000-50-46-3). This process, part of the Dachauer Processes, took place from 10-11-1947 onwards. The US military court sentenced Heinrich Schmitz to death on 12-12-1947. Schmitz renounced the submission of a grace application. The verdict was executed on 26-11-1948, age 52, in Landsberg’s war criminals prison and buried on the Spottinger prison cemetery, between other condemned and hanged war criminals.