Brauer, Johannes Oskar, born on 11-03-1895 in Stargard, Pommeren, entered the Army Service as a Fahnenjunker, in the 147th Infantry Regiment, and participated with this Regiment during World War I. Brauer was captured by the Russians and in captivity until 25-04-1921, 6 years. In 1921 he was allowed again in the new Reichswehr and was company Chief of the 96th Infantry Regiment, with the outbreak of World War II. After the command of the 397th Infantry Regiment, he landed in the Führer Reserve , on 10-07-1944. * The Führer Reserve (“Officers Reserve”) was set up in 1939 as a pool of temporarily unoccupied high military officers waiting for new assignments in the German Armed Forces during World War II. The various military branches and army groups each had their own pool which they could use as they saw fit. The officers were required to remain at their assigned stations and be available to their superiors, but could not exercise any command function, which was equivalent to a temporary retirement while retaining their previous income. Especially in the second half of the war, more and more politically problematic, troublesome, or militarily incompetent officers were assigned to the Führer Reserve. Examples: Major Karl August Meinel, 01-08-1942, was shifted into the Führer Reserve, because on 13-01-1942 he wrote a critical report to General Hermann Reinecke on the segregation and execution of Russian prisoners of war in prison camp Stalag VII-A
by the Gestapo and the Sicherheitsdienst SD (security Service) of the Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler Stalag VII-A was north of Moosberg, a Bavarian town close to Munich. Hermann Reinecke died old age 85, on 10-10-1973.
General Georg Thomas , head of the Military Economics and Armament Office of the Armed Forces Supreme Command, played an essential role in drawing up the starvation policy for the occupied Eastern territories. He was transferred to the Officers Reserve on 20-11-1942 and arrested after the 20 July 1944 assassination attempt on Hitler because of his contacts with the resistance. Thomas died in American custody, age 56, 29-12-1946. Generaloberst der Infanterie, Head of the Army General Staff from 1938 until September 1942, Franz Halder, head of the Army General Staff, planned army operations from 1939 to 1941. He was dismissed in 1942 and transferred to the Officers Reserve. After the assassination attempt on Hitler of 20 July 1944, his involvement in a conspiracy in 1938 came to light, which led to his arrest and imprisonment in Flossenbürg concentration camp. Generalfeldmarschall der Artillerie, Walther von Brauchitsch became Supreme Commander of the Army in 1938 and was decisively involved in planning Operation Barbarossa. He was dismissed on 19-12-1941 because of the military defeat at Moscow and transferred Officers Reserve. Brauer
was commander of the 562nd
Volksgrenadier Regiment, from 01-10-1944 until 27-01-1945 and again in the Führer Reserve. He is awarded with the Ritterkreuz. As commander of the Special Purpose Division Staff 207, he is captured by the Russians and first released on 07-05-1955, ten years later, after intervention between the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
and Joseph Stalin
Death and burial ground of Brauer, Johannes Oskar.
Living in Bremen, Brauer dies at the old age of 85, on 15-11-1980. He is buried on the Riensberg cemetery in Bremen, close to the graves of General der Artillerie, Walther von Seydlitz Kurzbach
Generalleutnant der Flakartillerie, Kommandeur Kommando XVIII Vienna
, Kurt Wagner
and Generalmajor der Infanterie, Kommandeur von Hamburg
, Kurt Heyser