Gerrit Engelbert ter Borg, born 10 mei 1904 in Enschede, Overijssel, Netherlands and his Jonetta ter Borg-Elfering born 14-08-1905, in Almelo Gerrit was born to Gerard ter Borg (10-05- 1875/31-03-1945) He comes from a medium-sized working-class family and grows up without a father. But he works his way up: in 1927 he takes over a grocery store at 20 Javastraat and Johanna, born Kuipers (10-05-1877/18-04-1949). Jonetta was born to Gerrit Elfering (11-05-1881/03-04-1965) and Johanna Elfering (03-05-1883/01-02-1951). Gerrit ter Borg was born on 10-05-1907 and 33 years later Adolf Hitler sent his troops to an not prepared Holland for an unespected invasion.
When the war started, people also started resisting the German occupiers and various resistance groups were founded. The resistance, also called ‘the underground’, sabotages the policy of the occupier by killing Nazis and collaborators and carrying out other attacks. The resistance also helps Jews, forced laborers and political opponents to go into hiding and distributes illegal newspapers with uncensored news about the progress of the war. The three most important were the Ordedienst (OD), the National Organization for Aid to People in Hiding/National Knokploegen (LO/LKP) and the Council of Resistance (RVV).
It is generally assumed that some 45,000 people were in the organized resistance, of which some 35,000 were still alive at the end of the war. They were supported and helped by hundreds of thousands of others. Gerrit and Jonetta ter Borg both were members of the lokal O and becomes closely involved in the resistance. They helps refugees and smuggles food to forced laborers in Germany.
By order of Dr. Helmut Meyer of the Sonderkommando Hengelo of the Marine Abwehrstelle, traitor Carl Ludwig Huschka (July 20, 1907-1966), aided by J. A. Izaks, had penetrated the resistance in Enschede
Death and burial ground of Borg, Gerrit Engelbert ter and his wife Jonetta ter Borg, born Elfering.
The café of G.J. Kolthof. Huschka comes there regularly with his friends. He used to be a waiter himself and knows café life like no other. He meets the café owner and his daughter. When Kolthof is transported to Germany during a raid, his daughter approaches Huschka with the question whether he might be able to help her father.Huschka personally goes to get Kolthof back and also gives him an Ausweis. Kolthof is so impressed that he now introduces Huschka to his cousin, 40-year-old Gerrit ter Borg.
Gerrit ter Borg is LO man and employee of LO leader Piet Zandbergen. Huschka also provides Zandbergen with an Ausweis with which he can travel unhindered throughout the country.In a few sentences you can see how a V-person could gain the trust of the top of the LO-Enschede. The border commissioners Gerard Rutgers, who also belongs to the LO-Enschede, tells his wife to warn Huschka if something happens to him. Meanwhile, Huschka sprinkles Ausweisen, even stating that its owner works for the Wehrmacht.
In this way, Huschka accurately mapped out the illegal circuit around Piet Zandbergen around Christmas 1944.
On the last day of the war, the members of the LO group are called by this traitor working for the occupier Carl Ludwig Huschka to an important meeting at 7 p.m. at their meeting location at Sumatrastraat 3 in Enschede. Not everyone responds to the call, some do not trust it. Nine people are present, including Gerrit Engelbert ter Borg and his wife Jonetta. Suddenly, SD men under command of SS Unterscharführer Karl Erich Alfred Schöber surround and raid the house. There is great panic inside: everyone flees in all directions. The Germans shoot everyone on the spot, also Gerrit ter Borg. Jonetta still gets permission to take her son Gerrit Jr. two years old outside to safety. She crosses the street and presses the child into the arms of the 11-year-old daughter Hannie. She is constantly held at gunpoint. Jonetta’s last words she screams: Here’s Gerrit, take good care of him. Your father is dead and “I have to go back”, otherwise you will all be shot!”. Then she walked away. Hannie saw her mother fall. Jonetta was dragged home by the SD man. According to grandmother Ter Borg, who was under the table, she sat down at the table and was killed with a shot in the neck. After the massacre, the Germans drove off.
The first who dared to enter the house was baker de Jong, who had his shop nearby. Dead bodies lay all over the house. In the attic a fire started from a hand grenade; he managed to extinguish it. One of the victims was still alive, but died on the way to the hospital. Grandma Ter Borg survived the massacre: they had not discovered her under the table. The victims were: Gerrit ter Borg, his wife Jonetta ter Borg-Elfering, his father Gerard ter Borg, Piet Zandbergen, age 36 , Wieger Mink, age 38 , Tonny van Essen , Gerard Rutgers, age 32 , Johannes Francoijs.age 31, Jan Harm Bosch, age 44 ,, and Hennie Wennink, age 31 of the same resistance group was shot dead by the SD on the same evening on Zweeringweg.
A Stolperstein was laid in 2019 in front of their house at Sumatrastraat 3 in Enschede.
The war memorial in Heerenveen bears the name of Wieger Mink. He was Frisian. Hence. Wieger’s body was reburied after the war in the cemetery in Loenen.
After this action, Dr. Meyer drives with his SD commando to Piet Zandbergen’s house to have a house search carried out. When he and several SD officers are about to leave the home of the LO leader, the typographer Jan Hendrik Wennink “‘Henny’, active in the NBS, runs into the company’s arms. Although a body search and subsequent search of his home yielded nothing incriminating, 31-year-old Wennink was taken away and shot dead on Zweeringsweg .
Back in the SD building, Dr. Meyer has one of the SD men look up Bolhaarslaan on a city map. The naval officer leaves with an SD commando in three cars for Jan Harm Bosch’s house. here with his son. The Inspector of Import and Excise duties appears to be at home, is arrested and then taken to the synagogue. The next morning on 01-04-1945, Easter Sunday, Jan Harm Bosch is probably shot dead by Alfred Schöber in the garden behind the synagogue. Jan Harm Bosch lies on the Westerbegraafplaats in Enschede.
Schöber’s colleagues have now left Enschede in a northerly direction. A few hours later Allied soldiers, Canadians, enter and liberated the city. Enschede.
Carl Ludwig Huschka managed to escape from Scheveningen prison in the summer of 1946. He settled in Belgium, where he worked as a farmhand in Denderwindeke under the name Bob Korendijk. He was arrested again in December 1946. It was not until October 1951, before the Special Criminal Chamber in Zutphen, sentenced him to eighteen years’ imprisonment. He was only part of it. Huschka died in 1966.
Borg, Gerrit Engelbert ter and his wife Jonetta ter Borg, born Elfering.are buried at the Nationaal Ereveld Loenen, Vak A 716 and 717, Loenen, Netherlands (Nederland). Groenendaalseweg 64, 7371 EZ Loenen.
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