Boris III, Clemens Robert Maria Pius Stanislaus Xavier

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Boris III, born on 30-01-1894 in Sofia, Bulgaria, became King upon the abdication of his father after the first World War, on 03-10-1918. Through his courage and personal example in World War I, he earned the respect of the troops and the senior Bulgarian and German commanders, even that of the Generalquartiermeister of the German Army, Erich Ludendorff. The King had fascistic ideas and joined Axis to prevent an imminent German invasion in Bulgaria, but he refused to send Bulgarian troops to German, aid on the Eastern front. He then sent his troops to join the German battle against the Greece and Joegoslavië. Boris wasn’t certainly not a slave of Hitler and refused to surrender the Joegoslavian Jews to Germany, some Jewish groups are still grateful for that. He also refused to participate in the Russian invasion. Hitler (see Hitler Alois) invited him to the castle of Klessheim in Salzburg to put the presser on, he didn’t make
to much impression then. This led to a rift with Hitler (see Hitler parents) (did you know) (see Adolf) who, in August 1943, summoned him to his headquarters in East Prussia,  where he violently criticized Bulgaria’s role in the war, he then still agreed to declare war to the USA and Britain, but didn’t want to fight against the Soviets. Shortly after, he suddenly died of a heart attack at the age of 49, on 20-08-1943,

    but voices say that he is murdered by Pro Nazi Bulgarian. Boris was succeeded by his six years old son Simeon II, As of 2013, Simeon is one of the two last living heads of state from World War II, the other is former King Michael of Romania,   the only living person who has borne the Bulgarian title “Tsar”, and one of the few monarchs in history to have become the head of government through democratic elections.

 under the regent of his brother Prince Kyril of Bulgaria, Prince of Preslav   Prince Kyril, on the night of 01-02-1945, former Prime Minister and Regent,  age 49 and a range of former cabinet ministers, royal advisors and 67 MPs were executed. Their death sentences had been pronounced earlier that day by a “People’s Tribunal.”Following a large and impressive state funeral at the Alexander Nevsky Cathedrasl, Sofia, where the streets were lined with weeping crowds, the coffin of Tsar Boris III was taken by train to the mountains and buried in Bulgaria’s largest and most important monastery, the Rila Monastery. After taking power in September 1944, the Communist-dominated government had his body exhumed and secretly buried in the courtyard of the Vrana Palace near Sofia. At a later time the Communist authorities removed the zinc coffin from Vrana and moved it to a secret location, which remains unknown to this day.

Death and burial ground.

After the fall of communism, an excavation attempt was made at the Vrana Palace, in which only Boris’s heart was found, as it had been put in a glass cylinder outside the coffin. The heart was taken by his widow in 1993 to Rila Monastery where it was reinterred. A wood-carving  is placed on the left side of his grave in the Rila monastery, made on 10-10-“1943 by inhabitants of the village of Osoi, Debar district. The wood-carving has the following inscription:  ” To its Tsar Liberator Boris III, from grateful Macedonia “.

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