Kleeberg, Franciszek.

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Kleeberg, Franciszek, born 01-02-1888, in Ternopil’, Ternopil’s’ka, Ukraine, was a Polish General. There was a tradition of professional military service in his family. After graduating from high school, Franciszek Kleeberg attended the Military Technical Academy in Mödling, Austria. In 1908 he obtained an artillery officer’s license. During the First World War he served in the Polish legions. After Poland regained independence, he joined the Polish army. As chief of staff of the Wschód army, he took part in the Polish-Bolshevik war. For his participation in the preservation of the independence of Poland, he received the following awards: the Cross of the Order of Virtuti Militari 5th class, the Cross of Valor – four times, the Polonia Restituta Officer’s Cross, the French Legion of Honor and other awards.

Franciszek served in the Austro-Hungarian Army before joining the Polish Legions in World War I and later the Polish Army.

 Horse riding competition for the army championship in Białystok; August 1937. The winning team of the Border Protection Corps. General Franciszek Kleeberg is visible on the right.

During the German Invasion of Poland he commanded Independent Operational Group Polesie. Independent Operational Group Polesie (SGO Polesie) was one of the Polish Army Corps (Operational Groups) that defended Poland during the Invasion of Poland in 1939. It was created on 11-09-1939 and was commanded by General Franciszek Kleeberg. The SGO is most notable for fighting in the battle of Kock, the last battle of the Invasion of Poland.

He never lost a battle in the Invasion of Poland, although he was eventually forced to surrender after his forces ran out of ammunition. Imprisoned in Oflag IV-B Koenigstein,

After the Invasion of Poland of 1939, most high-ranking Polish officers were imprisoned there. The staff officers were imprisoned in the casemates and the generals in one of the forts. The lower-ranking officers were incarcerated in the lower levels of the fortress. Despite harsh conditions in the living chambers, the officers were granted relative freedom and had a part of the fortress gardens at their disposal. Apart from Antoni Szylling and Tadeusz Piskor, who were imprisoned in Murnau, all Polish army commanders taken by the Germans in 1939 were held there. After the Fall of France in 1940, most Polish officers were transferred to either Oflag VIIA Murnau or Oflag VIII E Johannisbrunn, and French officers were imprisoned in the castle.

General Szyling survived the war and died 17-06-1971, age 86, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. General Tadeusz Piskor after the war settled in London, where he died in 1951.

Franciszek Kleeberg died in hospital in Dresden on 05-04-1941, age 53, Stadtkreis Dresden, Saxony and buried there.

Death and burial grounf of Kleeberg, Franciszek.

In 1969 his remains were exhumed, brought to Poland and re-buried in Kock among the fallen soldiers of the Operation Group Polesie. His symbolic grave is in Warsaw at Powązki Cemetery. Kock, Powiat Lubelskie, Poland. My friend from the Czech Republic visited the cemetery, Radec Hroch was so kind to sent me the grave photo’s.

General Franciszek Kleeberg monument at military cemetery of soldiers killed in WW2 in Kock, Malopolska, Poland


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