Collani, Ingo von.

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Collani, Ingo von, born on 24-09-1900, Kolberg, Pommeren , volunteered the Army Service on 04-06-1918, shortly before the end of World War I, as a Fahnenjunker in the Replacement Battalion of the 5th Food Guards Regiment. He remained in the new 100.000 men Reichswehr  and at the beginning of World War II, he was Chief of Operations in the General Staff of the 1st Cavalry Brigade. 06-09-1921: Fahnrich Ingo von Collani (2nd from right) marches with Infantry Regiment 9 in Jüterbog (Brandenburg) Following the Chief of Operations in the 12th Infantry Division  12th Infanterie Division Logo.svg , under command of Generalleutnant Kurt Freiherr von Lützow    until 24-12-1942. Temporary in the Führer Reserve and then Chief of the General Staff  of the Commander of Troops in Denmark to 01-11-1944. Collani was again in the Reserve (see Adolf Hitler) (did you know) and detached to the 16th Division 116th Panzer-Division logo.svgLeaders Course in Hirschberg. His last command was of the 216th Infantry Division  . The 216th Infantry Division was a Germany Army division, active from 1939-1943. Serving in the storm on the Western Front in 1940, the division later took part in the Eastern campaign, being involved in the disastrous Battle of Kursk.  For their attack, the Germans utilized three armies along with a large proportion of their total tank strength on the Eastern Front. The 9th Army, of Army Group Center and based north of the bulge, contained 335.000 men (223.000 combat soldiers). In the south, the 4th Panzer Army under command of Generaloberst Hermann Hoth  and Army Detachment “Kempf“,  of Army Group South, had 223.907 men (149.271 combat soldiers) and 100,000 men (66,000 combat soldiers) respectively. In total, the three armies had a total strength of 778.907 men, with 518.271 being combat soldiers. Army Group South was equipped with more armored vehicles, infantry and artillery than the 9th Army. The 4th Panzer Army and Army Detachment “Kempf” had 1.377 tanks and assault guns, while the 9th Army possessed 988 tanks and assault guns. The Soviets had massed about 1.300.000 men, 3.600 tanks, 20.000 artillery pieces, and 2.792 aircraft to defend the salient. This amounted to 26 per cent of the total manpower of the Red Army, 26 per cent of its mortars and artillery, 35 per cent of its aircraft, and 46 per cent of its tanks.The German Army suffered around 54.000 casualties and lost 252 tanks and assault guns in total during Citadel (July 5-16). In contrast, the Soviets suffered about 177.000 casualties, and   The division was disbanded on 17-11-1943 after suffering heavy casualties during the retreat to the Dnieper River Defensive Line. Von Collani succeeded Generalmajor der Infanterie, Kommandeur der 707th Infanterie Division , Gustav Gihr
   until his captivity by the Soviets, on 10-05-1945 and first released on 16-01-1956, by the strains of the German new Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer As a senior officer in Russia, Ingo von Collani is a 1st class prisoner of war. He does not have to do any forced labor. Dieter von Collani: “Father told us that they played cards in the camp and made chess pieces out of bread.” For this, Stalin has him tried together with other Generals. Although Ingo von Collani was never a member of the NSDAP , he – like almost all high-ranking officers – is charged with war crimes and sentenced to 25 years in prison. The sense of class of a Prussian officer remains in spite of imprisonment. His son Dieter von Collani: “Father told us how he should carry his suitcase to the train. He said, ‘A general doesn’t carry suitcases.’ His suitcases were then carried by guards. ”When the general comes home, he is a scarred man.
Dieter von Collani (80) shows BILD reporter Andrea Scheifele the photos of his father Ingo von Collani.
Ingo and Hugo Thassilo/Tassilo were brothers (different sources have both spellings). Thassilo Hugo Arthur v. Collani, 04-08-1899 in Köslin, 28-01-1981 in Würzburg. They had one more brother, Dipl.-Berging. Gunther Bernhard Carl v. Collani, 17-02-1902 in Kolberg, died 23-06-1987 in Leipzig. Their father was plM-Träger OTL a.D. Erwin v. Collani (26-12-1873-02-06-1922), who last commanded the 7. Garde-Infanterie-Regiment in World War I. Three of their uncles (Edgar, Bernhard and Lothar) were Prussian Army officers, and the fourth (Kurt) was an Imperial Navy officer (KIA 1917 with Luftschiff L 39). One of their cousins, Friedrich Wilhelm Edgar Hugo, 02-06-1913 in Hofgeismar, was an OTL in the Bundeswehr, so I assume he was also a Wehrmacht officer. Another cousin, Dr.jur. Hans Joachim Friedrich Bernhard, 13-03-1909 in Berlin, was a Marine-Kriegsgerichtsrat.

Death and burial ground of Collani, Ingo von.

Released Collani lived in Lüneburg, where he at the age of 69 died, on 24-12-1969. Generalmajor Collani buried with his wife Amalie, born Zirkwitz, who died age 71, on 14-11-1957, on the Waldfriedhof of Lüneburg, only steps of the grave of Generalmajor der Kavallerie, Kommandeur der 707th Infanterie Division, Wilhelm von Lengerke Wilhelm von Lengerke here with his arm in a sling   was an old style officer who upheld the Prussian tradition and insisted that his soldiers did too.

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