Nathan Twining, born 11-10-1897 in Monroe, Wisconsin, came from a military background. His forebears had served in the United States Army and Navy since the French and Indian War. His mother was Frances Staver Twining, author of Bird-Watching in the West. In 1913, Twining moved with his family to Oswego, Oregon, serving in the Oregon National Guard
from 1915 to 1917. In 1917, he received an appointment to West Point
. Because the program was shortened so as to produce more officers for combat, he spent only two years at the academy and graduated just a few days too late for service in World War I. After graduating in 1918 and serving in the infantry for three years arriving in Europe in July 1919, he transferred to the Air Service. Over the next 15 years he flew fighter aircraft in Texas, Louisiana, and Hawaii, while also attending the Air Corps Tactical School and the Command and General Staff College. When war broke out in Europe he was assigned to the operations division on the Air Staff; then in 1942 he was sent to the South Pacific where he became Chief of Staff of the Allied air forces in that area. In January 1943, he assumed command of the Thirteenth Air Force, nicknamed “Jungle Air Force”
, and that same November he traveled across the world to take over the Fifteenth Air Force
from James “Jimmy” Doolittle
On 01-02-1943, the U.S. Navy rescued Brigade General Twining, the 13th
Air Force Commander, and 14 others near New Hebrides Islands. They ditched their plane on the way from Guadalcanal to Espiritu Santo and spent six days in life rafts. When Germany surrendered, Arnold sent Twining back to the Pacific to command the B-29s of the Twentieth Air Force in the last push against Japan, but he was there only a short time when the atomic strikes ended the war. On 20 October 1945, Twining led three B-29s in developing a new route from Guam to Washington via India and Germany. They completed the 13,167-mile-trip in 59 hours, 30 minutes. He returned to the States where he was named commander of the Air Materiel Command, and in 1947 he took over Alaskan Air Command. After three years there he was set to retire as a Lieutenant General, but when Muir Fairchild, age 55, on 17-03-1950, the Vice Chief of Staff, died unexpectedly of a heart attack, Twining was elevated to full General and named his successor. In 1947, Twining was asked to study UFO reports; he recommended that a formal study of the phenomenon take place; Project Sign was the result. When Hoyt Vandenberg
retired in mid-1953, Twining was selected as chief; during his tenure, massive retaliation based on air power became the national strategy. In 1957, President Dwight Eisenhower
appointed Twining Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
Death and burial ground of Twining, Nathan Farragut.
General Twining died on 29-03-1982 at Lackland Air Force Base in Texas and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Section 30. In Section 30 also the Major General, Chief Signal Officer, George Back, Major General, Commander 116th and 29th Division, D-Day, Charles Canham, Lieutenant General, Commanded the 5th Marine Division , Thomas Bourke, Lieutenant General, Commander 2nd Armoured Division, Ted Brooks, Admiral, Robert Ghormley and General, Deputy Chief of Staff, Bomb on Hiroshima, Thomas Handy, General Major, Commanding General 3rd Armored Division , North-West Europe. Robert Walker Grow, The 3rd Armored Division had 231 days of combat in World War II, with a total of 2.540 killed, 7.331 wounded, 95 missing, and 139 captured. Total battle and non-battle casualties came to 16.122. The 3rd Armored Division lost more tanks in combat than any other U.S. division. Combat Command A lost more tanks than any other unit in the 3rd Armored Division. On 31 March, the commander of the division, Major General Maurice Rose
famed as one of few Commanding Generals to frequent the front lines during combat, rounded a corner in his jeep and found himself face to face with a German tank. As he withdrew his pistol to surrender, a young German tank commander, apparently misunderstanding Rose’s intentions, shot the General. Also buried here, 1* General Lieutenant, Commanding Officer Artillery, 11th Airborne Division, Francis William Farrell . The division had 2.431 casualties in 204 days of combat. Also a remembrance stone for the, age 44, missing in action Brigadier General,Charles Keerans the assistant commander of the 82nd Airborne Division under General Matthew Bunker Ridgway.
Cemetery and grave location of Twining, Nathan Farragut.