Haccius, Ernst, born 10-12-1893 in Hanover, entered the Army on 09-02-1914, age 20, as a Fahnenjunker in the Hannoversches Jäger-Battalion Nr. 10.
With this Regiment he was in the fields of the first war as a Leutnant and awarded with both the Iron Crosses
. He remains in the new Reichswehr and at the beginning of World War II he was a adjutant in the General Command of the X Army Corps under command of General der Artillerie Christian Hansen
, . Promoted to Oberst on 01-01-1940 and assigned to commander of the 65th
Infantry Regiment. He received the German Cross in Gold
on 27-10-1941 and promoted to Generalmajor on 20-04-1942, with the command of the 46th
, later succeeded by General der Gebirgstruppe, Carl von Le Suire
. The 46th
Infantry Division fought in the invasion of Poland in 1939, and then was held in reserve until May 1940, when it was transferred to France. The division fought in the Loire Valley until the fall of France. After the invasion of the Soviet Union, the division was involved in the assault on the Crimea late in 1941. While engaged in heavy fighting in the Kerch Peninsula in December, and with Soviet landings both at the tip of the Kerch Peninsula and at Feodosiya, the 42nd
Corps commander, Generalmajor der Infanterie, Hans von Sponek
gave the order to pull back. This order was countermanded by the 11th
Army commander, Generalfeldmarschall, Erich von Manstein
but since von Sponeck had already disassembled his wireless set, the order to hold ground was not received. The 46th
Infantry Division avoided encirclement and eventually helped stem the tide of the Red Army landings at Feodosiya. General von Sponeck was dismissed and subject to a trial in which Reichsmarschall, Hermann Goering
oversaw the proceedings. General von Sponeck was sentenced to death but this order was commuted by Adolf Hitler
and reduced to seven years imprisonment. When Feldmarschall, Walther von Reichenau
, Von Reichenau died in Poltawa of a stroke age 57, on 17-01-1942, took command of Army Group South, he relayed a message to the divisional commander, Generalleutnant der Infanterie, Kurt Himer,
Himer died of wounds age 53, on 04-04-1942, which read “Because of its slack reaction to the Russian landing on the Kerch Peninsula, as well as its precipitate withdrawal from the peninsula, I hereby declare 46th
forfeit of soldierly honour. Decorations and promotions are in abeyance until countermanded. Signed: von Reichenau, Feldmarschall”. The 46th
Infantry division was a part of 54th
Army Corps, under the command of General der Artillerie, Christain Hansen
In March 1945, the division was renamed the 46th
Volksgrenadier Division. With its numbers depleted, the division surrendered to the Soviets in May 1945.
Death and burial ground of Haccius, Ernst.