SAS “Special Air Service”


The Special Air Service was a unit of the British Army  during the Second World War that was formed in July 1941 by Sir David Stirling   and originally called “L” Detachment, Special Air Service Brigade—the “L” designation and Air Service name being a tie-in to a British disinformation campaign, trying to deceive the Axis into thinking there… Read more »

The Third Reich.


The Nazi rise to power brought an end to the Weimar Republic, a parliamentary democracy established in Germany after World War I.  Following the appointment of Adolf Hitler as chancellor on January 30, 1933,  the Nazi state (also referred to as the Third Reich) quickly became a regime in which Germans enjoyed no guaranteed basic rights. After a suspicious… Read more »

SS Gruppenführer Heinz Reinefarth was never convicted of any war crimes.


Heinz Reinefarth was born  26 December 1903 in Gnesen, German Empire. After finishing the gymnasium in 1922, he joined the law faculty of the University of Jena. He graduated in 1927 and passed the 1st degree state exams. Until 1930 he completed his application at the local court in Jena and was promoted to judge. On 1 August 1932, he joined the NSDAP  and received… Read more »

Battle of Britain.


The Battle of Britain was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK)  against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany’s air force,  the Luftwaffe, lasting for 112 days. It has been described as the first major military campaign fought entirely by air forces. The British officially recognise the battle’s duration as being from 10 July until… Read more »

Piotr Śmietański “The Butcher of Mokotow Prison”


Staff Sergeant Piotr Śmietański, born 27 June 1899 in Zawady village son of Anna and Władysła  was a non-commissioned officer of the communist secret police Urząd Bezpieczeństwa  and one of the main executioners in Stalinist Poland. Śmietański  was stationed at the Mokotów Prison  in the Warsaw borough of Mokotów located at 37 Rakowiecka Street. From World War II until the collapse of the Eastern Bloc in 1989, Mokotów Prison – where Śmietański… Read more »

Flying ace.


A flying ace, fighter ace or air ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down several enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The actual number of aerial victories required to officially qualify as an “ace” has varied, but is usually considered to be five or more. The few aces among combat aviators have historically accounted for the majority of air-to-air victories in military history. … Read more »

The Attack on Mers-el-Kébir 


The Attack on Mers-el-Kébir (3 July 1940) also known as the Battle of Mers-el-Kébir, was part of Operation Catapult.  The operation was a British naval attack on French Navy  ships at the base at Mers El Kébir on the coast of French Algeria. The bombardment killed 1,297 French servicemen, sank a battleship and damaged five ships, for a British loss of five aircraft… Read more »

Hitler’s early years.


Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) was born on April 20, 1889,  in the Upper Austrian border town Braunau am Inn,  located approximately 65 miles east of Munich and nearly 30 miles north of Salzburg. He was baptized a Catholic. His father, Alois Hitler (1837–1903),  was a mid-level customs official. Born out of wedlock to Maria Anna Schickelgruber   … Read more »

The Iron Cross.


The German Iron Cross is a former military decoration in the Kingdom of Prussia, and later in the German Empire (1871–1918)  and Nazi Germany (1933–1945).  It was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia  in March 1813 backdated to the birthday of his late wife Queen Louiseon  10 March 1813 during the Napoleonic Wars (EK 1813). Louise was the first person to receive this decoration (posthumous).[The recommissioned… Read more »

The Poland invasion: David against Goliath.


The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss (“Case White”), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent  that marked the beginning of World War II. The German invasion began on 1 September 1939, one week after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact , while the Soviet… Read more »

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