The Second World War began with the German invasion of Poland in 1939. The tactic used by Hitler is called the Blitzkrieg; The lightning war. In this very short time he managed to conquer large parts of Europe.
The lightning war was based on the plan made by General Alfred von Schlieffen (1833-1913) to conquer France, in the event of a war between Germany and France. As early as 1905, this plan was completed. The Von Schlieffenplan aimed at a fast-paced conquest of France. During the Second World War, the Blitzkrieg tactics only emerged for the first time.
Blitzkrieg: the theory.
Speed and surprise were at the base of the Blitzkrieg. Hitler wanted the hopeless situation in which both parties found themselves during World War I; He saw no salvation in a new trench war. During an attack, light tanks played an important role; They led the attack and were supported by infantry and aircraft.
Breaking – closing supply – sowing panic.
In practice, the tanks had to break through the weaknesses of the defense as quickly as possible, and then close the counterparty from supply. In addition, sowing panic among the civilian population was important in order to delay the advancement of defending Allies.
A conquest is just called a Blitzkrieg when the fast-paced victory on the enemy is supposed by the attacker.
Practice: the fast conquest of Poland and the Low Countries.
The lightning war began with the German invasion of Poland in 1939; The Polish Campaign. After the conquest of Poland, Hitler managed to conquer Norway, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Yugoslavia and Greece within a few months.
The Allies initially did not answer the Blitzkrieg. For two years, therefore, the military tactics of Germany proved to be very effective. It was not until 1942 that Hitler was faced with a major defeat during his attack on the Soviet Union: Barbarossa operation. This defeat is a very important turning point in the course of World War II.