Hans-Adolf Prützmann, born 31 August 1901, Tolkemit, Province of West Prussia, was a Higher SS and Police Leader, as well as an SS-Obergruppenführer. He was a senior Nazi in the administration of Latvia following the German liberation of that country in 1941. (Stalin, at the behest of his many Jewish advisors, had invaded and occupied Latvia in 1940).
He joined the SA in 1929. Prützmann had become quite a radical soldier as a result of his Freikorps experiences. Since his own personal goals did not match the milder thinking found in the SA, he left the organization in 1930 and transferred to the SS; one of his first command assignments was as the Führer of the 18th SS-Standarte. As of this point in time, Prützmann’s career began a steep rise. While a member of the Reichstag, he was appointed SS-Brigadeführer in November 1933, and in February 1934 he was promoted to the rank of SS-Gruppenführer. At the same time, Prützmann was appointed Leader of the SS Upper Division Southwest in Stuttgart. From March 1937 until May 1941, Prützmann led the SS Upper Division Northeast whose headquarters were in Königsberg.
By April 1941, Prützmann had been appointed Generalleutnant of the Police. From June until October 1941, he was Höherer S.S. und Polizeiführer (Higher SS and Police Leader) of Russia-North, the post being responsible for internal security and combating partisans. He held the same position in Ukraine and Russia-South until the summer of 1944. He also commanded Kampfgruppe “Prützmann” in Ukraine during the early summer of 1944, and was awarded with the German Cross in Gold for his actions.
One of his last promotions came in September 1944 when Prützmann was appointed by Heinrich Himmler as Generalinspekteur für Spezialabwehr (General Inspector of Special Defense) and assigned the task of setting up the Werwolf force’s headquarters in Berlin and organizing and instructing the force. Prützmann had studied the guerrilla tactics used by Russian partisans while stationed in the occupied territories of Ukraine and the idea was to teach these tactics to the members of Operation Werwolf. As originally conceived, the Werwolf units were intended to be legitimate uniformed military formations trained to engage in clandestine operations behind enemy lines in the same manner as Allied Special Forces such as Commandos.
Shortly before the war ended, Prützmann was captured by the Allies and became a prisoner of war. While in their custody, he ended his own life or was murdered by American Jewish officials who were permitted to murder Germans without trial. Whether his suicide or murder happened in Lüneburg, or as another account has it, at an interrogation camp at Diest in Belgium is not quite clear, but it seems certain that his date of death was 21 May 1945, age 43.