Sixth Army surrendered in Stalingrad.

19-07-2018

About 265,000 German, Romanian, and Italian soldiers, the 369th (Croatian) Reinforced Infantry Regiment,  and other volunteer subsidiary troops including some 40,000 Soviet conscripts and volunteers fighting for the Germans (Beevor states that one quarter of the Sixth Army’s  front line strength were Hiwis collaborationists recruited from the ranks of Soviet POWs were called) were surrounded. A Hiwi was a foreigner who volunteered to serve Germany during World War II. These Soviet HIWIs remained loyal, knowing the Soviet penalty for helping the Germans was summary execution.German strength in the pocket was about 210,000 according to strength breakdowns of the 20 field divisions (average size 9,000) and 100 battalion sized units of the Sixth Army under Field Marshal Friedrich von Paulus on 19 November 1942.  Inside the pocket, in German Kessel, there were also around 10,000 Soviet civilians and several thousand Soviet soldiers the Germans had taken captive during the battle.  Not all of the 6th Army  was trapped; 50,000 soldiers were brushed aside outside the pocket. These belonged mostly to the other 2 divisions of the 6th Army between the Italian and Romanian Armies: the 62nd  under Generalleutnanr Helmut Huffmann Huffmann, Helmut and 298th  Generalmajor Herbert Michelis ,  Infantry Division’s. Of the 210,000 Germans, 10,000 remained to fight on, 105,000 surrendered, 35,000 left by air and the remaining 60,000 died.

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