Tippelskirch, Kurt Oskar Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm von

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Tippelskirch, Kurt Oskar Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm von, born 09-10-1891 in Berlin, Charlottenburg. Josef Goebbels (did you know) was the  Gauleiter of Berlin.  His wife’s name was Elly, born Gallencamp, von Tippelskirch. He joined the German Army and on the outbreak of the World War II was director of army intelligence. In the summer of 1941 he took part in Operation Barbarossa  where he commanded the 30th Infantry Division, “Briesen Division”  succeeding Generalmajor Walter Büchs,.     The 91.000 German POWs taken at Stalingrad, 27.000 died within weeks and only 5-6,000 returned to Germany by 1955. The remainder of the POWs died in Soviet captivity. On 02-02-1943, the organized resistance of Axis troops in Stalingrad ceased. Out of the 91.000 prisoners taken by the Soviets, 3.000 were Romanian. These were the survivors of the 20th Infantry Division , 1st Cavalry Division and “Colonel Voicu” Detachment. According to archival figures, the Red Army suffered a total of 1.129.619 total casualties; 478.741 men killed or missing and 650.878 wounded. These numbers are for the whole Don region; in the city itself 750.000 were killed, captured, or wounded. Anywhere from 25.000 to 40.000 Soviet civilians died in Stalingrad and its suburbs during a single week of aerial bombing by Luftflotte 4 as the German 4th Panzer and 6th Armies approached the city; the total number of civilians killed in the regions outside the city is unknown.  In all, the battle resulted in an estimated total of 1.7-2 million Axis and Soviet casualties. From 5 January to 5 June 1942, Generalmajor von Tippelskirch was commander of the 30th Infantry Division, nicknamed belonging to the German 16th Army  of Generaloberst der Infanterie, Ernst Busch.   Promoted to head of the 12th Corps and in May 1943 moved to the 4th Army. Von Tippelskirch launched Operation “Winter Thunderstorm”. The 30th Division stayed trapped there until the end of the war. After the war, 250,000 German troops trapped in the Courtland Pocket  were marched into captivity, many were never heard from again It was a great success and helped to halt the Allied offensive until spring 1945. Replaced by General der Panzertruppe, Joachim Lemelsen, he died age 66, on 30-03-1954,  von Tippelskirch returned to lead the 21st Army in the defence of northern Germany against the Red Army. Tippelskirch surrendered to the US Army on 02-05-1945. After the war Tippelskirch wrote several books on military history. Von Tippelskirch was married with Elly Gallenkamp and his son, Adolf Hilmar von Tippelskirch,  received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 29-09-1941 as a Oberst, while serving as Chief of the 1st Battery of Artillery Regiment 3 on the northern sector of the Eastern Front. As a Major in the General Staff, Adolf was killed in action near Mogilev in Russia on 28-06-1944. His brother-in-Law, Artillery General Curt Gallenkamp, he died age 68, on 13-04-1958,  received the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross on 19-11-1941. He received the Knight’s Cross while commanding the 78th Infantry Division  on the Eastern Front. On 18-07-1944, von Tippelskirch was injured in an airplane crash. From 31-10-1944 to 22-02-1945, von Tippelskirch was delegated to the Western Front, first as the commander of the German 1st Army in Lorraine, where he succeeded Generaloberst der Infanterie, Nikolaus von Falkenhorst  and then as the commander of the German 14th Army in Italy, where he succeeded General Traugott Herr Traugott_Herr . Herr died age 85, on 13-04-1976, in Achterwehr. Von Tippelskirch meanwhile a General of the Infanterie was the commander of Army Group Vistula, Heeresgruppe Weichsel, acting for General der Flieger, Kommandeur der 1st Fallschirmjäger Regiment , Kurt Student   For the especially successful leadership in German Army, von Tippelskirch was decorated and awarded
Kurt von Tippelskirch surrendered to the United States Army on 02-05-1945. He surrendered in the vicinity of Lübeck-Schwerin-Wismar.

Death and burial ground of Tippelskirch, Kurt Oskar Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm von.

.  After the war Kurt von Tippelskirch lived in Lüneburg and died there at the age of 65 of heart failure, on 10-02-1957 and is buried with his wife Elli, born Gallenkamp, who died old age 87, on 14-03-1980 on the Zentral Cemetery of Lüneburg, next to Generalmajor der Artilerie, Kommandeur der 212th Infanterie Division Hans Jobst Freiherr von Buddenbrock
 . Only steps away the graves of WWII Generalleutnant der Kavallerie, Commander of the Rear Army Area, Iwan Heunert and Generalmajor der Infanterie, Feldkommandeur 497th MarseilleClaus Boie,
    

Cemetery location of Tippelskirch, Kurt Oskar Heinrich Ludwig Wilhelm von.

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