Szokoll, Carl.

Back to all people
austriaWehrmachtMajorResistance

Szokoll, Carl, born 15-10-1915, in Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria the son of a private soldier in the Austrian army who had fought in World War I, and had served a long time as a Russian prisoner of war. He grew up in poor conditions in Vienna, but because he received good grades in primary and secondary school, he was later accepted as an officer candidate in the Austrian army in 1934. In his years as a cadet, he met his wife, Christine Karla “Christl” Kukula, daughter of a Jewish industrialist from Vienna. After the Anschluss in 1938, he had to end his relationship with Kukula due to the Nuremberg Laws which forbade romantic engagement with the Jews. Despite this, he secretly kept in touch with her for the next few years, marrying her after the war in 1946. Together they had a son.

Due to his relationship with a half-Jewish woman (Halbjüdin as the Nuremberg Laws, ordered by Hermann Goering, called it), he was transferred to an elite armored unit of the Ordinary Infantry Regiment and fought in the first phases of World War II in Nazi Germany’s attack on Poland and France. Because he was wounded in battle, he was sent back to Vienna to work in the administration of a district in Vienna.

In 1943, the then Hauptmann Szokoll was transferred to Berlin under Oberst Claus von Stauffenberg, one of the leaders of the resistance movement in the Third Reich, by the Austrian Oberstleutnantl Robert Bernardis and received monthly visits by Robert Bernardis in Vienna from February 1944. Then the July 20 assassination seemed to have succeeded after Stauffenberg placed a bomb in the “Wolfsschanze” Headquarters, he was with Oberst Heinrich Kodre, “Chief of Staff” in Vienna, one of the opponents Stauffenberg, who ordered the arrest of the leading members of the SS and the Nazi administration. Heinrich Kodré was born in 1899 to Richard Kodré and his French wife Henriette Crochet. His father came from Trieste and was a department head in the Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway. His uncle, Franz Kodré, was the director of the Justizanstalt Stein and was shot dead on 06-04-1945 by members of the Wehrmacht and the Waffen SS as part of an end-stage crime because he had allegedly unlawfully released several hundred political prisoners  Kodre died 22-05-1977 (aged 77) in Linz, Austria.

Oberst Kodre and Hauptmann Szokoll, unlike their fellow conspirators in Berlin, succeeded in arresting almost all Nazi officials in Vienna. When the assassination leaders realized that Hitler had survived, Stauffenberg called Szokoll on a secure line to tell him that the attempt had failed. Although Szokoll was one of the last conspirators to have telephone contact with Stauffenberg, he was able to convince the Gestapo that he only followed orders and thus escaped punishment as one of only a handful of conspirators did.

Szokoll “Savior of Vienna” Szokoll was promoted to major later in 1944 and he tried to take all measures in his power to save Vienna from the same fate as so many other European cities, before he was killed in the fierce fighting. In the first months of 1945, he became involved in the Austrian resistance movement and began to establish a network of leaders to approach the Soviet army and declare Vienna an open city. The plan began in early April 1945. Although Adolf Hitler had ordered the Wehrmacht to fight to the last man in defending Vienna, Szokoll’s co-conspirators had implemented a plan that would order all troops to withdraw from Vienna as the Russians approached the city. But the conspiracy was discovered and Nazi officials immediately hanged the leading conspirators and searched for Szokoll. Again he managed to escape, and in the next few days he took part in Operation Radetzky, the plan of the Austrian resistance movement to take over Vienna and prevent fighting as far as possible. In the end, the city experienced only moderate fighting and the inner districts experienced virtually no fighting. Szokoll had acted as interim administrator of Vienna from the Wehrmacht withdrew, but was again almost all captured by the Russians were accused of working for the US intelligence network.

Death and burial ground of Szokoll, Carl.

Szokoll was honored by the reinstated Austrian government for his merits in liberating Austria from the Nazis. He began a career as a writer and film producer. Among his works are the screenplay for the film Der Bockerer, produced by The Last Bridge (the film that made Maria Schell famous), and his own autobiography which became a bestseller. Carl Szokoll, died 25-08-2004, age 88, in Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria. Szokoll was buried at the Zentralfriedhof in Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria. Section II. TOR 33G-33.

Share on :

end