Sobel Sr, Herbert Maxwell, born, 26-01-1912 in Chicago, Illinois, United States, to the Jewish family of Max Sobel (1878 -1944) and his wife Dora F, born Friedman, Sobel (1884 -1952). His father was in the clothing trade. Herbert attended the Culver Military Academy in Indiana. He graduated from the University of Illinois, majoring in architecture.
In 1941, at the outbreak of WWII, Sobel joined the U.S. Army and received an officer’s commission as a 2nd Lieutenant (2LT). Afterward, he was promoted to 1st Lieutenant and was sent to Camp Toccoa, Georgia in 1942 as part of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, an experimental unit which was part of the 101st Airborne, under command of General Maxwell Davenport Taylor. He was given command of Easy Company and trained the men at an extreme rate to push their limits and harden them.
Sobel was a harsh drill instructor, constantly berating his recruits, punishing them for minor infractions, and frequently cancelling weekend passes. In one example, after calling his men to attention, he began one of his exacting inspections. He ridicules Private Donald George “Don” Malarkey
for having a last name which is “slang for bullshit”; the bayonet of Joe Liebgott is slightly rusty, to which Sobel angrily states that he “wouldn’t take this rusty piece of shit to war,” and further adds that “I would not take you to war in your condition!” As a result of these minor infractions, Sobel cancels the weekend passes of all the trainees.
One night, Easy Company went for their Friday night march, a 12-mile affair. After the march, Sobel inspected the men’s canteens, noticing a trooper named Christenson had little water in his canteen. Sobel accused the trooper of disobeying a direct order, and the Paratrooper was ordered to repeat the run.
Sobel trained the men hard, through determination, to make his company the finest in the regiment. He had them climb walls, do pushups and practice parachute jumping. Sobel trained them harder than necessary. He was a martinet and earned no respect from the men, but the men credited him that his technique and ethic made Easy Company.
During training, Colonel Sink, Robert Frederick “Bounding Bob” promoted Sobel to Captain for his superb training skills and told him to promote 2LT Richard David “Dick” Winters to 1LT. Sobel accepted the promotion and agreed to give Winters the promotion as well. After a surprise contraband inspection, Sobel told Winters of his promotion and gave him mess duty saying, “I think a special meal before [the men’s] afternoon off would be a welcome change of pace…I like spaghetti”. In true Sobel fashion, he suddenly cancelled the dinner and sprung another Currahee run on the men, and was seen tormenting the men while they vomited along the way. When he taunted Staff Sergeant Denver “Bull” Randleman and tried to break him, the Company burst into song and ran faster, much to Sobel’s surprise.
After training at Toccoa, the 506th moved to Fort Benning, Georgia, where they jumped and qualified as Paratroopers. First, the officers had to do the actual jump to prove their worth. When it was Sobel’s turn, he was hesitant and clearly stressed, but jumped anyway.
Easy then headed to Camp Mackall, North Carolina for tactical combat training. During an attack training exercise, Easy and another company became lost. Sobel summoned his map-holder, Private Cleveland O Petty, to show him their position, then realized that they were in the wrong position and panicked. Winters advised an alternative solution, but Sobel refused and ordered the unit to advance. In disbelief, Easy advanced, and the opposing team broke cover and ambushed them. A staff officer monitoring the exercise announced, “Captain, you’ve just been killed, along with 95% of your Company”, indicating that Sobel lost.
Sobel and the entire division then traveled by troopship to Aldbourne, England for additional tactical training in preparation for the invasion of mainland Europe. While training there, he and his platoon came to a barb wire fence. Fuming, he ordered his platoon to hide behind growth nearby, while he, 1st Sergeant William Stanton Evans and Sergeant Edward Joseph Tipper tried to figure out their position. A voice was heard from behind the bushes, addressing Sobel. It sounded like Battalion XO Major Oliver Martin Horton, ordering them to cut the fence and move on. Sobel did, not knowing that it was radioman Sergeant George Luz, using his imitation talent, to prank him. Sobel was later reprimanded by Battalion Commander LTC Robert Lytle Strayer
because cows escaped through the cut fence and ‘occupied’ the Battalion HQ grounds. Sobel told Strayer that Major Horton commanded him to do so, but Strayer replied it was impossible since Horton was in London.
Both humiliated by this event and angrily aware of his own tactical blunders in comparison to Winters’ emerging prowess, Sobel sensed Winters could overtake his leadership in combat and formed a plot to discredit him. He issued Winters an Article 15 for not inspecting the latrine, because Sobel had changed the time from 10.00 hours to 09.45, though Winters wasn’t informed of this change. Winters, immediately recognizing Sobel’s motives and how the imposition of nonjudicial punishment would keep him from the Normandy jump, trumped Sobel with a written demand for a court-martial instead, which would keep both him and Sobel from the jump for the proceedings. Sobel was alarmed at this unexpected twist.
Easy Company’s NCOs mutinied in protest, which, while angering Colonel Sink, the Regimental Commander, also gave him cause to question.Sobel’s efficacy with the company in a combat setting. So he set aside Winters’ court-martial. In a meeting, Sink discussed the mutiny and court-martial matter with Sobel, but Sobel downplayed it. Sink, however, reassigned Sobel to Chilton Foliat jump school, much to Sobel’s horror,and 1st Lieutenant Thomas Meehan III became Easy’s CO.
D-Day came and went. Lt. Meehan, age 22, was killed over Normandy when the plane he was in was shot down and Winters became CO of Easy Company. Sobel also jumped into Normandy, but as part of Regimental Company Headquarters, and later became a Battalion Supply Officer to help prepare for Operation Market Garden. On arrival to Easy Company’s rally point for the invasion, he brought Sergeant Robert “Popeye” Wynn, who, in spite of his wound, wished to continue with his unit. Sobel’s reappearance in episode 4 stunned many Easy Paratroopers there, especially when he reprimanded Sergeant. Malarkey for an Army motorcycle Malarkey tried to take for himself.
Sobel later participated at the Battle of Bastogne (“The Battle of the Bulge”), though little was known about what he did during the battle. He then participated in the occupation of Germany. During post-surrender occupation, Captain Sobel tried to walk past the now-Major Richard Winters without saluting him. Winters called him out, saying, “You salute the rank, not the man”. Grudgingly, Sobel then saluted Winters, echoing a previous scene between them.
Death and burial ground of Sobel Sr, Herbert Maxwell.
After the war, Sobel went home, went into the Army National Guard, and was called for active duty during the Korean War, eventually achieving the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He also married, had three children, and became an accountant. He was a good and loving father, but he divorced after having complications with his wife and became estranged from his family.
Sometime around the 1960s, he met Major Clarence R Hester, who was Sobel’s first Company Executive Officer, and later Battalion Operations Officer, and they had lunch. Sobel had some mental problems from his war experience and he was found to be bitter at life and at Easy Company. Hester died 26-12-2000 (age 84)
For an unknown reason, in the late 1960’s, Sobel attempted suicide by shooting himself through his temple, but the shot only severed his optic nerves, blinding him for life. He was later moved to a VA assisted-living home, and resided there for 17 years, before dying of an failed attempt suicide and malnutrition and neglect on on 30-09-1987 at age 75. No funeral was held. Herbert Sobel is buried at At the Montrose Cemetery in Chicago, Illinois.