Schmundt, Rudolf

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Schmundt, Rudolf, born 13-08-1896 in Metz, the son of the later Lieutenant General Richard Schmundt and his wife Hedwig, born Seyffardt, When the father was transferred in June 1913 as the new commander of the Fusilier Regiment “Prinz Heinrich of Prussia ”   ( Brandenburg ) No 35 to Brandenburg an der Havel ( Kingdom of Prussia ), followed him the entire family, which since 1898 also the younger brother William counted. Schmundt visited the From Saldern secondary school in Brandenburg until the outbreak of the First World War. To be able to involve yourself as a volunteer, he passed the Notabitur and stepped on 04-08-1914 as a cadet in the regiment of his father’s age 18 as a Fahnenjunker. After a short training Schmundt came with his regiment on 30-09-1914, the Western Front.  A few months later he received on 22-03-1915, promoted to leutnant. During the ongoing fighting he was wounded  on 20-03-1915, and received for his services on that day the Iron Cross Second Class. After he had made as a military officer deserves, he received on 15-03-1916 post of battalion adjutant. As he proved himself also in the process he was awarded in November of the same year also the Iron Cross First Class. On 11-07-1917 he was transferred as adjutant to the commander in the regimental headquarters, where he remained until the end of the war. In these years Schmundt participated in many battles and skirmishes, the largest of which fall Battle of Champagne, the Battle of the Somme and who were at the Marne. After the war he joined the Free Corps “von Hülsen”  which participated in the revolutionary  street fighting in Berlin, as against the Spartacist uprising  and the Kapp Putsch  and from 01-10-1919 allowed in the new Reichswehr  as a Leutnant. He was among the few officers from the old army that were included in the new Reichswehr. Schmundt married on 14-10-1926 in Potsdam’s Garrison Church Anneliese von Kummer. From this marriage the children Barbara Wilhelma, 08-11-1927, Henning 15-08-1931, Gisela 01-06-1933 and Jurgen, born 18-08-1940 went out. Anneliese Schmundt later referred to the years 1926 to 1929 as ” the best years of my husband and our private life military life. ” From October 1932 he was transferred now a Rittmeister to the Reichswehrministry in Berlin. He served in the Army Organization Department under Wilhelm Keitel. With the Blomberg-Fritsch affaire he was assigned as the successor of Oberstleutnant Friedrich Hossbach as Chef Adjutant of the Army with the high command of the Wehrmacht. In the beginning of October 1942 he succeeded General Bodewin Keitel as Chief of the Army Personnel Department and promoted to Generalleutnant on 01-04-1943. He attained the rank of General of the Infantry on 01-09-1944, and was the Chief of the Personnel Department of the German Army.

hitler's-men-heinrich-himmler-nazi-germany-second-world-war-ww2-rare-pictures-photos-images-karl-wolff Hitler1944 tumblr_lxx1z50iy91r9d6fro1_1280  He was one of the casualties of the failed July 20 plot , planned to kill the German dictator Adolf Hitler (did you know). One of the conspirators

Death and burial ground of Schmundt, Rudolf.

Oberst der Kavallerie, Graf Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg

  , placed a bomb in a briefcase beside Hitler. Oberst Heinz Jürgen Brandt  moved it behind a heavy table leg and unwittingly saved Hitler’s life, but as a consequence lost his own. The attack missed its target, but several staff officers, including Schmundt, were seriously wounded and two other were killed. Heinrich Berger, a civil stenographer was wounded the most bad of all. His friend and colleague, the second civilian stenographer, Heinz Buchholz pulled him from the table. He had lost both his legs, they couldn’t stop the bleeding and he died soon after. Generaloberst Günther Korten   age 45, was the fourth who died of his wounds. Rudolf Schmundt lost his left eye and suffered burns and serious injuries caused by splinters on both legs. On July 25, Hitler visited his confidants in the hospital Carlshof at Rastenburg and promoted him to General of Infantry. In the coming days, Hitler asked repeatedly by Schmundt: ” It must be the best meet the hardest but always. Hopefully it creates the Schmundt that is me but the most indispensable of my aides and one of my favorite people. ”  However, the end of September 1944 worsened the health Schmundt rapidly. He remained unconscious for hours and suffered long delirium.  Severely injured in the assassination attempt, Schmundt initially made a promising recovery, but ultimately died of complications resulting from his injuries on 01-10-1944 six months later. After Schmundt’s death, all current Generals and Field Marshals were summoned by Hitler to attend a funeral service at the Tannenberg Memorial, in east Prussia . As reported by Hauptmann Alexander Stahlberg , aide to Field Marshal

 Erich von Manstein in his book “Bounden Duty”, the group were entrained back to Berlin and General Schmundt, age 48, was buried, on Hitler’s orders, in the hero’s cemetery, the Invaliden Cemetery. Hitler did not attend either ceremonies and the graveside speech was hold by Generaloberst Heinz Guderian. There is a cenotaph in the family plot on the Bergfriedhof of Berchtesgaden, where his wife Anneliese, born von Kummer, who died age 96 in 1994 and his son Jürgen who died age 61 in 2001 are buried.  Alexander Stahlberg died old age 82, on 09-01-1995 in Schloss Bloemersheim. Hitler did not attend either ceremonies of. Schmundt was posthumously awarded the German Order on 07-10-1944. He was replaced as the Chief of the Personnel Department by General Wilhelm Burgdorf , the Deputy Chief. Burgdorf on 01-05-1945, age 50, committed suicide by gunshot to the head. Soviet personnel found the bodies of Burgdorf in the bunker complex. Schmundt’s neighbours are Gestapo head, Reinhard Heydrich and Armament Minister, Fritz Todt, the Invaliden cemetery is a famous cemetery for military people. Only steps away the graves of the Generaloberst der Infanterie, Werner von Fritsch, General der Flieger, Chief of the Reichs Air Force Ministry, Carl August Gablenz, the Field Marshal Walther von Reichenau, Vice Admiral, Lothar von Arnauld de la Periere, Hauptmann of the Wehrmacht, Wolfgang Fürstner the Jewish commander of the Olympic village in 1936, also the one arm Generaloberst der Panzertruppe,  Kommandeur der 16th Panzerdivision , Hans Hube, and Oberst der Wehrmacht, Kommandeur des Militärwaisenhaus Potsdam. Resistance Group von Stauffenberg, General Wilhelm Staehle. The 20 July threaten at the Bendlerblock in Berlin was saved by Major Otto Ernst Remer  commander of the Infantry Regiment Grossdeutschland  who refused to arrest Joseph Goebbels after talking to Hitler in the Wolfschanze by phone.

 

Cemetery and grave location of Schmundt, Rudolf.

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