Ruut, Oskar, (born Oskar Rosenstock) .

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Ruut, Oskar.
estoniaWaffen SSSS Member

Oskar Ruut (born Oskar Rosenstock)  on 24-04-1916 in Valga Estonia, the son of Krisch Rosenstock, born in Ox Hill on 04-05-1876, who was the Valga station commander and, mother Grete Hendrik Ruut, born on 23-11-1880 in Lukes He had 2 brothers and three sisters Viktor (Rosenstock) Ruut; Karl-Richard (Kaarel) Ruut; Karline (Kaare) Alasalu; Pauline-Marie Reet Viks and Tonija Anna Rosenstock-Millistfer. Oskar Ruut studied at the Valga Primary School at the Valga Gymnasium.from 1932 until 1935.

After his high school years, he changed his name in Ruut, his mother’s name and entered the army for compulsory military service, where he served during his youth in the 3rd Individual Infantry Battalion. After completing education, he was promoted to corporal and transferred to the 7th Infantry Regiment. He graduated in 1936 as a graduate of a military school. He studied at the law faculty of the University of Tartu from 1936 to 1943, but did not finish from the study.  He then worked for the Railway Administration.

In 1941 he organized an underground armed group in Tallinn to fight against the Soviet force and participated in the release of his group  of the Red Army..

In early 1942 he joined the police battalion and was sent to the front of Leningrad on 03-03-1942. In the summer of 1942, he was rewarded for his courage with the East Peoples’ Medal on the Eastern Front.  When the Estonian legion was formed, he went to this legion and was sent to the school of the Bad Tölz officials.  Officers’ School, he graduated with excellent exam results and was promoted immediately to SS Obersturmführer (leutnant)  and sent to the Estonian SS Volunteers  Freiwilligen SS Panzergrenadier Bataillon ‘Narva’) 4.    under command of SS Oberführer  Franz Xaver Josef Maria Augsberger  Augsberger commanded the division during the long retreat of the German forces on the Eastern Front. In early March he was awarded the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross by Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner  . On 19-03-1945, age 39, he was killed in action near Neustadt, Oberschlesien.

Ruut  made all the battles of the “Narva” battalion in the Kharkov region, for which he received the Iron Cross 2nd Class  on 8 February 1944 and stayed with the army in the Cherkasy pocket.  For the courage shown during the outbreak, Ruut was awarded the Class I Iron Cross  and Infantry Sign,  and he was also presented at the Hauptsturmführer rank, but the rank confirmation came after his death.

Death and burial ground of Ruut, Oskar.


Oskar Ruut, who was in charge of the battalion commander, brought the “Narva” battalion from Ukraine to Tallinn and then moved to Kehra to be reformed.

On 01-08-1944 Ruth personal destroyed two enemy tanks and received three wounds  on his head and right shoulder, but after two days he was back in line. On 03-08-1944, Oskar Ruut fell in the Battle of Sinimäed Mountains and destroyed again three enemy tanks when the fourth T-34 run over him hiding in his fox hole.

The Sinimäed Hills and its surroundings were a historical setting already in the past. The Grenadier Hill probably got its name ages ago during some battle but its exact origin is unknown. Now the 3rd Panzer Corps’ units, led by SS Obergruppenführer  Felix Steiner  were facing Fedyuninsky and Starikov who represented the Eastern tyranny. The units consisted men from different nations. There were 1,386 Danes, 554 Norwegians, 42 Swedes, 2,736 Dutch and 20 Belgians. It is known that there were also Swiss and Finnish men, the majority of the units was still made up of Estonians and Germans but the exact numbers are unknown. The Russian Marshal Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov   had decided to crush the defenders positions and then head towards Tallinn. This plan was cancelled by the Estonian SS Sturmbannführer  Paul Maitla  and his men. He became the hero of the Siimmaed Hills. SS Sturmbannführer Maitla was arrested on 09-05-1945, age 32, and murdered together with 4 other Estonian soldiers on May 10 (on the first day of peace after World War II had ended) by Czech communists.

Oskar Ruut is buried at the cemetery of German troops in Toila, Estonia.

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