Pas, Hendrikus.

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Pas, Hendrikus, born 03-04-1873 in Borkel and Schaft a small village at the Dutch-Belgium border. Married to Maria Dorothea Aerts. The family Pas lived at the Dorpstraat 73b in Borkel en Schaft. After four years of German occupation, the Allied started Operation Market Garden, on September 18th 1944 to liberate Holland. The English Field Marshal Bernard “Monty” Montgomery wants to deliver the final blow to the Germans with a daring plan: Operation Market Garden. In a combined attack by air (Market) and by land (Garden), English and American armies must advance over Dutch soil to the Ruhr area and possibly even to Berlin. While the Americans would conquer the important bridges to Arnhem, the English army under General Brian Gwynne Horocks entered the Netherlands from Belgium and Borkel en Schaft was one of the first villages on the border. The Germans withdrew and shelled the Allied forces with grenads. Horrocks was the son of Colonel William Horrocks, a doctor in the Royal Army Medical Corps. Horrocks led the rapid advance of the 30th Army Corps through Belgium, liberating first Brussels and then Antwerp. After the city and the port fell into the hands of the 11th Armored Division under command of Brigadier General (later Major General) Holmes Ely Dager

on 04-09-1944, Montgomery ordered the 30th Army Corps to halt at the Albert Canal. The task of breaking the German line running from Antwerp to the mouth of the Scheldt was left to the Canadian First Army, resulting in the Battle of the Scheldt. In mid-September 1944, the fighting area of the 30th Army Corps was shifted.

Horrocks died on 04-01-1985 at the age of 89 in Chichester, West Sussex, England

Shortly after the liberation of Borkel en Schaft in the evening of 19-09-1944, the Pas family celebrated the birthday of son Bert Pas. At that moment the Germans launched a counterattack, and two grenades fall on the family’s house at Dorpsstraat 73. Their daughter Maria Pas, age 27, dies inmiddiately. , the other son and a daughter of Master Pas were slightly injured. Father Hendrikus Pas (also known as Master Pas) is injured in his legs. Joseph Frencken from Waalre, who was visiting, also died immediately. The military police officer Bloemert from Eersel, who is also visiting, is injured. The injured are taken to the basement of the neighbors, the Michael Joannes Bakenlarge family. Here they are cared for and help is called the next morning. With the help of the British, Master Pas is taken by jeep to the Luikerweg (N69). This was done with some difficulty because the Germans had the narrow bridge between Borkel and Schaft blown down on September 18. At the Luikerweg, Meester Pas was loaded into a British red cross car and transported to the St Joseph Hospital in my hometown Eindhoven. The webmaster is also born in this hospital. The hospital is very busy with victims of both the liberation and the bombing of Eindhoven in the evening of September 19. On 26-09-1944, Master Hendrikus Pas, age 71, died of his injuries

The family  Pas was not happy during the Second World War. On 29-08-1939, Master Pas’s brother Wilhelmus Godefridus “Gort” Pas was called up for military service. He was a bachelor who lived with his parents at the Chapel in Borkel en Schaft at number 34. He was then working at the Smolders sawmill. He had to arrive in Roermond, where he was assigned to 1-17 G.B (1st Company of the 17th Border Battalion. The 17th Border Battalion guarded the river Maas near Roermond. It had to do this with very inadequate resources. Sergeant Rangelrooy reports about the death of Gort Pas as follows: “On 10-05-1940, I commanded the riverboat and this boat was sunk on my orders. We then retreated across the Maas, towards Horn and we reported there to Captain Van Oorschot, who ordered us to take cover in the position, which we did. After staying in the position for about an hour, it was hit by a projectile, causing five casualties. Later, another person died from his wounds. The number of those killed became six. The names of the fallen are: Van Driel, Benninck, Gort Pas, Jansen, Pollen and Verbruggen: I myself was seriously injured in my left leg and foot.” . Gort Pas is buried in the Op het Zand cemetery.

  Pastor  Van de Bichelaer in Borkel

came to tell the parents of Gort Pas, the sad news, that their son had given his life for his country. On 31-03-1922 he became pastor in Borkel en Schaft, where he remained until his death on 08-08-1944.

A few kilometres further at the border, a group of Dutch civilians were so curious that they went to the border on there bicycles to meet the English soldiers. They were captured by mad Dutch volunteers SS men and when they were ordered to leave for home, two were killed by back shots. The civilians of Borkel and Schaft nearby were the father of eight, Johannes Maas     and a father of eleven children, Christiaan Tegenbosch .  A third, Chris Aarts was shot in the back and the bullet came out his through his belly cutting of three fingers of his right hand with which he was still holding his bike. Severely wounded he came in hospital and survived. Christiaan Tegenbosch. and Johannes “Jan” Maas the man with the black hat on the right.

A team from the second Household Cavalry Regiment was assigned on September 11 1944 to find out whether the bridge over the Dommel was strong enough for tanks. In 1944 there were no drones or satellites yet. That is why soldiers had to go and look in occupied territory themselves. British lieutenant Rupert Buchanan-Jardine

  led the unit, which consisted of two open armored cars. He was in the car with Bob Buckley. Corporal Jack Brook 

was in the other car with Ted Bateman. Unhindered, they drove towards Valkenswaard shortly after noon. The men penetrated deep to about eight kilometers behind enemy lines. They contacted residents who thought they were being liberated. The soldiers stopped at Café Rustoord on the Luikerweg to have a chat. Photos of Pastor Goyarts of the special moment show that it was busy.

Jack Brook and Buchanan Jardine both survived the war, and came back to Holland many times, for the Remember September festivities and became a dear friend. Jack gave me his original 1944 cap badge, great. Later, General Horrocks called this reconnaissance mission the most daring of World War II.

Pas, Hendrikus and his daughter Maria, aswell Jan Maas and Christiaan Tegenbosch are buried at the St Servatius church cemetery in Borkel.

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