Olbricht, Friedrich, born, 04-10-1888 in Leisnig, Thüringen, the son of a professor of mathematics, began his military career after his final exams (1907). He started his military career as Fahnenjunker with the 106th Infantry Regiment. He fought in the German Army during the First World War. In 1919 he became captain of the Reichswehr – as a result of the Treaty of Versailles, greatly reduced German army. Olbricht, together with Hans Oster, Erwin von Witzleben and Georg Thomas , went after the Bierkellerputsch of 1923 against the rising national socialism.
After the failed attempt on Hitler’s life at the Wolf’s Lair in East Prussia on 20 July 1944, all the old plans from 1938–39 were found, leading to General Thomas’s arrest on 11-10-1944, followed by stays in the Flossenbürg and Dachau concentration camps. In late April 1945, he was transferred to Tyrol together with about 140 other prominent inmates, where the SS left the prisoners behind. They were liberated by the Fifth U.S. Army, commanded by Major General Lucian King Truscott on 05-05-1945. Thomas died in Allied custody on 29-12-1946, age 56.
In 1926 Olbricht became leader of the Abteilung Fremde Heere (“Office Foreign Armies”) of the Reich Ministry of Defense. In 1933 he became staff chief of the Dresdner Division. In 1934 he prevented the execution of several supporters of SA-leader Ernst Röhm during the Night of the Long Knives. In 1935 his appointment as Chief of Staff of the Fourth Army Corps (Dresden) followed. In 1938 he became commander of the 24th Infantry Division. and by 1938 had reached the rank of Generalleutnant. In 1940 Olbricht became Chief of the General Army Office in Berlin. Olbricht was one of few German military officers who supported the democratic Weimar Republic His mistrust of the Nazis became apparent early on, particularly after the Beer Hall Putsch in 1923, when he stood together with Hans Oster,
Hans Oster. Place of Oster’s execution in Flössenburg. Erwin von Witzleben.
Hans Oster was murdered on 09-04-1945, age 58, in Flossenbürg concentration camp, and Erwin von Witzleben, he was hanged by the Gestapo on 08-08-1944, age 62, after a trail by the Nazi jurist Roland Freisler
, who all distanced themselves from the growing National Socialist movement, worried as they were at the allure that the Nazis seemed to have for a lot of military men. During the Second World War Olbricht became disillusioned with the leadership of Adolf Hitler (see parents) and joined Ludwig Beck and Henning von Tresckow in the resistance movement. Olbricht joined the July Plot and was the one who gave the signal to take over power after the assassination attempt on 20-07-1944. When it became clear that the assassination of Adolf Hitler (see Alois Hitler) had been unsuccessful, in an attempt to protect himself, Friedrich Fromm organized the execution of Olbricht, Oberst der Kavallerie, Claus von Stauffenberg and his adjutant, Werner von Haeften, in the courtyard of the War Ministry. Olbricht was the first of the four to be shot, all against Hitler’s orders to take the would-be assassins alive (those who did get captured alive got more painful and prolonged means of execution)..
After executing the top plotters, Fromm returned to his office for the night after a reported upcoming air-raid. There in his office he was met by various Nazi officers, Joseph Goebbels was among them. Fromm tried to claim credit for ending the coup.
On the morning of 22-07-1944, Fromm was arrested by Nazi officials and locked in jail to await trial. Fromm was discharged from the German Army on 14-09-1944. The civilian Fromm was sentenced to death and considered unworthy for military duty by the Volksgericht on 07-03-1945 . Since the court failed to prove a direct association with the 20 July plotters, he had been charged and convicted for cowardice before the enemy. The loss of his worthiness for military service led to a permanent loss of all honors, ranks and orders. On 12-03-1945, age 56, Fromm was executed at the Brandenburg Görden Prison by firing squad as part of the post-conspiracy purge. His last words before the firing squad were reported to be “I die, because it was ordered. I had always wanted only the best for Germany
Death and burial ground of Olbricht, Friedrich.
Olbricht who was married with Eva Koeppel, here with his daughter Rosemarie and son in law Friedrich Georgi and the other victims had a temporary grave on the Alter Sankt Matheaus Friedhof, in Berlin, but after a few weeks the bodies were burned by the SS and the ashes scattered. In Berlin their is still a grave of honor for Olbricht.
Grave of honor in Dresden. Temportary grave, Berlin.
Place of execusion, Bendlerblock innercourt.