Maurice Emil, born on 19-01-1897 in Westermoor, Schlewig Holstein, from the Jewish family Charles Emil Maurice and Amanda Hennings, with four brothers and one sister, was an early member of the Nazi Party. He started as a watchmaker career with Adolf Christen in Gettorf and as Christen went to war, Emil was responsibly for the shop. Emil was a close associate of Adolf Hitler (see parents)
with a personal friendship dating back to at least 1919, when Hitler started his first speeches for a small amount of spectators, on 13-11-1919 there were only 131 in the “Sterneckerbraüs” a restaurant in Munich. With the founding of the Sturmabteilung in 1920, Maurice became the first Oberster SA Führer Supreme SA Leaders).
In 1921 he at the instance of Hitler resigned of his watchmaker job, lost his income of 250 Mark every month and could, with the financial help of the student Hans Ulrich Klintzsch, spent all his time to the SA . Klintzsch, born 04-11-1898 in Lübbenau, was an ex-naval lieutenant from the Erhardt Brigade who served as leader of the Oberste SA-Führer, from 1921 until 11-05-1923, when he returned to his former unit and ceded control to Hermann Goering
. After his career as SA-leader, he went back to the Luftwaffe . He died on 15-09-1940 in Boulogne, when his Heinkel He 59 crashed. In 1923, Emil Maurice also became the SA commander of the newly established Stabswache, a special SA company given the task of guarding Hitler at Nazi parties and rallies. On 25-10-1921 he involved in the assassination on Vice President Erhard Auer, age 70 and he was imprisoned, but released in connection of failing evidence. He was imprisoned with Hitler and Rudolf Hess
at Landsberg after the failure of the Beer Hall Putsch 1923 Hitler was captured two days after the Putz in Uffing, Staffelsee and Maurice reported himself to the police. Hitler wrote his “Mein Kampf” in prison, as Maurice played the mandolin. Adolf named Maurice in the book as “my brave Maurice” and called him Morizl or Moischi in the contact. Maurice was allowed to call him: my dear Hitler.
In 1925, two years after the failed Beer Hall Putsch, Maurice and Hitler refounded the Stabswache as the Stosstrupp Adolf Hitler which was renamed, later that year, as the Schutzstaffel (SS) . Another less threatening name used for the SS was “Turn and Sportdepartment” to play down their aggression in the street battles. At that time, Adolf Hitler became SS Member NR. 1 and Emil Maurice became SS Member NR. 2. Maurice became an SS-Führer in the new organization, although the leadership of the SS was assumed by SS Brigade Führer and former driver of Hitler, Julius Schreck
Hitler’s driver and look a like and the first Reichsführer SS and SA leader Joseph Berchtold, former stationery salesman Bechtold succeeded Julius Schreck as Reichsführer SS in 1926. Bechtold died age 65 on 23-08-1962, in Herrsching. Maurice became Hitler’s chauffeur which he felt as a degradation. Hitler’s first driver was Ernst Johann Haug .Hitler had a secretary since 27-02-1925, Ada Klein, he called her “Deli” and Maurice had to give his apartment sometimes to the couple and they had an relation for two years Maurice claimed. When the SS was reorganized and began to expand in 1932, Maurice became a senior SS officer and would eventually be promoted to the rank SS-Oberführer in 1939. While Maurice never became a top commander of the SS his status as SS Member 2 effectively credited him as the actual founder of the organization. Heinrich Himmler , (did you know) who ultimately would become the most recognized leader of the SS, held SS Member 168. Maurice was with Hitler during the Night of the Long Knives, Ernst Julius Röhm . Maurice shot to death Edmund Heines
and his boyfriend on 30-06-1934. He also shot and killed Father Bernhard Stempfle, age 52 on 01-07-1934, who had been talking about Hitler’s relationship with Geli Raubal . After Heinrich Himmler had become Reichsführer SS, Maurice fell afoul of Himmler’s racial purity rules for SS officers, when he had to submit details of his family history before he was allowed to marry. All SS officers had to prove racial purity back to 1750, and it turned out that Maurice had Jewish ancestry, Charles Maurice Schwartzenberger (1805–1896), the founder of Thalia Theater in Hamburg, was his great-grandfather, a bust is still present in the vestibule of the theater. Himmler, who had always been jealous of Hitler’s close friends from the early days of the Party, and especially of the lack of control he had over Hitler’s inner bodyguards, was delighted. He recommended that Maurice be expelled from the SS, along with other members of his family. To Himmler’s annoyance however, the Führer stood by his old friend and ordered Himmler a clean Aryan evidence for Maurice, a Ächteljude” quarter Jew, “Ehrenarier”. In a secret letter written on the 31-8-1935, Hitler compelled Himmler to make an exception for Maurice and his brothers, who were informally declared “Honorary Aryans” and allowed to stay in the SS. Despite his Jewish ancestry, Maurice was first and foremost a loyal companion to Hitler, he was succeeded by SS Obersturmbannführer, Erich Kempka as driver. Already a regular guest in the Landsberg prison was Hitler’s niece Geli and Emil had an eye on her. This deep relationship with Hitler’s niece , Geli Raubal, became dangerous as Maurice asked Hitler, in a private talk, if he was allowed to engage Geli, but Hitler reacted furious and sent Maurice out of the house, threated him with his revolver. Maurice was accepted again in Hitler intimate group in February 1926 and became his driver again. Maurice met Geli first two years later in Munich. Geli lived with Hitler in an appartement on the Prinzregentenplatz 16, where she had her own room on the second floor, where she killed herself . In her room later Henriette Hoffmann and Baldur von Schirach celebrated their wedding party. The apartment was occupied by American soldiers and totaly plundered on 01-05-1945, many interesting memorials disappeared to the USA. Geli committed suicide with Hitler’s Walter pistol, age 23, on 08-09-1931. The finding of suicide was based on the fact that her door had been locked from the inside. No autopsy was conducted, although a doctor estimated that her death had occurred the previous day, September 18. There were many rumours. Since she was killed by a bullet fired from his gun, a Walther 6.35 pistol , it was rumored that Hitler had shot her, or had ordered her to be shot, for infidelity or other reasons. As these rumours circulated, Hitler (see Hitler Paula) himself released a statement to the Münchener Post: It is untrue that I and my niece had a quarrel on Friday 18 September; it is untrue that I was violently opposed to my niece going to Vienna; it is untrue that my niece was engaged to someone in Vienna and I forbade it.In 1934 the good looking Maurice, age 37 met the 22 years old medicine student Hedwig Ploetz and they married 11-05-1935 in hotel “Die vier Jahreszeiten”, “the Four Seasons”, but Hitler was not present and represented by his adjutant SS Obergruppenführer Julius Schaub and Reichsminister Franz Xavier von Schwarz . Schwarz died in Allied prison in Regensburg, age 72 on 02-12-1947. Hedwig’s father was Oberst Rudolf Ploetz a first war General who died age 77, in 1942. The couple got two children, a boy Klaus and a daughter. On 25-05-1945 Maurice was captured by the American forces in Starnberg and interviewed by the CIC, the Intelligence Corps. He behaved as being only the driver of Hitler, his memory leaked heavenly and he didn’t mentioned the name SS at all, while he had been the founder and high decorated member. He even suggested several times his sharping critics, during the war, against the persecution of the Jews and declared himself as a decent man. The men who witnesses this were all members of the former SS Leibstandarte. In September 1946 he was transferred to the camp Cham, near Regensburg and his wife Hedwig had to take care for the children alone. With a leak of money she took an appointment as a doctor in a hospital in Munich. On 13-05-1948 Maurice as a “Classe II Nazi” was condemned to four years labour camp, but he appealed and his request for mercy was accepted, Maurice was free. After the war Maurice became a watchmaker again in Munich, retired the last years of his life in his house in Stöcking/Starnberg, where also Lenie Riefenstahl
lived, until her death. His living room was decorated with paintings of his Jewish ancestors and SS member Nr.39 died here at the age of 75, on 06-02-1972.
Death and burial ground of Maurice, Emil.
His wife Hedwig made later good money of all Maurice WWII momentos and Hitler letters. Hedwig, the daughter of Oberst Rudolf Ploetz, who died, age 77, in 1942, passed away at the very old age 92 in 2003 and they are all buried on the Nordfriedhof of Munich, close to the grave of the 1923 Putz victim Andreas Bauriedl and Heinrich Hoffmann, Hitler’s personal photographer and his daughter Henriette von Schirach-Hoffmann and Baldur von Schirach, Dr. Gustav von Kahr President of the Bavarian court in 1923 during the Putz and some further, Hitler’s former adjutant SS Standartenführer, Falaise Pocket, 12th SS Panzer Division , Max Wünsche, Generaloberst der Gebirgstruppe, Kommandeur der 3th Gebirgs Division , Eduard Dietl,
Hitler’s youngest secretary, Traudl Junge-Humps and Hans, the General der Flieger, Kommandeur Luftwaffe Hongaria, Karl Futterer, Bernd Freytag von Loringhoven, and Generalleutnant der Artillerie, Commander of the POW in Wehrkreis IV, Erich von Botzheim, Hitler’s doctor SS Obersturmführer, Dr. Ludwig Stumpfegger, the Troost couple Paul Troost and Gerda,
some of Hitler’s favourite architects.